Hundreds defy restrictions and join protests in Kashmir as U.N. holds rare meeting on the region
Hundreds of people protested an unprecedented security crackdown and clashed with police Friday in Indian-controlled Kashmir, as India’s government said it was constantly reviewing the situation in the disputed region and the restrictions there will be removed over the next few days.
The United Nations Security Council met to discuss Jammu and Kashmir for the first time in decades, and Pakistan’s ambassador to the world body said the session showed that people in the region “may be locked up ... but their voices were heard today.” The Security Council took no action during the closed meeting, which was called by China and Pakistan.
A heavy troop presence and a near-constant curfew and communications blackout remained in place in the Indian-controlled portion of Kashmir for a 12th day. The government imposed the lockdown to avoid a violent reaction to its decision on Aug. 5 to downgrade the autonomy of the Muslim-majority Kashmir region.
Both India and Pakistan claim the Himalayan region, which is divided between the nuclear-armed rivals. The decision by the Hindu-led government in New Delhi has raised tensions with Pakistan and touched off anger in the Indian-controlled region.
Young and old demonstrators took to the streets in Srinagar, the region’s summer capital and main city, after Friday prayers. They carried green Islamic flags and signs reading “Stop Genocide in Kashmir, Wake Up World.”
Some threw stones and clashed with security forces, who responded with tear gas.
Earlier in the day, a senior Indian official in Kashmir, B.V.R. Subrahmanyam, confirmed that there would be some loosening of restrictions on residents, saying that landline phone service would be restored gradually beginning Friday night and schools reopened as of Monday.
He didn’t announce any immediate restoration of mobile phone service, which he said could be misused by terrorist groups.
India’s Supreme Court decided to give the government more time before ruling on a petition demanding the lifting of media restrictions following its assurances that they will be eased soon, attorney Vrinda Grover told reporters. She represents Kashmir Times editor Anuradha Bhasin, who said she was unable to publish her newspaper in Srinagar.
Subrahmanyam also said that government offices had started functioning normally. He said Friday prayers were held peacefully and life in 12 of the region’s 22 districts was almost back to normal.
Public transport will be restored gradually after evaluating the security situation, he said.
“Some preventive arrests were made in the region as a preventive measure to maintain law and order,” Subrahmanyam said, though he did not say how many.
“We have prevented any loss of life or serious injuries to anyone despite concerted efforts by terrorist groups, radical groups and continuing efforts by Pakistan to destabilize the situation,” he said.
Pakistan’s ambassador to the U.N., Maleeha Lodhi, called the closed-door consultations of the Security Council “the first and not the last step.”
“It will only end when justice is done to the people of Jammu and Kashmir,” Lodhi said.
“This is the first time in over 50 years that this issue has been deliberated upon by the Security Council,” Lodhi said. “I think this meeting nullifies India’s claim that Jammu and Kashmir is an internal matter for India.”
India’s U.N. ambassador, Syed Akbaruddin, contended that its recent actions on Kashmir were “entirely an internal matter” with “no external ramifications.” He rejected comments by Lodhi and Chinese U.N. Ambassador Zhang Jun that Kashmir is an international dispute, insisting it is bilateral.
Akbaruddin said India is committed to the 1972 Simla agreement calling for India and Pakistan to peacefully resolve Kashmir’s status, saying: “It’s now for Pakistan to make that commitment, too — stop terror to start talks.”
He dismissed a 1948 Security Council resolution promising a U.N.-sponsored referendum on Kashmir’s “final disposition,” saying “every new agreement overtakes the past.”
President Trump spoke with Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan by phone and conveyed the importance of India and Pakistan reducing tensions through bilateral dialogue, said White House spokesman Hogan Gidley.
Pakistani Foreign Minister Shah Mahmood Qureshi also disclosed the conversation, and he added that Trump said he would talk to Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi on the issue.
Qureshi described it as “a good conversation,” adding that Khan described “how delicate, how concerning and how alarming” the situation was.
At a news conference in Islamabad, the Pakistani capital, Qureshi also described the holding of the Security Council meeting as a diplomatic win for Pakistan, saying it was held despite India’s opposition.
On Twitter, Khan condemned the continued clampdown and warned Modi that “no nation can be defeated militarily when it rises for independence.”
He described Modi as a “fascist, Hindu supremacist,” and equated him with Adolf Hitler, saying he feared “genocide of Muslims in Kashmir.”
Before Indian elections in April and May, Khan had expressed hope that the Kashmir issue could be resolved through talks if Modi’s Hindu nationalist party won the vote, which it did convincingly.
Modi has defended the Kashmir changes as freeing the territory from separatism, and his supporters welcomed the move.
One of the revisions allows anyone to buy land in Indian-controlled Kashmir, which some Kashmiris fear could change the region’s culture and demographics. Critics have likened it to Israeli settlements in Palestinian territories.
Meanwhile, the family of a Kashmiri journalist said he has been detained by the Indian armed forces.
Irfan Amin Malik, who works for Greater Kashmir, one of the largest newspapers in Kashmir, was taken into custody Wednesday night at his house in Tral in Pulwama, a southern district in Kashmir, according to his father, Mohammed Amin Malik.
“We are worried about our son,” he told the Associated Press.
Principal Secretary Rohit Kansal of the Jammu and Kashmir region said he was looking into the case. Jammu and Kashmir police chief Dilbagh Singh declined to comment.
Malik is the first journalist known to have been detained since Kashmir’s special constitutional status was revoked.
Pakistan’s military said that Indian firing across the Line of Control dividing the region killed another soldier, raising the death toll to six in less than 24 hours.
Pakistan’s Foreign Ministry summoned an Indian diplomat and lodged a protest over the killings. The ministry said the “cease-fire violations by India are a threat to regional peace and security and may lead to a strategic miscalculation.”
There was no immediate comment from the Indian army.
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