How to use a Persian rice cooker
Allow me to introduce you to every Iranian home cook’s secret weapon: the Persian rice cooker, or what I affectionately refer to as my “cheat pot.” Just about every Iranian home cook I know relies on this appliance on a weekly basis. The beauty of this rice cooker is that it takes the guessing, and anxiety, out of turning out the crunchiest, golden tahdig. However, this method is only possible specifically in an Iranian rice cooker. Please don’t try this with any other type of rice cooker. Each model will have different settings, but generally it takes about an hour to turn out a crunchy white rice tahdig. Brown rice takes slightly longer. You can also prepare mixed rice dishes or various types of tahdig in this rice cooker. Use the recipe below as a guide; it might take a couple of tries to get acquainted with your rice cooker.
Each rice cooker will have a minimum amount of rice that must be used. The measurements below are for a 5-cup or larger rice cooker and the rice measurements are for a standard measuring cup, not the cup included with the rice cooker (which measures ¾ of a standard cup). Also, be very careful with washing and storing the bowl insert of the rice cooker as it is nonstick and can scratch easily. Always use a soft sponge to wash it, never use a metal serving utensil, and line the bottom of the bowl with paper towels before storing it away. If anything happens to the bowl insert, you can purchase a new insert without having to buy a whole new rice cooker.
Persian Rice Cooker Tahdig
1 hour. Serves 6.
- 3 cups white basmati rice, rinsed and drained
- 1 tablespoon kosher salt (or 2 teaspoons finely ground sea salt)
- ¼ cup plus 1 tablespoon extra-virgin olive oil
- Place the rice, salt, oil and 4 cups cold water in the bowl of a Persian rice cooker. Give it a gentle stir with a wooden spoon, cover, and turn on the cooker to max/60 minutes.
- When the cooker timer goes off and the rice is done, unplug the cooker. Wearing oven mitts, place a platter larger than the rice cooker bowl over the bowl insert. Lift the bowl out and quickly and confidently flip the bowl and platter together. Lift off the bowl slowly to reveal the tahdig on top. Serve immediately: The tahdig loses its crunch if it sits too long, so dig in right away.
Note: Recipe adapted from “Bottom of the Pot: Persian Recipes and Stories”(Flatiron Books)
(Chicken and Green Beans with Tahdig Rice)
45 minutes. Serves 4 to 6.
“Polo” refers to mixed-rice dishes in Persian cuisine, where you prepare a mix of vegetables, herbs, fruits, legumes or meats, and then layer the mix with par-cooked rice and finish cooking them together. Typically this dish, Loobia Polo, is prepared with red meat and similar seasonings, but I prefer this lighter mix of cinnamon- and saffron-scented chicken and green beans.
Serve Loobia Polo with a side of plain yogurt or a cucumber-and-yogurt mix topped with dried edible rose petals.
Ingredients for the chicken:
- 2 tablespoons tomato paste
- ⅛ teaspoon saffron threads (a small pinch)
- ¼ cup extra-virgin olive oil, plus more
- 1 medium yellow onion, finely chopped
- 12 ounces green beans, trimmed and cut into ½ -inch pieces
- Kosher salt
- 1 pound boneless, skinless chicken thighs, cut into ½-inch cubes
- 1 teaspoon ground turmeric
- 1 teaspoon ground cumin
- ¾ teaspoon ground cinnamon
- ¼ teaspoon finely ground black pepper
- 2 tablespoons fresh lemon juice, plus more
Ingredients for the rice:
- 1 ½ cups white basmati rice, rinsed well and drained
- 3 tablespoons extra-virgin olive oil
- 1 ½ teaspoons kosher salt
- Prepare the chicken: Bring ¾ cup water to a boil. Pour ½ cup into a small bowl and stir in the tomato paste until dissolved. Place the saffron threads in a small mortar and pestle and grind to a fine powder. Transfer to a small bowl and add 2 tablespoons of the just-boiled water. Reserve both bowls and the remaining boiled water.
- Heat the olive oil in a large saucepan over medium heat. Add the onion, sprinkle with a small pinch of salt, and cook, stirring occasionally, until golden, 8 to 10 minutes. It’s OK if the onion takes on some color. Add the green beans and 1 ½ teaspoons salt, and cook, stirring occasionally, until the green beans soften slightly, 6 to 8 minutes. If the pan gets too dry, drizzle in more olive oil. Take care not to burn the green beans but also take care that the beans maintain their shape and do not turn soft and mushy.
- Add the chicken, turmeric, cumin, cinnamon, pepper and 1 ½ teaspoons salt. Cook, stirring occasionally, until the chicken takes on a little color, about 3 minutes. Add the lemon juice and reserved tomato-paste water and saffron water. There’s most likely saffron clinging to the sides of your bowl. Drizzle in a little of the reserved 2 tablespoons water, swish it around and add to the mixture. This is precious stuff. Stir everything to combine. Reduce the heat to medium-low and cook at a gentle simmer until the chicken and green beans are just cooked through and all the flavors come to life, about 15 minutes. Taste to make it delicious. More salt? A little more lemon juice? The mix should be juicy but not too runny because it will get combined with the rice. Remove from the heat and partially cover until ready to mix with the rice.
- While the chicken simmers, prepare the rice: Place the rice, olive oil, salt, and 1 ½ cups water in the bowl of a 5-cup Persian rice cooker. Give it a gentle stir with a wooden spoon, cover, and turn on the cooker to max/60 minutes. Once all the water has been absorbed (it’s OK to lift the lid to check), around the 30-minute mark, unplug the rice cooker to pause the cooking. Gently scoop out the rice in the center into a wide bowl without disturbing the bottom layer (this is the tahdig), leaving a 1-inch-thick layer of rice against the bottom and around the sides. Gently fold the chicken mix into the rice in the wide bowl and return to the rice pot one spoonful at a time with care, so that the rice grains don’t break and turn mushy. It might seem like there is more mix than rice, but don’t worry, the rice will expand in the second phase of cooking.
- Wrap the lid of the rice pot with a clean kitchen towel or a couple of layers of paper towels to catch the condensation. Place the lid firmly back on and plug the rice cooker back in. When the cooker timer goes off and the rice is done, unplug the cooker. Wearing oven mitts, place a platter larger than the rice cooker bowl over the bowl insert. Lift the bowl out and quickly and confidently flip the bowl and platter together. Lift off the bowl slowly to reveal the tahdig on top. There may be darker spots in the tahdig from the tomato paste, which are perfectly fine and quite delectable. Serve immediately: The tahdig loses its crunch if it sits too long, so dig in right away.
Note: This recipe is for a 5-cup Persian rice cooker. If you don’t have one, you can make rice in a pot and the chicken mix as above, then fold the two together to finish cooking together for a bit. This doesn’t give you the tahdig crunchy rice layer but it works with any rice pot. If you want to attempt a option without the rice cooker, follow the method above using a nonstick pot on the stovetop, increasing the rice cooking oil to 5 tablespoons.
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