A day after handing in his resignation from Tesla Inc., a senior leader returned to work last September to tie up loose ends and say goodbye to his colleagues.
Word spread that the employee had resigned, leading Tesla Chief Executive Elon Musk to accost the worker, swearing at him and telling him to leave immediately, according to people with direct knowledge of the incident who asked not to be identified for fear of retribution.
Musk made physical contact with the staffer in a confrontation that drew the attention of other employees and spilled into a hallway and later the parking lot, the people said.
The employee told people that Musk had pushed him, an account corroborated by others with knowledge of the incident. Another person described it as a tap or light touch.
In either case, the incident got the attention of Tesla’s board, which said in a statement that it reviewed the matter and compiled accounts from witnesses. The board concluded there was no “physical altercation,” though it didn’t specifically address the allegation of physical contact or verbal haranguing.
Musk’s history of outbursts and “rage firings” are well documented, but the incident last September is a rare glimpse into how the board has had to grapple with his behavior. The directors are under pressure from the Securities and Exchange Commission and investors to increase their oversight of the CEO, though it risks alienating the man whose cult of personality is closely linked to Tesla’s maverick image.
The worker in the September incident declined to comment. He is not being named because other people agreed to talk about the episode if his name was withheld to protect him from retribution.
The events took place at Tesla’s delivery hub in Fremont, Calif., a few miles from its lone auto assembly plant. September was the final sprint in a frenzied third quarter during which Musk declared the company was in “delivery logistics hell” getting cars to customers. He had drawn regulatory scrutiny for a tweet suggesting he was taking Tesla private, then smoked pot during an appearance on a popular live-streamed podcast.
Executives were leaving in droves, and the board’s patience with its chairman, Musk, was being tested. On at least two other occasions within that 30-day period, Tesla dispatched workers after tongue-lashings from Musk.
So Musk was already under pressure when word got out that Friday that the worker planned to leave Tesla. The departure was one of several to roil the team that month, and one former colleague said the employee was “one of our best problem solvers and a great business mind.” Musk had set aggressive goals and was unhappy with the pace of deliveries.
Getting a backpack
In response to Musk’s shouts, the worker moved to get his backpack, but Musk physically blocked him, the people said. Musk told the worker to just get out, using a vulgar word, they recalled.
Outside, Musk again confronted him and continued to berate him, warning the employee that if he harmed Tesla, “I will nuke you,” according to one of the people with direct knowledge of the incident.
Other people said the warning was meant to keep the employee quiet about what had transpired that day. Tesla’s board declined to comment when specifically asked whether Musk threatened the employee.
Eventually, Musk’s chief of staff fetched the backpack and gave it to the employee, who left Tesla for good that day.
The employee contacted human resources, which led to the investigation into Musk’s actions.
“It is the board’s responsibility to take seriously any potential issues that come to our attention involving senior executives, no matter how small or how large,” the board said in an emailed statement. “In this instance we conducted a thorough review, which proved that there was never a physical altercation, a fact confirmed by multiple people who were present at the time.”
In a statement, Tesla said no “physical altercation” took place. Like the board, the company didn’t specifically address the allegation of physical contact or verbal upbraiding of the employee.
“Elon did exit an employee at our Fremont delivery center last year due to concerns about his performance, however there was no physical altercation whatsoever,” the company said. “Those reports are simply untrue as confirmed by numerous people that observed the incident first-hand.”
It’s not clear who led the investigation on behalf of Tesla’s board or when the review was completed.
Word of the incident, which several people witnessed, has traveled among current and former Tesla employees, several of whom say they remain afraid of their former boss.
Although the September incident is an extreme example, it reflects a description of Musk that is notorious among current staff and the growing diaspora of Tesla alumni: an inspiring but sometimes volatile leader, often driving employees to a breaking point.
Earlier in September, Musk confronted another employee. The CEO, standing close to the worker, loudly yelled at him in front of customers. Another manager, an Army veteran, stepped in to defend the visibly shaken employee, according to a person familiar with the matter.
Later, on an internal call attended by dozens of Tesla employees, Musk announced that the employee had been fired. The company had yet to alert the employee himself of his termination.
That same month, Tesla fired the Army veteran after she told Musk that the company would deliver only 80,000 vehicles in the third quarter instead of Musk’s desired 100,000, according to a person familiar with the matter. Musk had lambasted her as well.