Delvin Barnes, who is accused of kidnapping 22-year-old Carlesha Freeland-Gaither in Philadelphia this month, was indicted Wednesday in the case.
The indictment by a federal grand jury says Barnes "knowingly, willfully and unlawfully seized, confined, kidnapped, abducted, carried away and held [her] … for the purpose of gaining a personal benefit" and transported the victim across state lines, from Pennsylvania to Maryland.
If convicted, Barnes faces a maximum sentence of life in prison, according to the U.S. attorney's office.
Police have said that on Nov. 2, 37-year-old Barnes grabbed Freeland-Gaither, who struggled and kicked out a car window on a widely seen surveillance video.
Barnes was arrested Nov. 5 after police found him lying next to Freeland-Gaither in the backseat of his Ford Taurus in Jessup, Md.
Days earlier, authorities in Virginia had used DNA evidence to link Barnes to the brutal kidnapping and rape of a 16-year-old Richmond girl and issued a warrant on six felony counts for his arrest.
Times staff writer Christine Mai-Duc contributed to this report.