The clashes that broke out over the weekend at a white nationalist rally in Charlottesville, Va., have become a new touchstone in the nation’s long-running debate over racism, free speech and violence.
One woman was killed and many more injured when a car, allegedly driven by a rally participant, sped into a crowd of anti-racism protesters. Two state troopers monitoring the action died in a helicopter crash later in the day, though no foul play was suspected.
The event quickly took on enormous political importance as Democrats and Republicans alike denounced the violence and the white supremacist views espoused at the far-right rally. President Trump has also denounced the racist groups, but he suggests that anti-racism counter-demonstrators share some of the blame. On Tuesday, he said “both sides” were responsible for the bloodshed.
What actually happened?
Here are several first-hand accounts of Saturday’s events in Charlottesville, collected from journalists, protesters and far-right ralliers who have published their accounts of what they saw that day.
Charlottesville Daily Progress photographer Ryan Kelly: “I hitched a ride with my editor downtown, and I started wandering the mall. There were groups on both sides scattered. There were a few small fights that broke out from time to time. People were throwing stuff at each other. A few people were beating on each other.”
BuzzFeed News reporter Blake Montgomery: “Most white supremacist and Nazi groups arrived armed like a paramilitary force — carrying shields, protective gear, rods and, yes, lots of guns, utilizing Virginia’s loose firearm laws. They used militarized defensive maneuvers, shouting commands at one another to ‘move forward’ or ‘retreat,’ and would form a line of shields or a phalanx — it’s like they watched ‘300’ a few times — to gain ground or shepherd someone through projectiles. It seemed that they had practiced for this.”
Police stand watch near the statue of Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee in the center of Emancipation Park the day after the Unite the Right rally devolved into violence in Charlottesville. White nationalists had gathered in the city Saturday, in part, to protest the removal of the statue.(Chip Somodevilla / Getty Images)
People mourn Sunday at a memorial to 32-year-old Heather Heyer of Charlottesville, who was killed the day before when a car plowed into a crowd of people protesting against a white nationalist rally.(Chip Somodevilla / Getty Images)
Women hug as they bring flowers and balloons to the corner of Fourth and Water streets, where a car sped into a crowd of counter-protesters, killing one person and injuring dozens at a white nationalist rally in Charlottesville.(Tasos Katopodis / European Pressphoto Agency)
A woman places flowers at a memorial on Sunday for 32-year-old Heather Heyer, who was killed when a car plowed into a crowd of people in Charlottesville, Va., the day before.(Chip Somodevilla / Getty Images)
Virginia Gov. Terry McAuliffe, center, prays with Alvin Edwards, pastor of Mt. Zion First African Baptist Church, on Sunday in Charlottesville, a day after violence errupted around the Unite the Right rally, a gathering of white nationalists.(Chip Somodevilla / Getty Images)
Mourners hug as they bring flowers and balloons to the corner of Fourth and Water streets, where a car plowed into a crowd of counter-protesters in Charlottesville, Va., on Saturday.(Tasos Katopodis / European Pressphoto Agency)
Police stand watch Sunday near the statue of Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee in the center of Emancipation Park in Charlottesville, Va. White nationalists rallied in the city in part to protest the pending removal of the statue.(Chip Somodevilla / Getty Images)
Authorities work near the scene of a deadly helicopter crash near Charlottesville, Va., where white nationalists had gathered for one of their largest rallies in at least a decade.(Shelby Lum / Associated Press)
People gather for a vigil in Charlottesville, Va., after Saturday’s violence.(Tasos Katopodis / EPA)
People fly into the air as a vehicle drives into a group of protesters demonstrating against a white nationalist rally in Charlottesville, Va. The nationalists were holding the rally to protest plans by the city of Charlottesville to remove a statue of Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee.(Ryan M. Kelly / AP)
A vehicle drives into a group of protesters in Charlottesville, Va. The mayor said at least one person was killed.(Ryan M. Kelly / AP)
Rescue personnel help injured people after a car ran into a large group of protesters after a white nationalist rally in Charlottesville, Va.(Steve Helber / AP)
