Maria Reiche was devoted to the Nazca Lines, so much so that she was known as the “Lady of the Lines.” The mathematician and archaeologist spent her last 25 years living in the Hotel Nazca Lines in this small city.
The well-appointed hotel (where we also stayed) offers a nightly 45-minute planetarium show about the lines and about Reiche, who was born in Germany in 1903 and came to Peru to teach at a German school in Cuzco.
Paul Kosok, an American historian who was doing field work in the area, had seen the sun set at the winter solstice (June 21 in the Southern Hemisphere) right over one of the lines. He needed an assistant with a mathematical background and hired Reiche.
The hotel is full of people who knew her. Planetarium lecturer Edgar Azabache was a friend. Another worker has a key to the room she lived in, and with a whisper to the front desk, you can catch a glimpse of her quarters and hear stories too.
She built a hut in the desert (you can still visit it by taking a taxi or bus or joining a local tour) and lived there without running water or electricity for 40 years. She spent her days climbing ladders, mapping the lines, cleaning them and doing endless mathematical calculations to try to figure out their significance.
Locals thought she was either crazy or a witch, Azabache said, when they saw her in the desert moving stones, and they would leave her food.
On the wall outside her room, a plaque reads: “If I had a hundred lifetimes, I would have given them to Nazca. And if I had to make a thousand sacrifices, I would have made them, if for Nazca.”