Carl Gottlieb met
Gottlieb had already established himself as a performer — he was a member of the popular San Francisco improv group the Committee — and was on the writing staff, along with
Not only did they hang out together, but Spielberg also cast him in small roles in a few of his TV projects and then asked him to play newspaper editor Ben Meadows in
Less than three weeks before production was to begin on Martha's Vineyard, Spielberg asked Gottlieb to help with the troubled script adaptation of Peter Benchley's bestseller about a very hungry great white shark.
Gottlieb imbued the fish tale with quirky humor and brought some depth to the characters, making "them more like everybody instead of caricatures," he said.
On Friday, the Writers Guild will celebrate the 40th anniversary of the blockbuster starring
Even though the Benchley book was a bestseller, "Jaws" was just going to be "a quick summer popcorn movie," Gottlieb, 78, noted in a recent interview in the vintage West Hollywood apartment he shares with an affectionate feline named Frida.
"To everybody who worked on it at the time, it was a job," he said. "Let's do the best job we can with the resources we have. It was not a big-budget picture."
But when it opened in June 1975 on more than 400 screens — a wide release for its time — "Jaws" caught "the zeitgeist."
Though, at first, not much respect.
"We opened up at second-rate theaters," Gottlieb recalled. "We were east of Vine Street on Hollywood Boulevard, and we were at the second-rate theater in Westwood. Then they moved us to bigger theaters."
The initial screenplay was written by Benchley, and "The Great White Hope" playwright Howard Sackler was hired for a rewrite, although Benchley and Gottlieb are the only credited writers.
Benchley's screenplay was an example of a "journalist who didn't understand screenplays," Gottlieb said. "Sackler did a workman-like job of translating the novel faithfully. A faithful rendition of the novel was not what was needed. Something else was needed, and I came on board."
Spielberg sent him a copy of the script "with the word 'eviscerate' scrawled across the title page. I sent a lengthy memo of what the script needed."
Spielberg showed the memo to producers
Not only was production about to begin without a completed script but the mechanical shark wasn't cooperating. "The shark was problematic," Gottlieb said. "It wasn't working all the time."
Both Gottlieb and Spielberg were huge fans of the 1951 sci-fi horror film "The Thing From
"We can intimate the shark," said Gottlieb. "We can show terrible things that the shark does, and that will build suspense. We concentrated on showing the effects of the shark when we didn't have the shark. It was even that much more impressive when he finally appeared."
Gottlieb also jettisoned a few subplots from the novel, including a love affair between Sheriff Brody's (Scheider) wife, Ellen (Lorraine Gary), and oceanographer Matt Hooper (Dreyfuss).
"When we saw Lorraine Gary, Dreyfuss and Scheider interacting — these were three lovely people — we said, 'We are not going to show her cuckolding [Brody] with this dweeb." In the book, the oceanographer was a studly guy. In Sackler's version of the script, the casting choice was Jan-Michael Vincent instead of Richard Dreyfuss."
Gottlieb also ended up pruning his own character. "The hardest thing I have ever done in show business was to cut my part as an actor, because the writer side of me said, 'This character is superfluous.' "
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40th-anniversary screening of 'Jaws'
Where: Writers Guild Theater, 135 S. Doheny Drive, Beverly Hills
When: 7:30 p.m. Friday
Admission: The event is sold out, but any open seats will be available for free at 7:15 p.m.