People receive first aid after a car plowed into a crowd of protesters in Charlottesville, Va.(Paul J. Richards / AFP/Getty Images)
People receive first aid after a car drove into a crowd of protesters in Charlottesville, VA.(Paul J. Richards / AFP/Getty Images)
People receive first aid after a car ran into a crowd of protesters in Charlottesville, VA.(Paul J. Richards / AFP/Getty Images)
People receive first aid after a car ran into a crowd of protesters in Charlottesville, Va.(Paul J. Richards / AFP/Getty Images)
A counter-protester hurls a newspaper box toward white nationalists, neo-Nazis and members of the alt-right during the Unite the Right rally outside Lee Park in Charlottesville, Va.(Chip Somodevilla / Getty Images)
White nationalists, neo-Nazis and members of the alt-right are forced out of Lee Park after the Unite the Right rally was declared an unlawful gathering in Charlottesville, Va.(Chip Somodevilla / Getty Images)
White nationalist demonstrators use shields as they guard the entrance to Lee Park in Charlottesville, Va.(Steve Helber / Associated Press)
White nationalists, neo-Nazis and members of the “alt-right” clash with counter-protesters as they enter Lee Park during the “Unite the Right” rally in Charlottesville, Va., on Saturday, Aug. 12, 2017.(Chip Somodevilla / Getty Images)
White nationalists, neo-Nazis and members of the “alt-right” clash with counter-protesters during a rally in Charlottesville, Va.(Chip Somodevilla / Getty Images)
As far-right groups gathered for one of their largest demonstrations in at least a decade, counter-protesters squared off and brawls began.(Chip Somodevilla / Getty Images)
A man makes a slashing motion across his throat toward counter-protesters while marching with other white nationalists, neo-Nazis and members of the “alt-right” during a rally in Charlottesville, Va.(Chip Somodevilla / Getty Images)
White nationalist demonstrators clash with counter-protesters at the entrance to Lee Park in Charlottesville, Va.(Steve Helber / AP)
White nationalists, neo-Nazis and members of the “alt-right” square off against counter-protesters on Saturday, Aug. 12, 2017, in Charlottesville, Va.(Chip Somodevilla / Getty Images)
A man kicks a protest sign during the “Unite the Right” rally in Charlottesville, Va.(Chip Somodevilla / Getty Images)
White nationalist demonstrators accost counter-protesters during a rally in Charlottesville, Va.(Steve Helber / AP)
Hundreds of white nationalists, neo-Nazis and members of the “alt-right” are confronted by counter-protesters as they march down East Market Street toward Lee Park during the “United the Right” rally in Charlottesville, Va.(Chip Somodevilla / Getty Images)
Counter-protesters rally against the “Unite the Right” demonstration in Charlottesville, Va.(Chip Somodevilla / Getty Images)
Hunter Wallace, a far-right blogger at Occidental Dissent: “The streets were not barricaded. Violent antifa [anti-fascists] were not penned in their own area as per our agreement with the Charlottesville Police Department, but were roaming the streets and blocking the entrance to Lee Park. They immediately launched an attack on our group with mace, pepper spray, bricks, sticks and foul liquids. The police stood idly by on the sidelines while a brawl was allowed to ensue. We had to fight our way into Lee Park and dozens of our people were injured by mace and pepper spray as we marched through the gauntlet.”
“Marcus Cicero,” another far-right blogger at Occidental Dissent: “Now, to begin Saturday’s rally, the League of the South assembled at an area only a few blocks from Lee Park – I myself was one of the shield men. As we advanced down the street toward the park, I immediately noticed a horde of Antifa, BLM terrorists, and other assorted genetic refuse ready and willing to block the street leading up to our destination.”
Matt Parrott of Traditionalist Youth Network, a white supremacist group: “With a full-throated rebel yell, the League broke through the wall of degenerates and TradWorker managed to enter the Lee Park venue itself while they were largely still reeling. Michael Tubbs, an especially imposing League organizer towered over and pushed through the antifa like a Tyrannosaurus among raptors as league fighters with shields put their training to work.”
Washington Post reporter Joe Heim: “Counter-protesters fought back, also swinging sticks, punching and spraying chemicals. Others threw balloons filled with paint or ink at the white nationalists. Everywhere, it seemed violence was exploding. The police did not move to break up the fights.”
