As NASA’s Cassini mission flames out over Saturn, scientists mark bittersweet end of mission
Cassini flew into Saturn’s atmosphere early Friday morning, burning up upon entry and becoming a part of the planet it studied for 13 years.(NASA/JPL-Caltech)
Flight director Julie Webster gets emotional in Mission Control at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory after confirmation of Cassini’s demise.(Jae C. Hong / Associated Press)
Project manager Earl Maize packs up his workspace in Mission Control after the end of the Cassini mission at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory.(Joel Kowsky / Associated Press)
Engineer Mar Vaquero monitors the status of NASA’s Cassini spacecraft as it enters the atmosphere of Saturn.(Jae C. Hong / Associated Press)
Engineer Nancy Vandermay, left, wipes away tears inside Mission Control at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory after confirmation of Cassini’s demise.(Jae C. Hong / Associated Press)
Cassini team members Scott Eddington, left, and Nora Alonge embrace after Cassini burned up in Saturn’s atmosphere.(Brian van der Brug / Los Angeles Times)
Cassini team members gather with a 1/2-scale model of the Cassini spacecraft to watch the final minutes of the Cassini mission to Saturn on a screen at the Jet Propulsion Lab auditorium.(Brian van der Brug / Los Angeles Times)
Atmospheric scientist Andrew Ingersoll gathers with team members at JPL to watch the final minutes before Cassini burns up in Saturn’s atmosphere.(Brian van der Brug / Los Angeles Times)
Cassini team members Richard French and Colleen McGhee-French shed tears as the Cassini mission to Saturn ends.(Brian van der Brug / Los Angeles Times)
Scott Brachman and 12-year-old son Ben watch the screen at Caltech, where people involved in JPL’s Cassini mission celebrated its grand finale. Brachman’s wife works in the main control room at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, where the JPL-managed Cassini spacecraft ended its mission to Saturn.(Al Seib / Los Angeles Times)
People at Caltech in Pasadena watch a video feed from the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in La Cañada Flintridge. The two parties were watching the JPL-based Cassini mission to Saturn come to an end.(Al Seib / Los Angeles Times)
Kelsey Nannini, a Cal State Fullerton marine biology student, takes a selfie at Caltech, where people involved in JPL’s Cassini mission celebrated the spacecraft’s ending of its mission to Saturn.(Al Seib / Los Angeles Times)
Alana Buckley, right, and sister Mariya Buckley grab posters at Caltech.(Al Seib / Los Angeles Times)
They clapped, though they didn’t smile.
But what did you expect? Cassini, their beloved spacecraft, was dead.
Confirmation that the explorer had indeed vaporized as planned in the cloud tops of Saturn was received at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory just before 5 a.m. Friday morning.
“The signal from the spacecraft is gone, and in the next 45 seconds, so will be the spacecraft,” Earl Maize, Cassini’s program manager, told the two dozen people in the mission control room in La Cañada Flintridge. “Congratulations to all of you. It has been an incredible mission, an incredible spacecraft, and you have been an incredible team.”
He looked around at his colleagues, all wearing matching purple polo shirts embroidered with pictures of Cassini and Saturn.
“Now I’m going to call this end of mission,” he said. “Project manager off the net.”
And just like that, Cassini’s 20-year voyage of exploration was over.
It was like being at a funeral for someone who had lived a long, full life and died peacefully in their sleep at the age of 103.
“I thought I was going to be more sad about the spacecraft, but I’m not,” said Julie Webster, who has worked on Cassini for more than 20 years and served as the mission’s chief engineer. “It did everything we asked of it right until the very end. That’s all you could ever ask of anyone. It was perfect.”
Cassini spent 13 years making jaw-dropping discoveries in the Saturn system, including the first confirmation that the moon Titan had seas of liquid methane on its surface and the revelation that geysers of water ice shoot off the moon Enceladus.
These findings have revolutionized scientists’ understanding of how and where to look for life in the solar system and beyond.
NASA extended Cassini’s original four-year mission twice. And even in the final seconds before it burned up like a shooting star, the spacecraft gallantly sent back new data from deeper in Saturn’s atmosphere than it had ever been before.
“It was a superb machine in an amazing place, doing everything it possibly could to reveal the mysteries and secrets of our solar system,” Maize said.
It was a superb machine in an amazing place, doing everything it possibly could to reveal the mysteries and secrets of our solar system.
Cassini program manager Earl Maize
More than 5,000 scientists, engineers and support staff from 17 countries worked on the Cassini mission in some capacity since its earliest stages of development in the 1980s. Members of this large extended family congregated on the Caltech campus in Pasadena early Friday morning to celebrate and mourn Cassini’s final moments together.
On the lawn outside Beckman Auditorium, researchers greeted colleagues they hadn’t seen in years and reminisced about the mission.
“I like to say this is our claim to immortality,” he said of the mission. “We inspired a new generation, and they’re going to carry on.”
John Barbara, who works on Cassini’s image science subsystem team at NASA’s Goddard Institute for Space Studies in New York City, said it’s the daily presence of the spacecraft that will leave the biggest hole.
“I’m going to miss my morning routine of checking my email, drinking my coffee and seeing what Cassini’s been up to,” he said. “It’s been such a part of my life.”
And although Cassini is gone, he knows its discoveries will be part of his 6-month old son Leo’s life, too.
“As Leo gets older and sees images in his astronomy books, they’re going to be from Cassini,” he said.
“The goal of the engineering team was to make the spacecraft last, and I think you saw this morning that we did,” Webster said. “We got almost 30 seconds longer than predicted.”
Linda Spilker, project scientist for the mission at JPL, said that Cassini made Saturn as familiar to us as our own neighborhoods.
“Now it’s a small, little world in a telescope again,” she said. “Those details of the rings, those tiny moons struggling to survive — those are all gone, until we go back.”
Now it’s a small little world in a telescope again. Those details of the rings, those tiny moons struggling to survive — those are all gone, until we go back.
Cassini project scientist Linda Spilker
Both Michael Watkins, JPL’s director, and Thomas Zurbuchen, head of NASA’s science million directorate, pledged to return to the Saturn system. Titan and Enceladus have emerged as prime candidates in the search for life beyond Earth. Indeed, that’s why NASA engineers steered Cassini into Saturn, where it was guaranteed to disintegrate without contaminating the moons.
“With today’s end of the mission, we know that these worlds will remain pristine,” Zurbuchen. “Not only did we do science here at the very end, but we protected science to be done in the future.”
Maize said part of him can intellectualize that Cassini was a robot at the end of its serviceable life. But, of course, there is more to it than that.
“It has been our companion and our dutiful servant for several decades,” he said.
He finished his comments to the Cassini team — and the world — with this eulogy for the spacecraft.
“This morning a lone explorer, a machine made by humankind, finished its mission 900 million miles away,” he said, choking up just a little.
“Thanks and farewell, little explorer.”
MORE ON THE CASSINI MISSION
3:05 p.m.: This story has been updated throughout with additional information, including reporting from Caltech in Pasadena.
This story was originally published at 7:15 a.m.
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