John McCain rolled to victory in big-state primaries across the nation Tuesday, but rivals Mike Huckabee and Mitt Romney notched enough wins to keep the race for the Republican nomination alive.
McCain won primaries in California, New York, New Jersey, Connecticut, Missouri, Delaware, Illinois, Oklahoma and Arizona, his home state.
Huckabee, a former Arkansas governor who has appealed above all to white evangelicals, beat expectations across a large stretch of the Bible Belt. He won Alabama, West Virginia and delegate-rich Georgia and Tennessee -- big trophies for a man who long ranked as an afterthought in the race for the White House.
However, the 21 Republican contests on Super Tuesday proved a disappointment for Romney, a former governor of Massachusetts. He took his home state, but his other victories in early returns were in the relatively small states of Utah -- where he was buoyed by fellow Mormons -- Minnesota, Montana, Colorado and North Dakota.
McCain was counting on winning enough delegates Tuesday to establish himself firmly as the presumptive nominee. In Phoenix, he took to the stage at the Arizona Biltmore with the “Rocky” anthem playing and told cheering supporters he was glad to give up the role of underdog.
“I think we must get used to the idea that we are the Republican Party front-runner,” he told the crowd.
“Mac is back!” his supporters hollered.
At his election-night party in Boston, Romney told supporters that he would stay in the race no matter the final delegate tally after Super Tuesday.
“I think there’s some people who thought it was all going to be done tonight,” he told the crowd before promising: “We’re going to go all the way to the convention and we’re going to win this thing, and we’re going to go to the White House.”
Huckabee, like Romney, vowed to keep on fighting for the nomination.
“Tonight we’re proving that we’re still on our feet,” Huckabee told a boisterous crowd in Little Rock, Ark. “And much to the amazement of many, we’re getting there, folks.”
With 1,023 delegates to the Republican Party’s summer convention at stake Tuesday, it was mathematically impossible for McCain to capture the full 1,191 needed to win the nomination. But by late Tuesday evening, McCain had pulled far ahead with 525 delegates, to 223 for Romney and 145 for Huckabee, according to the Associated Press. Rep. Ron Paul of Texas ended the night with nine delegates.
Among the important contests coming up are Virginia and Maryland next Tuesday, Wisconsin and Washington a week later, and Ohio and Texas on March 4.
For Romney, who has portrayed himself as a more conservative alternative to McCain, the coast-to-coast voting proved to be a missed opportunity to stop McCain’s momentum.
Romney’s main obstacle appeared to be Huckabee. Exit polls conducted for television networks and the Associated Press found that Romney had an advantage with the party’s most conservative voters, notably those who see illegal immigration as the top issue facing the nation. But Huckabee ran strong among white evangelicals, a major conservative bloc.
“The two of them are splitting the conservative vote, and as long as they continue to do so, John McCain can shoot right up the middle,” said Republican strategist Dan Schnur, who worked for McCain’s 2000 presidential campaign but has been neutral in the 2008 race.
The voting capped a weeklong scramble across the country by McCain, Romney and Huckabee, following McCain’s Jan. 29 victory in Florida.
McCain spent much of his time in the Northeast, California and other states with many moderate Republican voters. At most stops, he emphasized national security, vowing to protect the country from Islamic terrorists. Campaigning in San Diego with Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger on Tuesday morning, he also mentioned steps he has taken in the Senate to fight global warming. “We’re going to give the people of California and our children and grandchildren a cleaner planet,” he told supporters at a San Diego airport rally.
Schwarzenegger was one of many GOP luminaries who have endorsed McCain in recent weeks. Others include former Govs. Pete Wilson and George Deukmejian of California and George Pataki of New York. McCain campaigned Tuesday morning with former New York Mayor Rudolph W. Giuliani, his erstwhile rival, in Manhattan.
The day’s first victory went to Huckabee, who won a vote of 1,133 Republicans at the state party convention in West Virginia. That came as a blow to Romney, who had taken a red-eye from Long Beach to Charleston, W.Va., to appeal for their support Tuesday morning. He told the crowd that he had fought in Massachusetts against abortion, gay marriage and gun control. “Every action I took was to protect life, protect family, protect marriage -- by the way, also to protect 2nd Amendment rights,” Romney said.
Romney drew the biggest share of votes on the first ballot but fell short of the majority. On the second ballot, McCain’s supporters defected to Huckabee, who leapfrogged past Romney to win with 51.5% of the vote.
“Unfortunately,” Romney campaign manager Beth Myers said, “this is what Sen. McCain’s inside Washington ways look like: He cut a backroom deal with the tax-and-spend candidate he thought could best stop Gov. Romney’s campaign of conservative change.”
For weeks, Romney has been casting McCain as a Washington insider, despite the senator’s maverick reputation.
On Tuesday, a Romney attack backfired when he shrugged off an effort by former Senate Majority Leader Bob Dole to get talk-radio personality Rush Limbaugh to stop challenging McCain’s conservative credentials.
“Well, it’s probably the last person I would have wanted to have write a letter for me,” Romney told Fox News.
After McCain demanded an apology, Romney backtracked, calling the GOP’s 1996 presidential nominee “a war hero, a fine man and a great leader of our party.”
Still, Romney got a lift from Focus on the Family founder James C. Dobson, who made scathing remarks about McCain on a radio show. “I am convinced Sen. McCain is not a conservative,” Dobson told listeners, “and in fact, has gone out of his way to stick his thumb in the eyes of those who are.” He also said McCain had “a legendary temper and often uses foul and obscene language.”
Times staff writers Seema Mehta in Boston, Maeve Reston in Phoenix, Richard Fausset in Atlanta and Stuart Silverstein in Los Angeles contributed to this report.
Begin text of infobox
Cumulative totals, including partial results from Tuesday
Associated Press projections at 11:45 p.m. Needed to win: 2,025 Democrats; 1,191 GOP
John McCain... 44%
Mitt Romney... 27%
Mike Huckabee... 12%