‘Fat Leonard’ will not be a prosecution witness in Navy bribery trial

Leonard Glenn Francis, also known as Fat Leonard.
An undated photo of Leonard Glenn Francis, also known as Fat Leonard.
(Washington Post)

Leonard Glenn Francis, the military contractor better known as “Fat Leonard,” will not be called by the prosecution to testify against five former naval officers charged with accepting bribes from him, it was revealed in court Monday.

Prosecutors did not address why they are forgoing testimony from Francis, the mastermind of the long-running conspiracy, who has pleaded guilty and been cooperating with the government for years. Nor do they have to.

Francis, nicknamed for his physique, has billed himself as the prosecution’s star witness and has been biding his time under house arrest in San Diego waiting for a moment that is now unlikely to happen.

The five naval officers currently on trial are accused of accepting bribes — including the services of prostitutes, high-end hotel suites and lavish dinners — from Francis while in Southeast Asian ports. Francis’ Singapore-based business serviced visiting Navy ships, and he depended on certain officers’ influence and access to military intelligence to continue earning millions of dollars from Navy contracts.


Before the trial began Feb. 28, Francis’ name appeared on the prosecution’s list of 63 potential witnesses to call.

On Monday, prosecutors were asked by the judge to provide a list of their remaining witnesses to call — a list that was not disclosed publicly in court. But in unrelated oral legal arguments, the defense asserted that Francis’ name was not among the culled list of witnesses.

Francis’ attorney declined to comment Monday.

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Francis pleaded guilty in 2015, and his sentencing hearing has been postponed, pending the trial. He has been allowed to remain under house arrest while he is treated for cancer.

Francis could still be subpoenaed by the defense to testify. Even though he is a foreign national — a Malaysian living in Singapore — he is in custody in the United States and therefore subject to U.S. subpoena powers.

Francis was anticipated to be a bit of a loose cannon on the stand because of his intimate involvement in the scheme, axe to grind with the Navy and boastful air. That was on full display late last year, when he recorded a secret podcast with a former Wall Street Journal reporter that had him for the first time publicly speaking freely of the long-running scheme.

Francis shared several scintillating details in the podcast — including that he still has sex tapes of Navy officers locked away somewhere — which defense attorneys have said they would use to impeach him on the stand if called to testify. Francis’ reliability as a witness was hammered in the defense’s opening statements to the jury.


Monday’s latest witness list disclosure confirmed growing suspicion by defense attorneys that prosecutors were going to drop Francis from the lineup.

In a three-day evidentiary hearing on a separate issue last week — to determine whether prosecutors improperly withheld exculpatory evidence — defense attorneys repeatedly asked prosecutors why there was a last-minute effort in the weeks before trial to track down prostitutes who would be willing to come to San Diego to testify. The implication was that securing prostitutes’ testimony was a kind of Plan B to putting Francis on the stand.

In one heated exchange, Joseph Mancano, an attorney for the lead defendant, former Capt. David Newland, pressed the lead investigative agent as to whether Francis would be testifying.

“You’re telling me, as you sit here today, that you don’t know whether Leonard Francis is going to be called to testify?” Mancano asked. The agent repeated that he did not know.

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Ten prosecution witnesses have already been called during the first 10 weeks of trial. The prosecution estimates it will take two more weeks to present their side of the case. It wasn’t immediately clear how many more witnesses would be called, but they include former Navy Cmdrs. Stephen Shedd and Jose Sanchez, who have already pleaded guilty to bribery.

Francis’ testimony could have tacked several more days onto the trial. At one point early in the trial, attorney Todd Burns, who is defending former Capt. James Dolan, told the judge that the outline he had prepared for Francis’ cross-examination had reached 150 pages.

U.S. District Judge Janis Sammartino has urged attorneys to quicken the pace of the trial, which was already anticipated to be long but has lagged.

“Sharpen your pencils, both sides. You can do this in half the time, absolutely,” Sammartino said Friday.

Once the prosecution rests, attorneys for the five defendants anticipate roughly four weeks of trial, then a few days of closing arguments. The jury could be deliberating by mid-June.

The judge has yet to rule on forthcoming motions regarding the allegations of evidence mishandling and has ordered the trial to continue in the meantime while she waits for them to be filed and she takes time to consider them. Attorney Robert Boyce, who is defending former Capt. David Lausman, said he anticipated filing a motion for a mistrial later Monday, and prosecutors will have one week to respond.