P.M. BRIEFING : EPA Wants to Fine 109 Repair Shops

From Times wire services

The Environmental Protection Agency proposed fines of more than $1 million against 109 muffler and car repair shops today for installing improper emission-control devices on automobiles.

The EPA said the shops installed cheaper, less effective "two-way" catalytic converters on automobiles rather than the "three-way" converters required under federal laws to reduce air pollution.

The three-way converters control nitrogen oxide emissions in addition to hydrocarbons and carbon monoxide in car exhaust. The two-way converters do not adequately control nitrogen oxides, the EPA said.

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