Late 20th century Italian Modernism has gone mainstream in furniture design, architecture, cuisine and elsewhere. This was also a golden age for modern music, one that has had and continues to assert considerable international influence. But we pay it too scant attention.
But Gustavo Dudamel stepped up to the avant-garde Italian plate on this occasion in inspired performances of two seemingly arcane works. Berio's "Calmo," a curiously obscure memorial to Italian composer Bruno Maderna that featured Swedish mezzo-soprano Charlotte Hellekant, and Scelsi's "Anahit," a mystical violin concerto with Jennifer Koh as the soloist.
Both pieces had their origins around the same time and are by composers so unalike that an Italian Modernist musical school might seem like a meaningless notion. Berio was Milanese and from a musical family. He became Italy's most cosmopolitan avant-garde composer and had voraciously wide musical appetites.
Scelsi, born in 1905 (20 years before Berio), was an Italian aristocrat who grew up in a castle, was inspired by Eastern religions, experimented with weirdly interior microtones and rarely left his palatial apartment in Rome.
Yet these works sounded comfortable together in
For all his spiritual fervor, Scelsi had his earthy side. "Anahit" is dedicated to Venus. Anahit was the Armenian goddess of fertility. The concerto was written in 1965, the year of "Juliet of the Spirits," a movie stimulated by Federico Fellini's experiments with psychedelic drugs and séances.
Scelsi wanders through the same parapsychological territory. The solo violin, led on a transcendent journey by an 18-piece droning ensemble, relies on the intensity of bent tones with otherworldly implications, and Koh made every note mesmerizing. Dudamel's job was as a conveyor of eeriness, something for which he seemed peculiarly at home.
"Calmo" was Berio's first reaction to the death in 1973 of his closest musical and personal friend. The original five-minute score was for soprano and small ensemble and later was expanded; this was the U.S. premiere of a 1989 version. Texts were those that Berio and Maderna shared interest in — the Psalms of David, their friend Edoardo Sanguineti's surreal poetry and the writing of ancient Greeks.
David advocates calling back a departed spirit with the harp and lyre. Sanguineti suggests demoniac gunpowder. Homer calls for taut strings.
Hellekant, an arrestingly versatile mezzo who sings early music, 19th century opera and modern works, sang from memory. Barefoot and displaying ankle bracelets, she brought a Gypsy-like theatrical vitality, a huge voice and fervent attention to word and tone. Dudamel kept the ensemble in atmospheric background, as though from a half-formed universe something new might arise.
Compared with these ensemble pieces the works by Nono and Francesconi were more abstract. Italian sensuality and spirituality surfaced nonetheless.
Nono's "'Hay que caminar' sonando" for two solo violins is the composer's last work before he died in 1990, and it evokes a sense of leaving the material world. The players stand apart and are asked to move to different positions for each of the three sections.
As associate concertmasters Nathan Cole and Bing Wang moved farther and farther away from the audience, winding up in the organ loft, they created a physical sense of removal to accentuate the insubstantial sounds of their bows barely scraping strings.
Yet the little-heard resonated profoundly, every vibration a thread to life. The title comes from an inscription on a Spanish monastery instructing the wayfarer to walk, spiritual enlightenment having no fixed path. Cole and Wang offered concentrated beauty.
With Francesconi's "Animus," for solo trombone and electronics and given its U.S. premiere Tuesday, sound was once more not just sound but a life force. Born in 1956 and a student of Berio, Francesconi takes Berio's theatrical solo instrumental style a step further into the present.
Associate principal trombonist James Miller was thus the heroic maker of sounds you had no idea his instrument was capable of. Matthew Davis ran the interactive electronics from a laptop, turning those already amazing sounds into musical hyper-reality.