Washington Post reporter Joe Heim: “Although Virginia State Police and Charlottesville police were stationed along the sides and the rear of Emancipation Park, the Market Street side was unattended. As it filled with rally-goers and counter-protesters, the mix quickly became volatile. The two sides screamed at each other. ‘[Expletive] … Nazis!’ the counter-protesters chanted. ‘[More expletives]’ was the response from the park where the rally-goers stood behind metal barricades.”
Jordan Green in the Nation, a leftist publication: “A phalanx of black-helmeted white supremacists — members of the Traditionalist Workers Party, Identity Evropa, American Vanguard, and other hate warriors — commanded the steps at the southeast corner of the park, repelling attempted incursions by Wobblies, communists, and a multiracial cast of irregulars eager to fight back. Water bottles and other projectiles flew in both directions, while police tear-gas canisters thudded into an adjacent parking lot, oftentimes lobbed back into the park by plucky leftists.”
Unicorn Riot: “Police then pushed the white supremacists out of Emancipation Park, and closed the park.... Unable to continue rallying in the park, the white supremacists took to the streets, where they were quickly followed and confronted by anti-racists. Several more extremely violent fights took place, with police looking on from their nearby substation.”
BuzzFeed News reporter Blake Montgomery: “The opposition was largely winging it, preferring to establish bases in other parks with water, coffee, food, first aid and comfort. Conflict would start much the same as it has at other alt-right rallies: two people, one from each side, screaming, goading each other into throwing the first punch.”
University of Virginia student Isabella Ciambotti: “I was on Market Street around 11:30 a.m. when a counter-protester ripped a newspaper stand off the sidewalk and threw it at alt-right protesters. I saw another man from the white supremacist crowd being chased and beaten. People were hitting him with their signs. A much older man, also with the alt-right group, got pushed to the ground in the commotion. Someone raised a stick over his head and beat the man with it, and that’s when I screamed and ran over with several other strangers to help him to his feet.”
Leftist anti-fascist organizers from Washington, D.C.: “Before the attack occurred, we chased the Nazis out of their park, removing their platform. They were on the move toward a community with many people of color. We mobilized to intercept. We were at our most powerful, all of us together chanting with enthusiastic support from the people of Charlottesville. That was the moment that we were attacked.”
Los Angeles Times account of the car attack by special correspondent Robert Armengol in Charlottesville: By early afternoon, hundreds of counter-protesters had amassed two blocks south of Emancipation Park, in downtown Charlottesville. They began marching down the middle of Water Street, near the city’s pedestrian mall. The white nationalists, for the time being, seemed to have dispersed. Some of the armed militia members had just driven away in vans and pickup trucks.
The crowd was jubilant. Demonstrators waved flags calling for solidarity and they chanted anti-racist slogans, declaring, “Whose streets? Our streets!” and “Black lives matter!” They hooted, played on drums and blew horns. One man dressed in a clown suit with rainbow-colored suspenders held aloft a poster that read, simply, “SHAME.”
A police helicopter flew overhead in the clear sky. It was about 2 p.m.
At East Fourth Street, the crowd veered left and headed back toward the Main Street mall, up a slight incline on a narrow one-lane road, flanked on either side by commercial buildings. The front of the march had advanced less than half a block before a gray sports car appeared, moving south toward the demonstrators.
The car and its driver, hidden behind tinted windows, advanced slowly at first. [Police have since identified the driver as James A. Fields, 20, of Ohio, who was previously seen marching with Vanguard America, a fascist group.] Then, just a few feet in front of protesters, the vehicle accelerated suddenly, plowing into at least a dozen people in a gut-wrenching crash, sending bodies, shoes and personal belongings flying through the air.
Victims cried out in pain while onlookers howled in shock and ran from the scene, yelling for medical help. “Oh my God,” someone screamed. “He mowed down everybody.”
Within seconds, the sports car, its front-end mangled, changed course and screeched backward up the street, disappearing around a corner at the next block up as a bystander yelled, “Get off the street! Get off the street!”
Charlottesville Daily Progress photographer Ryan Kelly: “If that car had come through 20 seconds earlier, I would have been in the middle of the road, and I would have had my back to him. I wouldn’t have seen him coming at all. Honestly, I’m still processing that. It’s been such a crazy 24 hours that I haven’t been able to sit and absorb it. That was the first thing that went through my head a couple hours after I was done processing images. I was right where the car went, and I am very fortunate.”
Follow me on Twitter: @mattdpearce