In Zambia, a safari means going with the flow
Sausage Tree Camp head guide and manager Ryan Wilmot paddles with Carlyn Romeyn during a calm moment in the Chifanoa Channel. The eight-plus mile waterway is packed with pods of hippopotamus, parades of elephants and scores of birds.(Kathryn Romeyn)
Writer Kathryn Romeyn admires elephants and impala across the watering hole at Bilimungwe Bush Camp in South Luangwa, Zambia. She wears a traditional African kikoi which, when wet, helps one cool off in the midday heat. (Bilimungwe has no electricity, air conditioning or fans.)(Kathryn Romeyn)
A crocodile quietly glides through the Zambezi River. The sight of one makes the heart race.(Kathryn Romeyn)
Phragmites, a type of large perennial grass found in wetlands, waves in the breeze on an island in the Zambezi River. The spectacular landscape of silhouetted blue-gray mountains is best seen from a pontoon boat during a sunset cruise.(Kathryn Romeyn)
An elephant shakes a winter thorn tree on a riverbank in South Luangwa, Zambia, so it may eat the seed pods that fall. Elephants also love the fruit of the mongongo tree; natives collect hard, nutritious mongongo nuts from elephant dung, wash them well, and eat them raw or roasted.(Kathryn Romeyn)
A great white egret trails water droplets as it takes off over the Zambezi River during magic hour. The large bird is just one of the spectacular species -- oftentimes vibrantly colored -- flying around Zambia.(Kathryn Romeyn)
A male hippo unhinges his jaw in a show of dominance in a bloat of hippopotamuses lounging in the Luangwa River.(Kathryn Romeyn)
Less than an hour after stepping off the airplane in Livingstone, I had already witnessed elephants drinking from the mighty Zambezi River, watched baboons monkeying around on an ivory beach and stared down a bloat of hippos soaking on a sandbar.
These kinds of encounters would become routine during a 10-day water-centric Zambian safari.
Many African wildlife safaris are land-based, but my family and I, as aquaphiles, structured ours around the rivers of this landlocked country.
We love bodies of water, swimming, diving, surfing and rowing on them. We chose Zambia — on the advice of veteran guide Michael Lorentz, chief executive of Passage to Africa — because it was away from the crowds at such popular safari sites as South Africa’s Kruger National Park or Kenya’s Maasai Mara National Reserve.
Our trip would take us first to Livingstone, then to the 1,580-square-mile Lower Zambezi National Park (site of Sausage Tree, our temporary home and one of only seven camps), and finally down to the South Luangwa River Valley, the birthplace of walking safaris. We toured in aluminum speedboats and canoes, sometimes sailing alongside dried-up riverbeds in a specially modified Land Cruiser, rarely seeing another soul.
Instead of people, we came across crocodiles gliding through the water, their knobby heads only half visible, and elephants using their tusks to shake the seed pods (nicknamed elephant rattles) out of winter thorn trees, then sucking them up with their vacuum-like trunks.
As the sun shaded the sky gold, Steven, our guide in South Luangwa, delivered us to a handful of director’s chairs on a sandy waterfront.
Our entertainment: hundreds of carmine bee-eaters — small, fast birds with coral breasts, crimson wings, jade heads and cerulean tails — engaged in aerial acrobatics above the riverbank where they nest.
We hopped a pontoon boat and “went out for lunch,” dining on couscous-crusted tilapia on Wedding Island, one of the Zambezi’s little land masses.
In the steaming middays at Sausage Tree, we found relief in the infinity pool, watching water buffaloes roam across the river and elephants cross into our “front yard.”
Bilimungwe, an eco-friendly camp where we stayed later, had no electricity, so we drenched our kikois and, wrapped in these East African sarongs, sprawled on lounge chairs above the watering hole, waiting for a breeze. (The elephants, meanwhile, stayed cool by bathing in muddy holes.)
After 10 days, I craved more. I was hooked.
It’s all about Zambia
Defying preconceived notions, Zambia has a relatively placid history, and this year, the Global Peace Index declared it the most peaceful country on the continent.
Although Zambia is landlocked — it’s surrounded by the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Namibia and Angola — it’s plenty wet.
The border with Zimbabwe is the rushing Zambezi River, known as the Mighty Zambezi.
At 1,600 miles, the fourth-largest river in Africa traverses six countries. Its crown jewel: the deafening, rainbow-producing Victoria Falls, also split between Zambia and Zimbabwe.
In 1855, Scottish explorer David Livingstone named the enormous waterfall for Queen Victoria. (Nearby Livingstone is named for him.)
But as early as the 1800s the indigenous Kololo tribe called it Mosi-oa-Tunya, or “Smoke That Thunders.”
Until 1964 the Republic of Zambia was under British rule — as a protectorate it was called Northern Rhodesia — and English is still the national language. The transition to independence, remarkably, was peaceful
Copper mining is a major industry and the metal is still Zambia’s principal export. But about 60% of the population lives below the poverty line, and 14.3% of adults are HIV positive.
Beyond its considerable wealth in minerals (cobalt, coal, gold and gemstones are also mined), Zambia is rich in natural beauty and exotic wildlife. Thirty percent of the country is reserved for the latter in 20 national parks and 34 game management areas.
Life on the rivers
My father was a collegiate rower who still begins most days on the river. My mom did laps hours before giving birth to my sister, who swam before she walked and later broke records. My happy place is the ocean.
We are all about the water.
During our safari, water played an integral role in the experience. In the water — or on the river banks, the animals really came alive for us.
Sunset cruises on the Zambezi are spectacular unknown experiences. With a gin and tonic in hand — always a gin and tonic — we shot past leaping impala and saw thousands of hippos, which ducked below the surface (they can hold their breath for six minutes, more in panic mode), popping back up and occasionally showing off their impressive jaws by yawning.
Water also was the backdrop for our most heart-stopping experience. After landing in Livingstone, we headed for Victoria Falls, about midway in the river’s rush to the Indian Ocean.
On a guided trek my sister, Hollyn, and I clung to each other as we slid into the rushing Devil’s Pool infinity pond at the edge of the 335-foot-high falls.
They were so powerful it seemed likely that one of us could go over the side into the crushing water and double rainbows below. Instead, the current carried us up to the thick wall of rock that, like the edge of a swimming pool, kept us from pouring over.
Perhaps our most memorable encounters involved canoes. We traversed the 8.2-mile Chifungula Channel, which guide Ryan promised was the best calm-water paddling on the continent.
All was serene, until it wasn’t. A startled hippo, apparently startled by our presence, emerged from the bank and did a 2 1/2-ton belly flop, landing inches from my mom’s canoe. It created a wake that rocked our canoes and left us gasping.
The hippo was even more scared than we, and it fled.
Several miles in we came upon the social event of the week, a gathering of 30-plus elephants.
It was like an extended-family picnic, complete with babies and mamas splashing and spraying water, and a happy crew eating lunch while drunk uncles stomped their feet and mock-charged each other to prove their manhood.
For them it was another day on the river. For us, it was a story to tell again and again.