Workers arrive at the Lincoln Memorial on the eve of Thursday’s Fourth of July celebration in Washington, D.C. President Trump will deliver a speech at the memorial with military hardware on display, including tanks, and flyovers by military aircraft.(Mark Wilson / Getty Images)
Workers install red, white and blue bunting in front of Lincoln Memorial ahead of Thursday’s Fourth of July celebration.(Mark Wilson / Getty Images)
A member of the Code Pink activist group holding a sign opposing the military display planned for the Fourth of July celebration in Washington on Thursday poses in front of a Bradley fighting vehicle.(Alastair Pike / AFP/Getty Images)
U.S. soldiers prepare a Bradley fighting vehicle for display in front of the Lincoln Memorial in preparation for Fourth of July celebration in Washington, D.C.(Brendan Smialowski / AFP/Getty Images)
A worker cleans a partition around the stage in front of the Lincoln Memorial where President Trump will speak during the Fourth of July celebration.(Mark Wilson / Getty Images)
A Bradley fighting vehicle towed in on a trailer near the Lincoln Memorial in Washington.(Andrew Harnik / Associated Press)
An Abrams tank hauled in by rail is hosed down en route to Fourth of July celebrations in Washington, D.C.(Mark Wilson / TNS)
The military hardware is moving into place. So are the protesters. And, ever the showman, President Trump is promising the “show of a lifetime” on the National Mall for the Fourth of July.
Trump is marshaling tanks, bombers and other machinery of war for this year’s Independence Day celebration. It’s an event that is traditionally light on military might, and critics have accused the president of using the U.S. military as a political prop.
Trump pushed back Wednesday against complaints about the cost of the extravaganza, tweeting that the expenses “will be very little compared to what it is worth.”
Under White House direction, the Pentagon was scrambling to arrange for an Air Force B-2 stealth bomber and other warplanes to conduct flyovers of the celebration on the National Mall. There will be Navy F-35 and F-18 fighter jets, the Navy Blue Angels aerial acrobatics team, Army and Coast Guard helicopters and Marine V-22 Ospreys.
The Pentagon said it had made no overall estimate of the cost of the military’s participation. The Air Force said it costs $122,311 an hour to fly a B-2 bomber, which is making the trip from its home at Whiteman Air Force Base in Missouri and back. Officials said this will be considered a training event, with the cost already budgeted. They said the per-hour flying cost of the F-22 fighter is $65,128.
Two Bradley fighting vehicles were in place Wednesday near the Lincoln Memorial, where Trump will deliver a speech Thursday. In addition, two 60-ton Army Abrams battle tanks were sent to Washington by rail to be positioned on or near the National Mall, to the dismay of District of Columbia officials.
Kevin Donahue, deputy mayor for public safety, told the Associated Press the city expects the federal government to pay for any damage to streets or bridges from moving the tanks. Civil engineers will assess the roads and bridges after July 4 to determine if any damage has been done.
Donahue said the city had little choice but to accept the tanks and other heavy equipment, despite objections from members of the City Council.
“We’re not consulted on these decisions, we’re not asked to approve them,” he said. “We don’t have the jurisdiction to say, ‘No, we don’t want tanks.’”
The council tweeted “Tanks, but no tanks,” adding that the Pentagon itself said last year that a tank’s steel tracks could damage city roadways. Also scheduled to make appearances over the Mall are the presidential Air Force One and Marine One aircraft.
Trump, casting the extravaganza as a “salute to America,” tweeted Wednesday that the show at the Lincoln Memorial “is looking to be really big. It will be the show of a lifetime!”
A day earlier, he tweeted that military leaders are “thrilled” to participate. If so, they were hiding it well. Pentagon officials referred questions to the White House. Military officials would not even say on the record whether Gen. Joseph Dunford, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, plans to attend.
“Military Leaders are thrilled to be doing this & showing to the American people, among other things, the strongest and most advanced Military anywhere in the World,” Trump tweeted. “Incredible Flyovers & biggest ever Fireworks!”
“This is raw politicization,” countered Loren Dejonge Schulman, a senior fellow at the Center for a New American Security and a Pentagon and White House official during the Obama administration. She said in an email exchange that Trump’s use of the military appears to be less about honoring the men and women serving in uniform than about trying to “brag to and humor” his political cronies.
Rep. Betty McCollum (D-Minn.) complained, “Mr. Trump is hijacking the celebration and twisting it into a taxpayer-funded, partisan political rally that’s more about promoting a Trumpian cult of personality than the spirit of American independence and freedom. McCollum, who chairs the Interior Appropriations subcommittee, said the Interior Department and the Pentagon have not responded to multiple requests for details on how much the event will cost.
White House officials sought to counter the criticism by emphasizing that the president would deliver a patriotic speech at the Lincoln Memorial during an event that he has billed as honoring the U.S. armed forces.
The administration undercut its own assertion of it being a nonpolitical event, however, when senior presidential advisor Kellyanne Conway said Trump’s speech would highlight “the success of this administration in opening up so many jobs for individuals, what we’ve done for veterans,” in addition to celebrating democracy, patriotism and the military.
A fundamental feature of the military’s role in American democracy is its insulation from politics, which is meant to ensure the armed forces’ loyalty to the Constitution rather than to an individual elected leader. That is why, for example, members of the military are not allowed to participate in political campaigns, and why Trump’s first Defense secretary, James N. Mattis, slow-rolled a White House plan for a Veterans Day military parade last year.
Muscular military displays of the kind that are common in authoritarian countries like China and North Korea are not quintessentially American, although military bands and honor guards customarily participate in holiday parades and warplanes sometimes are used in flyovers at big sporting events. The U.S. traditionally has not embraced showy exhibitions of raw military power as a claim of international prestige and influence.
Trump had wanted a military parade of tanks and other equipment in Washington after he watched a military parade on Bastille Day in Paris in 2017. His plan eventually was scuttled, partly because of cost, though he apparently held on to the idea. Local officials objected at that time, too.
A ticket-only area in front of the Lincoln Memorial is being set aside for VIPs, including members of Trump’s family, friends and members of the military, the White House said.
The Republican National Committee is distributing a “small number” of tickets to the event, which it says is standard practice and follows what the Democratic National Committee did under Democratic presidents. However, those were smaller events at the White House, for example, and weren’t major productions taking over the National Mall.