Twitter and investors call a truce after attempt to oust CEO Jack Dorsey

Twitter CEO Jack Dorsey
(Francois Mori / Associated Press)

Twitter Inc. will appoint three new directors to its board and create a committee to review its leadership and governance, as part of an agreement with activist investor Elliott Management Corp. and private equity firm Silver Lake. The pact leaves Chief Executive Jack Dorsey in place.

Silver Lake will also make a $1-billion investment in the social media company, which Twitter plans to use to fund part of its first-ever share buyback, set at $2 billion.

Elliott’s head of U.S. activism, Jesse Cohn, will join Twitter’s board immediately alongside Egon Durban, co-chief executive of Silver Lake, the firms said in a joint statement. A third independent director will be appointed at a later date.

The board will also form a committee, including Cohn and Durban, that will evaluate a succession plan with Dorsey and make recommendations on the company’s corporate governance, including the potential elimination of its staggered board. The committee plans to share the results of its review by year’s end.


Twitter’s shares initially rose on the news, but they finished Monday down 3% at $32.46.

Elliott Management, the activist hedge fund led by Paul Singer, is pushing for CEO Jack Dorsey to be replaced after taking a $1-billion stake in Twitter.

The settlement comes a little more than a week after Bloomberg News first reported that Elliott took a sizable stake in Twitter to push for changes, including potentially replacing Dorsey. The New York-based firm nominated four directors to Twitter’s board, people familiar with the matter said at the time.

Elliott took issue with Dorsey dividing his time between running Twitter and his role as CEO of Square Inc., the payment company, the people said. Dorsey had also said he planned to spend up to six months of the year working in Africa, a plan he has since said he will reevaluate.


“As a board, we regularly review and evaluate how Twitter is run, and while our CEO structure is unique, so is Jack and so is this company,” Patrick Pichette, lead independent director of San Francisco-based Twitter, said in Monday’s statement.

As part of the deal, Twitter set a goal of hitting some tough performance metrics, including growing its base of monetized daily active users in 2020 and beyond by 20% or more, accelerating revenue growth on a year-over-year basis and gaining share in the digital advertising market.

If the company doesn’t perform well, Dorsey could still be replaced or investors could push for a sale of Twitter, according to people familiar with the matter, who asked to not be identified because the matter is private.

Durban, who became co-CEO of Silver Lake in December, first reached out to Dorsey directly after the initial Bloomberg News report on Elliott’s stake, the people said. Silver Lake has a long history with Elliott and Twitter, which it had looked at acquiring in the past.


Durban acted as a peacemaker of sorts, the people said, and agreed to invest $1 billion in the company, sit on its board and have Silver Lake’s operations team help improve Twitter’s performance. Durban is a supporter of Dorsey and believes the CEO cannot be swapped out immediately, they said.

Representatives for Silver Lake, Elliott and Twitter declined to comment.

The settlement is similar to ones Elliott has reached at other companies, including Citrix Systems Inc. and EBay Inc., where eventually CEOs at both companies were replaced.

Cohn was appointed to Citrix’s board in 2015 in conjunction with then-CEO Mark Templeton’s departure. Cohn was appointed to EBay’s board in January as part of a settlement with Elliott and fellow activist Starboard Value. Devin Wenig stepped down as EBay CEO in September after failing to grow the company’s marketplace platform and clashing with the board about not wanting to sell its classifieds business, people familiar with the matter said.


A lot of Twitter employees think Dorsey is doing a good job and his departure as CEO would be disruptive, according to Kevin Rippey, an analyst with Evercore ISI.

“The issues with Twitter aren’t related to management; they’re largely grounded in challenges around technical infrastructure,” Rippey said in an interview Monday.

Silver Lake’s investment will be made through Twitter’s 0.375% convertible bonds due in 2025. As part of Monday’s settlement, Elliott, which owns about a 4% stake in Twitter, and Silver Lake, have signed a standstill agreement.

“Twitter serves the public conversation, and our purpose has never been more important. Silver Lake’s investment in Twitter is a strong vote of confidence in our work and our path forward,” Dorsey said in the statement.


“We welcome the support of Egon and Jesse, and look forward to their positive contributions as we continue to build a service that delivers for customers, and drives value for stakeholders,” he added.