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Mortgage rates slip to record low 2.98% for a 30-year loan

A home with a sale sign in escrow.
Falling mortgage rates could stimulate even more demand for housing, real estate experts said.
(Genaro Molina / Los Angeles Times)

Mortgage rates are searching for the floor.

The average for a 30-year fixed-rate loan fell to 2.98%, slipping below a psychological threshold that could fuel even more demand for housing.

Rates dropped to their lowest level in almost 50 years of recordkeeping by Freddie Mac for the third straight week and the seventh time since the coronavirus outbreak began roiling financial markets.

The tumble came as the Federal Reserve holds its benchmark rate near zero and buys mortgage bonds as part of its plan to stimulate the economy.

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The low rates have propped up home prices and helped the housing market hold up better than expected amid the economic fallout from the pandemic.

“It’s not a silver bullet for the economic woes we’re experiencing, but it’s night-and-day different than what the housing market was looking like during the last recession,” said Ralph McLaughlin, chief economist for Haus, a co-investment platform for home buyers.

The lower borrowing costs have drawn a flood of applications for refinancing and new purchase loans as a wave of millennials age into homeownership.

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The dip below 3% could prompt even more Americans to apply for loans, said Mark Vitner, senior economist at Wells Fargo Securities.

“It’s psychologically important,” Vitner said. “For folks who aren’t aware mortgage rates are low, this should set off alarm bells.”

In May, when the Federal Reserve started buying lower-coupon mortgage securities, analysts predicted that rates could drop below 3%. Now, there’s speculation that the slide could continue.

This week, JPMorgan Chase & Co. Chief Executive Jamie Dimon said the costs of originating and servicing loans, including rules and regulations, are keeping rates high.

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“We’ve been very consistent that mortgages, believe it or not, are far more costly than they should be,” Dimon said on a conference call.

Despite the demand driven by low rates, risks abound in the housing market. With credit standards tightening amid high unemployment and fears that the economic recovery is stalling, some potential buyers won’t qualify for debt or could struggle to find homes in their price range.

In addition, the pandemic is peaking in much of the country, with a second wave expected this fall. And Congress may not extend the $600-a-week boost to unemployment benefits that’s set to end this month.

That could hamper what has been a relatively strong housing market, McLaughlin said.

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“Ultimately, the course of the virus is going to dictate the course of the housing market and the economy,” he said. “Housing is not going to be immune to a double-dip recession.”


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