If you sing karaoke, you’ve probably performed “American Girl.” If you play guitar, you’ve likely strummed “Learning to Fly.”
And if you’ve driven a car while celebrating some personal achievement or another, you’ve almost certainly belted out “Free Fallin’” at the top of your lungs as you drummed the steering wheel, just like Tom Cruise in that indelible scene from “Jerry Maguire.”
That’s how widely the music of Tom Petty reached over the course of his decades-long career, which came to an unexpected close when this most universally beloved of classic rockers died at age 66 after he suffered cardiac arrest at his home in Malibu.
The singer, guitarist and songwriter — who thrilled tens of thousands of fans just last month in an acclaimed three-night stand at the Hollywood Bowl with his longtime backing band, the Heartbreakers — was perhaps the quintessential American rock star, with an iconic shades-and-long-hair look, a nasal voice gloriously unsuited to any other genre and a seemingly bottomless bag of tunes that felt as though he’d written them to soundtrack the specifics of your life.
Petty even had a song — a great one, from his stripped-down 1994 solo album “Wildflowers” — about how hard it is to explain your feelings to another person, despite the fact that that’s precisely what his music did for a diverse audience that spanned generations and encompassed folks from various walks of life.
In his typical plainspoken fashion, he called the tune “You Don’t Know How It Feels.”
Born and raised in Florida, where he started out with the band Mudcrutch, Petty didn’t take long to hit his stride after he moved to Los Angeles in the mid-1970s and relaunched Mudcrutch as Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers.
The group’s self-titled debut, released in 1976, contained two of his most enduring songs in “American Girl” and “Breakdown,” both of which showcased his ability to synthesize the music of his influences — from Little Richard to Elvis Presley to the Beatles to Johnny Cash — in original material as catchy as it was emotionally legible.
“She was an American girl raised on promises,” he sang over a jittery yet irresistible groove, “She couldn’t help thinking that there was a little more life somewhere else.”
Who couldn’t relate to the hope, and the threat of disappointment, in lines like those?
Three years later, the Heartbreakers found commercial success to match their easy likability with 1979’s “Damn the Torpedoes,” which sold millions and spawned additional rock radio staples like “Refugee” and “Don’t Do Me Like That.”
Many of the performances and highlights of Tom Petty’s career.(Handout)
Rock and roll legend Tom Petty is photographed in the studio of his L.A. area home.(Jay L. Clendenin / Los Angeles Times)
Before he created the Heartbreakers, Tom Petty played in the band Mudcrutch. From left are Mudcrutch members Mike Campbell, Petty, Tom Leadon and Randall Marsh in December 1974.( Jim McCrary / Redferns / Getty)
Tom Petty performs at the Inglewood Forum on Jan. 20, 1980.(George Rose / Los Angeles Times)
Tom Petty tries to get the crowd involved at a November 1979 performance in New York.(George Rose / Los Angeles Times)
Tom Petty performs with Stevie Nicks, left, at the Forum in 1981.(Gary Friedman / Los Angeles Time)
Tom Petty plays in Santa Monica on June 7, 1978.(Marianna Diamos / Los Angeles Times)
Tom Petty at his home on April 28, 1985.(Iris Schneider/Los Angeles Times)
Tom Petty on stage for a soundcheck in Burbank during a May 1987 tour.(Ellen Jascol / Los Angeles Times)
Tom Petty in concert in July 1979 in Santa Cruz.(George Rose / Los Angeles Times)
Tom Petty at a Santa Cruz concert in July 1979.(George Rose / Los Angeles Times)
Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers in Irvine on Aug. 14, 2005.(Karl Walter / Getty Images)
Tom Petty at a 1977 concert.(Los Angeles Times)
Tom Petty holds up the key to the city of Gainesville, Fla., he received from Mayor Pegeen Hanrahan in 2006. From left are drummer Steve Ferrone, guitarist Scott Thurston, Petty and bassist Ron Blair.(Tracy Wilcox / Associated Press)
Tom Petty is interviewed in 1996.(Bob Carey / Los Angeles Times)
Tom Petty on April 26, 1977.(Los Angeles Times)
Tom Petty, third from the left, touches the star he and his band, the Heartbreakers received on the Hollywood Walk of Fame on April 28, 1999.(Vince Bucci / AFP/Getty Images / )
Tom Petty, second from right, also played in the short-lived supergroup the Traveling Wilburys. Clockwise from top left, are Jeff Lynne, Petty, George Harrison, Bob Dylan and Roy Orbison in 1988.(Neal Preston / Wilbury Records)
Tom Petty performs during a sold-out concert at the Inglewood Forum on Jan. 20, 1980.(George Rose / Los Angeles Times)
