New Mexico may elect historic all-female U.S. House delegation

U.S. Rep. Debra Haaland of Albuquerque
U.S. Rep. Debra Haaland of Albuquerque, N.M., seeks support from local party delegates at the Democratic Party pre-primary convention in March.
( Morgan Lee / Associated Press)

Voters in New Mexico have a chance to send a historic all-female delegation to the U.S. House of Representatives, no matter which party wins the races this fall.

And the state’s three congresswomen may all be women of color, which would be another national milestone.

Women are seeking the Democratic and Republican nominations in all six of the state’s primary races on Tuesday for three congressional seats. In each of those races, at least one Latina or one Native American woman is running in her respective party’s primary contests in what has turned out to be some of the most diverse political battles in the county. The female candidates have been among the largest fundraisers in races and could be their party’s nominees.


New Hampshire in 2013 became the first state to have an all-female congressional delegation, in both chambers, with Sens. Jeanne Shaheen and Kelly Ayotte and Reps. Ann McLane Kuster and Carol Shea-Porter, according to the Center for American Women and Politics at Rutgers University.

Delaware’s lone member of the House, Democratic Rep. Lisa Blunt Rochester, who is black, helped give that state the nation’s first U.S. House delegation composed of women of color in 2017.

But New Mexico could wind up with the largest U.S. House delegation of women or women of color in the nation’s history. The state’s population of about 2 million is 49% Hispanic and 9% Native American.

Trump redoubles his attacks Sunday against minority congresswomen. A congressman who fought for civil rights offers a searing rebuke.

“This is unusual,”said Jean Sinzdak, associate director of the Center for American Women and Politics. “A record number of women are running for House seats, so this is interesting.”

In New Mexico’s 3rd Congressional Democratic primary, for example, Yale graduate and Stanford-trained lawyer Teresa Leger Fernandez and former CIA operative Valerie Plame are among those running in a crowded field to represent the state’s northern region. Together they reflect the area’s traditional Latino past (Leger Fernandez is Latina) and recent coastal liberal transplants (Alaska-born Plame is white).

On the Republican side, Navajo Nation member and businesswoman Karen Bedonie is waging her campaign for the GOP nomination in isolation and amid a strict curfew aimed at stopping the spread of COVID-19. Her campaign literature features her in traditional Navajo clothing, and she often mentions to voters that she’s a mother of eight.

The seat is open because Democratic U.S. Rep. Ben Ray Lujan is running for U.S. Senate.

The 2018 election sent a record number of women to Congress — including two named Katie from Southern California.

The state’s 1st Congressional District is currently held by Democratic U.S. Rep. Deb Haaland, who was one of the nation’s first Native American congresswomen.

Retired police officer Michelle Garcia Holmes, who is Latina, is among three Republicans seeking the GOP nomination to challenge Haaland for the Democratic-leaning seat representing Albuquerque.

In the state’s southern 2nd Congressional District, oil executive Claire Chase and former state lawmaker Yvette Herrell are locked in a rancorous three-person contest for the GOP nomination. Chase is the first female chair of the New Mexico Oil and Gas Assn., and Herrell is an enrolled member of the Cherokee Nation.

They are seeking to unseat Democratic Rep. Xochitl Torres Small, the Mormon granddaughter of Mexican immigrants.

Retired political scientist Christine Marie Sierra, who has followed women in politics for years, said this moment had been building for decades in New Mexico.

“Women are now seen as viable candidates, and both parties in New Mexico are doing their part to recruit women to run for office,” said Sierra, who taught at the University of New Mexico. “And what you see here is a reflection of the state’s diversity.”

According to the Center for American Women and Politics, 490 women have filed as candidates for U.S. House seats nationwide in 2020, a new record high.

That surpasses even the record-breaking 2018 midterm election, in which 476 women filed to run for House seats, the center found.

When Congress convenes in January 2019, less than 25% of its members will be women.

The numbers could grow because filing deadlines have yet to pass in around a dozen or so states.

Much of the surge in candidate filings is in Republican primaries across the country, the center said.

Women also are making gains in local elections. Last year, for example, Tucson voters elected Regina Romero, the daughter of farmworkers, as the first Latina mayor in the city’s history.

Leger Fernandez said whatever happens in her election, she’s proud to be part of a chance to make history. As a 2-year-old, she was in a coma with spinal meningitis. Doctors didn’t believe she would survive.

Her grandmother Abelina Romero Lucero prayed to La Virgen de Guadalupe and later made a pilgrimage to Mexico to ask the heavens to heal her granddaughter.

Leger Fernandez has pictured herself having a conservation with her late grandmother after winning her race.

“I know exactly what she’d say,” Leger Fernandez said. “She’d tell me, ‘I knew there was a reason La Virgen let you live.’ ”