Review: Identity transformed in the Fowler’s ‘Disguise: Masks and Global African Art’
“Disguise: Masks and Global African Art” is an exhibition about identity, which is unremarkable when questions of identity have been front and center for artists for more than a quarter-century.
What makes the show somewhat distinctive, though, is that it’s focused on contemporary iterations of an ancient tradition familiar to many cultures — classical Greek or Japanese Noh drama, annual American Halloween hysteria, adornments for Sepik River boats in Papua, New Guinea, and more. It is focused on masks. A mask can amplify identity, animate it, conceal it or provide a spiritual pathway for its wearer’s wholesale transformation.
The 10 artists at the center of the show, organized by the Seattle Art Museum and on view at the Fowler Museum at UCLA, mostly aim for transformation. Most were born or now work in the United States, but Kenya, South Africa, Nigeria, Great Britain, Japan and Canada are also home, past or present. Evoking personal heritage, African masks are their common touchstone.
Perhaps unexpectedly, so is technology. Beyond carved wood, woven raffia or shaped clay, most of these artists have employed cameras, both still and video, to construct their masks. Frequently, sophisticated digital programs are also brought into play.
The show’s two most compelling works are tech-heavy extravaganzas. Masking seems intrinsic to the experience of digitally savvy work by Saya Woolfalk and Jacolby Satterwhite.
Woolfalk, who was born in Japan, offers a room-size, pseudo-ritual diorama that has painted walls and platforms and is populated by elaborately masked and costumed mannequins. There are multiple video projections, primarily abstract, as well as a rhythmic electronic score.
The eccentric mannequins are cross-cultural. Elements of African and Buddhist style are woven into their colorful, hand-crafted robes. The assembly suggests masked female priests at a mysterious religious shrine with whirling pop mandalas where visions from beyond might safely land. Call it Transcendental Psychedelia, perhaps.
Buddhism is a teensy spiritual practice in Africa. The installation, titled “ChimaTEK: Avatar Download Station and Virtual Chimeric Space,” is a playful site for mashing up apparent contradictions and incongruities. The simplest is that traditional African masks are made by men, while Woolfalk’s whimsical installation was created with input from a fictional group of women. She calls them Empathics.
How (or even if) this was actually carried out is secondary. Being open to the thoughts and feelings of others — that is, being empathic — signals that Woolfalk’s concept of identity is neither monolithic nor static.
Nor does transformation involve shifting from one fixed state to another. Instead, she proposes that identity is porous and fluid.
That fluidity takes a wild, inventive and finally spellbinding leap in Satterwhite’s animated 3-D video, “Country Ball 1989-2012.” The artist emerges as a hip-hop Hieronymus Bosch.
When the Mariinsky Ballet performed “Cinderella” at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion on Oct. 8, even the wondrous Diana Vishneva as Cinderella couldn’t bring unity to the movement, but she danced with flawless, fearless authority. Read more >>(Lawrence K. Ho / Los Angeles Times)
Branden Jacobs-Jenkins leaves a rehearsal of his play “Appropriate,” opening Oct. 4 at the Mark Taper Forum, to eat first with a reporter, then later with his agent and some unspecified Hollywood people, who presumably hope to lure him away from the field and city where he has experienced meteoric success in the last five years. Read more >>(Al Seib / Los Angeles Times)
Soprano Abigail Fischer performs Oct. 7 in the opera “Songs from the Uproar” at REDCAT in Los Angeles.(Lawrence K. Ho / Los Angeles Times)
Moisés Kaufman’s muscular revival of “Bent,” which played at the Mark Taper Forum, opening on July 26, renders what many had written off as a parochial drama about the persecution of homosexuals in Nazi Germany into a gripping tale of love, courage and identity. Read review >>(Luis Sinco / Los Angeles Times)
Malaviki Sarukkai performing at the Broad Stage in Santa Monica on July 19, 2015. Sarukkai is the best-known exponent of South Indian classical dance.(Lawrence K. Ho / Los Angeles Times)
Bramwell Tovey conducts the L.A. Phil with pianist Garrick Ohlsson in Rachmaninoff’s Piano Concerto No. 3 at the Hollywood Bowl on July 14, 2015.(Lawrence K. Ho / Los Angeles Times)
Argentine dancer Herman Cornejo performs in the West Coast premiere of “Tango y Yo” as part of the Latin portion of BalletNow.(Michael Robinson Chavez / Los Angeles Times)
Jake Shears plays Greta in Martin Sherman’s play “Bent” at the Mark Taper Forum in Los Angeles through Aug. 23, 2015.(Luis Sinco / Los Angeles Times)
Dancers rehearse a one-night-only performance choregraphed by Raiford Rogers, one of L.A.'s most-noted choreographers. This year the dance will be to a new original score by Czech composer Zbynek Mateju.(Luis Sinco / Los Angeles Times)
Mia Sinclair Jenness, left, Mabel Tyler and Gabby Gutierrez alternate playing the title role in the musical adaptation of Roald Dahl’s “Matilda” at the Ahmanson Theatre. The three are shown during a day at Santa Monica Pier on June 16, 2015.(Christina House / For The Times)
American Contemporary Ballet Company members Zsolt Banki and Cleo Magill perform a dance routine originally done by Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers. This performance was presented as part of “Music + Dance: L.A.” on Friday, June 19, 2015.(Luis Sinco / Los Angeles Times)