Tom Petty performs in Copenhagen in September 1987.(Jan Persson / Redferns / Getty Images)
Mike Campbell, left, Tom Petty, Stan Lynch, Benmont Tench and Howie Epstein of Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers on Nov. 28, 1993.(Caroline Greyshock / Los Angeles Times)
From left, Tom Petty, Johnny Cash, producer Rick Rubin and Marty Stuart work in a recording studio in Van Nuys in 1996.(Kevin Estrada / Retna )
Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers perform at Pine Knob Music Theater in Clarkston, Mich., on June 18, 1999.(Paul Warner / Associated Press)
Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers perform at the SFX Verizon Wireless Amphitheater in San Antonio on May 19, 2001.(Tom Reel / San Antonio Express-News / Associated Press)
Mike Campbell, left, Tom Petty and Tom Leadon of Mudcrutch perform at the Troubadour in West Hollywood on May 1, 2008.(Tim Mosenfelder / Getty Images)
Tom Petty performs during the Hangout Music Festival on May 18, 2013, in Gulf Shores, Ala.(Skip Bolen / WireImage/Getty Images)
Tom Petty in the studio of his L.A.-area home on June 30, 2014.(Jay L. Clendenin / Los Angeles Times)
Members of Mudcrutch, from left, Benmont Tench, Mike Campbell, Randall Marsh, Tom Leadon and Tom Petty at Warner Bros. Records in Burbank on April 7, 2016.(Brian van der Brug / Los Angeles Times)
Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers play the Arroyo Seco Weekend festival in Pasadena on June 24, 2017.(Luis Sinco / Los Angeles Times)
Tom Petty at his home in Malibu on Sept. 27, 2017.(Genaro Molina / Los Angeles Times)
Tom Petty at his Malibu home on Sept. 27, 2017.(Genaro Molina / Los Angeles Times)
Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers play the Hollywood Bowl on Sept. 21, 2017.(Luis Sinco / Los Angeles Times)
Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers at the Hollywood Bowl on Sept. 21, 2017.(Luis Sinco / Los Angeles Times)
Petty himself became a sharp-featured heartthrob in 1981 when he duetted with Stevie Nicks of Fleetwood Mac in “Stop Draggin’ My Heart Around,” a tune Nicks famously swiped from Petty for her first solo album, “Bella Donna.”
Yet if Petty burned bright from the beginning, he maintained a consistency over the next couple of decades that made him the envy of even his idols — several of whom, including Bob Dylan and George Harrison, he joined in the late-’80s supergroup the Traveling Wilburys.
His continued relevance derived in part from Petty’s facility for the then-emerging art of music video; some of the singer’s elaborately designed clips, such as those for “Don’t Come Around Here No More” (a creepy riff on “Alice in Wonderland”) and “Free Fallin’” (with its swooping crane shot over Ventura Boulevard) are still among the most recognizable of the MTV era.
Crucially, though, those updates of the Heartbreakers’ style never came off as desperate or opportunistic. In the same way that he could write about California without alienating listeners elsewhere — think of the countless Midwesterners who’ve hoisted beers as they sing about “all the vampires walking through the Valley” — Petty roped in fresh listeners while holding onto his core.
At June’s Arroyo Seco Weekend festival in Pasadena, which he headlined, Petty played to a crowd clearly filled with people who’d discovered him at different points. Yet nobody’s enthusiasm came at the expense of anybody else’s; fans had their favorites, but they’d come to hear it all — including new stuff.
Petty’s stint at the Bowl wrapped up a long tour meant to celebrate the Heartbreakers’ 40 years together. But in addition to the classics he did every night, Petty routinely played “Forgotten Man,” a noisy portrait of a guy in pain from his most recent album, 2014’s “Hypnotic Eye.” It was just one of the vivid tunes Petty wrote and recorded years after many in his position would’ve stopped searching for inspiration.
Indeed, Petty’s many admirers long ago helped secure his status as an influence nearly on par with those he looked up to.
Even Sam Smith, the moody English soul singer, revised the writing credits for his Grammy-winning “Stay With Me” to reflect the song’s debt to Petty’s supple melody from “I Won’t Back Down.” (Petty himself had been accused earlier of cribbing from the Jayhawks and the Replacements.)
On his website at the time of the Smith incident, Petty struck a forgiving tone in regard to what he called the younger singer’s “musical accident.”
“All my years of songwriting have shown me these things happen,” he wrote, and it was easy to believe Petty held no ill will. More than most, he understood that the value of a song lies in how far it travels.