Fans jump to their feet as Cuba’s first batter hits a single against the Tampa Rays during an exhibition game at Estadio Latinoamericano.(Robert Gauthier / Los Angeles Times)
Tampa Rays players carry Cuban children during opening ceremonies at an exhibition baseball game between wiith the Cuban National Team.(Robert Gauthier / Los Angeles Times)
Rays center fielder Mikie Mahtook chuckles as a dove flies overhead during an exhibition game between Tampa and the Cuban National Team.(Robert Gauthier / Los Angeles Times)
Cuba National Team members wait for opening ceremonies to begin moments before an exhibition game against the Tampa Rays at Estadio Latinoamericano.(Robert Gauthier / Los Angeles Times)
Onlookers crane to shoot smartphone images of President Obama, who is stationed more than a block away at the El Gran Teatro de Havana in Central Havana.(Robert Gauthier / Los Angeles Times)
Cubans wave to President Obama as he passes through central Havana.(Robert Gauthier / Los Angeles Times)
President Obama meets with dissidents and other Cubans at the U.S. Embassy in Havana. From left are Nelson Alvarez Matute, Miriam Celaya Gonzalez and Manuel Cuesta Morua.(Pablo Martinez Monsivais / Associated Press)
Maria Castro, left, and Laritza Mojenas cheer for President Obama from the front door of a Havana home.(Robert Gauthier / Los Angeles Times)
Angel Tapia, 72, right, watches President Obama’s speech.(Robert Gauthier / Los Angeles Times)
President Obama delivers a speech at the Gran Teatro de la Habana in Havana.(Nicholas Kamm / AFP/Getty Images)
Cuba President Raul Castro, bottom center, receives applause after arriving to hear President Obama’s address at the El Gran Teatro of Havana.(Michael Reynolds / European Pressphoto Agency)
Cuban President Raul Castro lifts up the arm of President Barack Obama at the conclusion of their joint news conference at the Palace of the Revolution in Havana, Cuba.(Pablo Martinez Monsivais / AP)
Cristina Vareaes, right, and friend Mercedes Lopez, watch President Barack Obama answer questions at a news conference with Cuban President Raul Castro in Havana on Monday.(Robert Gauthier / Los Angeles Times)
Military school students watch the Cuba National baseball team practice at the Estadio Latinoamericano. The Cuban team will play the Tampa Rays in an exhibition game.(Robert Gauthier / Los Angeles Times)
A statue of a famous Cuban baseball fan, Armando Luis Torres Torres, sits in the lower level seats along the third base line at Estadio Latinoamericano. President Obama is scheduled to watch a game in the stadium.(Robert Gauthier / Los Angeles Times)
President Barack Obama, along with his daughter, waves to well wishers as he tours Old Havana with his family soon after touching down on Air Force One, becoming the first sitting President since Calvin Coolidge to visit Cuba.(Robert Gauthier / Los Angeles Times)
People wait in Central Havana to get a glimpse of President Obama.(Robert Gauthier / Los Angeles Times)
President Barack Obama shakes hands with Cuban Foreign Minister Bruno Rodriguez as First Lady Michelle Obama looks on upon arrival at the airport in Havana on Sunday.(Ismael Francisco / Associated Press)
President Barack Obama waves after his arrival at Jose Marti International Airport in Havana on Sunday.(Alejandro Ernesto / European Pressphoto Agency)
President Barack Obama and First Lady Michelle Obama arrive Sunday at Jose Marti International Airport in Havana on Air Force One.(Joe Raedle / Getty Images)
The plane carrying President Obama lands in Havana on Sunday.(Yuri Cortez / AFP/Getty Images)
Tourists stand next to a sign showing President Obama, right, and Cuba President Raul Castro next to the Cathedral in Old Havana.(Enric Mart / Associated Press)
President Barack Obama and First Lady Michelle Obama wave as they board Air Force One at Joint Base Andrews near Washington, D.C. to travel to Cuba.(Martin H. Simon / European Pressphoto Agency)
A house in Havana displays the flags of the United States and Cuba.(Orlando Barria / European Pressphoto Agency)
Policewomen drag away members of Ladies in White, a women’s dissident group that calls for the release of political prisoners, during the group’s weekly protest in Havana on Sunday.(Rebecca Blackwell / Associated Press)
Waves crash well beyond the seawall along Havana’s Malecon as a storm hangs over Cuba for a second straight day.(Robert Gauthier / Los Angeles Times)
President Obama ended his historic trip to Cuba with a challenge to its communist leaders Tuesday, pressing them to keep pace with the changes he set in motion for a new era in the relationship between the neighboring nations.
