Simone Biles had ‘the twisties.’ A gymnast explains the sport’s dreaded mental block

Simone Biles performs on the vault Tuesday.
Simone Biles performs on the vault during the Tokyo Olympics on Tuesday.
(Ashley Landis / Associated Press)

The words send shivers up the spine of nearly every gymnast.

The twisties.

It’s the mental block that causes gymnasts, even those at the top of their game like U.S. superstar Simone Biles, to lose control of their bodies while midair.

Biles, who cited mental health concerns after withdrawing from the women’s gymnastics team final and Thursday’s individual all-around final, mentioned getting “the twisties” during a vault that served as her only routine of the final team competition.

Seeing the nearly unflappable Biles falter was shocking to many, but for those who have experienced the alarming sensation of their bodies disconnecting from their minds while upside down, it also brought up bad memories.


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“It’s kind of like forgetting how to twist your body in the air,” former UCLA gymnast JaNay Honest said. “It’s really scary because when you’re doing a skill like Simone does … it’s really dangerous.”

In other sports, it might be called “the yips.” Similar mental blocks suddenly stop pitchers from getting the ball across home plate or keep basketball players from making free throws. But if a gymnast gets the twisties, the ramifications could be much worse than a missed shot or scorecard error.

“In our sport, we essentially dive into a pool [with] no water,” former Olympic gold medalist Dominique Moceanu tweeted. “When you lose your ability to find the ground — which appears to be part of [Biles’] decision — the consequences can be catastrophic. She made the right decision for the team & herself.”

Biles pulled out of the team final after competing on vault, where she was scheduled to perform 2½ twists in the air but scored a 13.766 after completing just 1½ twists. Her score, which counted toward the team’s total, was more than a point lower than her qualifying score on the event. Without Biles, Team USA rallied to secure a silver medal.

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On vault, Biles flared her arms out and opened her twist early before landing in a deep squat. But as former Olympian Laurie Hernandez pointed out on NBC’s Peacock stream, Biles’ head was still turned to the side when she landed, signaling that she wanted to keep twisting. The mixed signals indicated that Biles briefly lost where she was in the air.

Afterward, the 24-year-old was heard on the TV broadcast telling coaches she just didn’t trust herself. She withdrew from competition minutes later.


“There have been times where you walk into the gym and you’re not really in a good head space and you have to communicate to your coaches, ‘Look, I should not do gymnastics today,’” Honest said. “Because you just don’t feel safe.”

Honest, who helped UCLA to a 2018 NCAA team championship, said her case of the twisties resulted in her body doing unpredictable things. The 2016 Pac-12 uneven bars co-champion could have been intending to complete a double-back on floor — a backflip with two rotations in the air — but would instead land after one flip. Sometimes gymnasts twist when they don’t mean to.

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The sensation became so scary for Honest that she retooled her routines to focus more on flipping as opposed to twisting. But with Biles in the thick of Olympic competition, such drastic changes aren’t possible.

Dismantling the mental block can be an arduous process. Oregon State gymnastics coach Tanya Chaplin said the team works with sports psychologists and its medical staff to coach gymnasts through the twisties. They question whether it’s the skill itself or outside forces and stress that compound the situation. Like Honest, they try to work around problematic skills, if possible.

When the body isn’t in position to complete difficult skills, it’s important to get the mind trained on basics again, said Honest, who is an analyst on Pac-12 Networks.

She used mental repetitions to help untwist her mind by imagining herself completing perfect skills over and over. When her mind was ready, then she could work physically by retraining skills into foam pits or on additional mats.


“To me, gymnastics is 10% physical,” Honest said, “and 90% mental.”