Los Angeles Times Publisher David D. Hiller resigned Monday after a 21-month tenure that encompassed the departures of two Times editors and plans for the sharpest staff and production cuts in the newspaper's history amid a continuing slide in advertising revenue.
Tribune Co. -- which owns The Times and other media assets, including the Chicago Tribune and KTLA-TV Channel 5, as well as the Chicago Cubs baseball team -- named no successor to Hiller.
Although newspapers across the country have been suffering severe revenue declines, The Times' performance under Hiller has been particularly disappointing. The paper has experienced the steepest drop in cash flow of any in the Tribune chain of 11 daily newspapers. Hiller also acquired a reputation among Tribune brass as an indecisive leader, according to senior Times executives; The Times has been without an advertising manager since February, for example.
Responding to the criticism of his management style, Hiller said, "It's fair to say that along with our colleagues here, we tried to make the decisions that were best for the paper."
A statement he e-mailed to Times staff suggested that he was ousted by Tribune Chairman and Chief Executive Sam Zell: "Sam's the boss and he gets to pick his own quarterback."
Tribune Chief Operating Officer Randy Michaels said he expected to name a new publisher by the end of the summer. In the interim, he said, he would oversee operations at The Times in tandem with Tribune Executive Vice President and Chief Administrative Officer Gerry Spector.
Hiller's departure came the day Times managers began implementing a newsroom cutback of 150 people, part of a paperwide reduction of 250. The newsroom layoffs represent about 17% of the editorial staff at the newspaper and its website.
The cuts were ordered in an effort to husband the newspaper's cash flow in an environment of declining advertising revenue, but they have triggered a debate -- similar to that raging throughout the newspaper industry -- over how they might affect the newspaper's ability to serve the community.
"The overall picture of what's happening to The Times is simply not good," said George Kieffer, a prominent Los Angeles attorney who has expressed concerns in the past about the effect of cutbacks on the newspaper's civic role.
"There has never been a time when Greater Los Angeles has been more in need of civic education, the central role of The Times," he said.
The announcement of Hiller's departure came the same day as the resignation of Ann Marie Lipinski, 52, as editor of the Chicago Tribune.
Lipinski will be replaced by Gerould W. Kern, 58, a former associate and deputy managing editor at the newspaper who has been vice president of editorial at the company's Tribune Publishing unit since 2003.
Lipinski said her last day at the newspaper would be Thursday. Her departure comes scarcely a week after the Chicago paper announced deep cuts in its staffing and number of weekly pages. But in a memo to her staff excerpted in the newspaper, she said of her decision to leave after seven years as editor that "it would be inaccurate to attribute it to any one event."
Hiller, 55, was the third Times publisher named since the newspaper was acquired in 2000 by Chicago-based Tribune. He succeeded Jeffrey M. Johnson, who lost his job after publicly resisting cost-cutting measures ordered by the parent company in October 2006. One month later, Hiller asked Editor Dean Baquet, who had joined with Johnson in opposing the cutbacks, to resign.
Baquet was replaced by James E. O'Shea, a longtime editor at the Chicago Tribune. O'Shea departed in January, also while protesting cuts ordered by corporate management.
By then, ownership of Tribune Co. had changed hands. The company was taken private in December in a debt-heavy $8.2-billion transaction led by Zell, a Chicago entrepreneur. The new management has struggled to maintain cash flow at the company's newspapers and 23 television stations amid a sharp nationwide slowdown in advertising, a crucial measure given its high leverage: The company's annual debt payments are close to $1 billion.
The Cubs and their landmark ballpark, Wrigley Field, are expected to fetch more than $1 billion for Tribune when they are sold, probably later this year. A $650-million sale of Newsday, the company's suburban New York daily newspaper, is pending. Proceeds from both transactions are likely to be used to pare debt.
Hiller took up his post at The Times in October 2006, fresh from a stint as publisher of the corporate flagship Chicago Tribune. Before that he had served Tribune Co. as senior vice president for development and then as head of Tribune Interactive, where he was responsible for the company's Internet strategy.
A lawyer, Hiller was a clerk for U.S. Supreme Court Justice Potter Stewart and for two years served at the Justice Department during the Reagan administration, where his colleagues included John G. Roberts Jr., the current chief justice, and former New York Mayor Rudolph W. Giuliani.
Hiller arrived in Los Angeles with a reputation as a personable and engaging executive with a predilection for singing in public from a repertoire of show tunes -- but with unmistakable orders from Chicago to keep a grip on the bottom line.
Nevertheless, his most prominent turns in the public eye were connected with the entertainment world. Soon after becoming publisher, Hiller expressed interest in singing the national anthem at a Dodgers or Angels game. He got his wish at Dodger Stadium last month, just as rumors of new staff cuts began to swirl about The Times' newsroom.
"David's tenure here was marked by unprecedented financial challenges and economic instability," Editor Russ Stanton said in a statement. "He was extremely supportive of our efforts to restructure our newsrooms for the long term, and he provided us with the resources that led to the enormous growth in readership of latimes.com. I wish him the very best. We look forward to working with his successor to keep the Los Angeles Times an indispensable institution that produces great journalism every day."