More than half a century after revolution in Cuba put the two countries on track to be Cold War adversaries, Obama seized on the presence of a new “evolution taking place inside Cuba, a generational change.” Eager to tip the balance toward popular rule on his three-day visit here, Obama urged President Raul Castro to set aside fears and put the future of his country “en las manos del pueblo Cubano” — in the hands of the Cuban people.
“Many suggested that I come here and ask the people of Cuba to tear something down,” Obama said from the historic Gran Teatro de la Habana, in a speech broadcast nationally here and translated into Spanish. “But I’m appealing to the young people of Cuba who will lift something up, build something new.”
Addressing Castro by name and looking briefly into the theater balcony where the Cuban leader sat, Obama said he need not fear “the different voices of the Cuban people and their capacity to speak and assemble and vote for their leaders.”
Obama’s address and his meeting with dissidents capped a trip in which he met the major goals that White House aides had detailed in previewing his visit. He publicly pressed Castro on democratic reforms. He highlighted the cause of the country’s politically disenfranchised. And he laid the groundwork for the stronger commercial relationship that he thinks will ultimately empower Cubans.
“I have come here to bury the last remnant of the Cold War in the Americas,” Obama said in his remarks.
As he closed the trip, in the warm spring sunshine of a ballpark, Obama appeared relaxed and playful at the end of what many regarded as a diplomatic gamble. Watching an exhibition game between the Tampa Bay Rays and the Cuban national team, Obama even razzed Castro when the American team scored. Tampa Bay won, 4-1.
“We initiated a new policy of engagement not out of naivete,” Obama told ESPN during the game. “But this now gives us more leverage and a greater platform to advocate for the things we care about.”
Critics disagreed with his decision to do so.
GOP presidential hopefuls Gov. John Kasich of Ohio and Sen. Ted Cruz of Texas slammed Obama for not cutting his trip short after the attack in Brussels.
“I hope he will say he’s leaving Cuba and heading back to the White House,” Kasich said early Tuesday.
Instead, Obama donned khakis and went to the ballpark, in a moment reminiscent of the so-called pingpong diplomacy of the 1970s. Following President Nixon’s historic opening of relations with communist China, the table tennis teams of the U.S. and China took turns putting on exhibition events in each other’s countries.
The game in Cuba, though, was also a reminder of the complicated relationship between the two nations, and the wrenching decisions made by Cuban star players who have sought to further their careers in the American major leagues.
“Welcome home,” Obama could be heard saying to Varona as he greeted members of the team.
Elsewhere around Havana, Cubans greeted the American presence warmly.
Spontaneous celebrations erupted in the streets as Obama delivered his address.
A few blocks from the site of Obama’s speech in colonial Old Havana, Maria Castro and Laritza Mojenas waved giant Cuban and American flags and led dozens of neighbors in joyous chants, cheering for the American leader, Castro and even his brother Fidel, their longtime leader.
“Obama brings peace!” they shouted in Spanish. “Long live Fidel! Long live Raul! Long live Obama!”
Tapia was a teenager when the Castro brothers changed Cuba forever with their communist revolution. A military officer for many years who now walks with a cane, Tapia calls himself a “son of the revolution.”
“I love the revolution,” he said.
But his eyes welled up with happiness as he watched Obama describe Cuba and the U.S. as brothers who have been separated for many years but share “the same blood.”
Unable to speak at times because he was overwhelmed with emotion, he gave a smile and thumbs up. “I’m so happy,” he said.
Despite his fidelity to socialist principles, Tapia said he welcomes Obama’s visit and the American investment he hopes it brings to Cuba. He doesn’t see that as a contradiction, and said he hopes Cuba can embrace a hybrid economic system like China.
“We aren’t enemies,” Tapia said. “That is propaganda. We are friends.”
Parsons and Linthicum reported from Havana and Memoli from Washington. Times staff writer Tracy Wilkinson in Washington contributed to this report.