Miguel, a Grammy-winning guitarist, producer, singer and lyricist, is photographed in San Pedro on Wednesday, June 10, 2015. His new album “Wildheart,” explores L.A.'s “weird mix of hope and desperation.”(Christina House / For The Times)
Los Angeles-born artist Mark Bradford is photographed in front of “The Next Hot Line.” This piece is part of his show “Scorched Earth,” installed at the Hammer Museum in Westwood, June 11, 2015.(Jay L. Clendenin / Los Angeles Times)
The Los Angeles Opera concluded its season with “The Marriage of Figaro,” with Roberto Tagliavini as Figaro and Pretty Yende as Susanna, at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion.(Lawrence K. Ho / Los Angeles Times)
“Trinket,” a monumental installation by Newark-born, Chicago-based artist William Pope.L, features an American flag that is 16 feet tall and 45 feet long. The work is on display at the Geffen Contemporary at MOCA through June 28.(Luis Sinco / Los Angeles Times)
Alex Knox, from left, Carolyn Ratteray, Lynn Milgrim and Paige Lindsey White in “Pygmalion” in spring 2015 at the Pasadena Playhouse.(Mariah Tauger / For The Times)
On March 17, Google celebrated the addition of more than 5,000 images to its Google Street Art project with a launch party at the Container Yard in downtown Los Angeles.(Michael Robinson Chavez / Los Angeles Times)
Ric Salinas, left, Herbert Siguenza and Richard Montoya, of the three-man Latino theater group Culture Clash, brought their “Chavez Ravine: An L.A. Revival” to the Kirk Douglas Theatre to mark the group’s 30th anniversary. The play ran from Feb. 4 through March 1.(Genaro Molina / Los Angeles Times)
The video’s scenario is nearly impossible to describe, except as 12 ½ minutes of rhythmic audio-visual noise incorporating a mind-bending phalanx of masked dancers, florid cake designs, business cards sliding into a giant wallet, picnic games, an enormous royal throne, Kentucky Fried Chicken packaging, a visit to a distant galaxy somewhere out in the Milky Way and more.
Infectious joy and laughter burbles on the musical soundtrack.
You would never know from watching, but Satterwhite started the wacky, visual tour-de-force with a group of drawings his mom made a quarter-century ago at a family Mother’s Day outing. According to the artist, he fed the drawings, some green-screen video of his masked body dancing and other assorted materials into 3-D animation programs.
He aptly characterizes the result as a fantastic “garden of earthly delights.” Satterwhite’s own identity dissolves into digital ether, where it gets reconstituted into something thoroughly, ecstatically imaginative.
These two works — Woolfalk’s installation and Satterwhite’s video — go furthest out on the masking limb that “Disguise” explores. Others are more modest, including conventional documentary and staged performance photographs by Wura-Natasha Ogunji and Zina Saro-Wiwa.
The show’s mask connection can also be rather loose, as in Emeka Ogboh’s ambient electronic music. He composed the gentle composition from traditional percussion and flute melodies used by Nigeria’s Igbo people during masked performances.
Nandipha Mntambo has made a wall relief from a spotted cowhide, its veiled reference to a hunting trophy — a male talisman — fused with crumpled forms that loosely suggest a haunted mask, itself the province of men. Since the artist is a woman, the implied transformation is doubled.
Nearby, a photograph casts Mntambo as a toreador — a classic Pablo Picasso role enacting grandiose masculinity. Slyly, she titled the self-portrait “Praça de Touros,” and a bull ring it is: She’s swathed herself in cowhide, becoming an artist as ritual predator and victim rolled into one.
Elsewhere, neon signage and security razor wire also turn up. The materials emphasize art’s urban orientation today.
Brendan Fernandes rendered the contours of traditional African masks in flashing hues to make pop-neon “wall drawings.” Commerce intrudes on spiritual traditions in what amounts to cheerful shop signs, as Fernandes wryly lampoons entrenched fantasies about so-called primitive art.
Walter Oltmann weaves elaborate full-size masks and doll-size models of body suits from aluminum or brass wire rather than natural materials. Sometimes dramatic loops of razor wire are worked into the tightly coiled composition, adding an element both decoratively elegant and emphatically defensive.
Historians often point to Picasso’s appropriation of African masks for the faces of prostitutes in his landmark 1907 painting “Les Demoiselles d’Avignon” an ambitious, even stunned response to Henri Matisse’s fierce “Blue Nude,” who reclines in a jungle setting. Together these paintings launched 20th century Modernism.
Usually cited as influential are the masks’ formal stylizations, which Picasso saw up-close in Paris’ ethnographic museum. But for the revolution that was underway in a thoroughly Modern conception of art there’s reason to suggest that African masks meant more than that.
“Disguise” smartly insists on two things. Not only were the powerfully inventive styles of African masks a key to Western art’s transformation; so were those masks’ formidable, identity-altering functions — which are still operative today.
‘Disguise: Masks and Global African Art’
Where: UCLA Fowler Museum, 308 Charles E. Young Drive N., Los Angeles
When: Through March 13; closed Mondays and Tuesdays
Info: (310) 825-4361, www.fowler.ucla.edu
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