Progressive Jamaal Bowman topples 16-term U.S. Rep. Eliot Engel in New York primary

Jamaal Bowman speaks to supporters at his primary-night party on June 23.
(Associated Press)

Former middle school principal Jamaal Bowman has toppled 16-term U.S. Rep. Eliot L. Engel in New York’s Democratic primary in another upset victory for the party’s insurgent wing.

A political novice who has never held public office before, Bowman, 44, was a progressive Black challenger who said Engel, the 73-year-old chairman of the House Foreign Affairs Committee, had lost touch with his economically and racially diverse district.

Bowman declared victory in the race June 24, a day after the primary election, but the Associated Press did not call the race until Friday, after a count of absentee ballots showed that Engel could not overcome Bowman’s election day advantage.

“The numbers are clear, and I will not be the Democratic nominee for the 16th Congressional District seat in the fall election,” Engel said. “Serving the people of the Bronx and Westchester in Congress has been the greatest privilege of my life, and what a remarkable 32 years it has been.”

Bowman earned his extraordinary win in a campaign season upended first by the coronavirus outbreak, then by protests over the killing of George Floyd in Minneapolis police custody.

Body-camera footage from two police officers involved in George Floyd’s arrest captured a panicked and fearful Floyd pleading with officers before his death.


“I’m a Black man who was raised by a single mother in a housing project. That story doesn’t usually end in Congress. But today, that 11-year-old boy who was beaten by police is about to be your next Representative,” Bowman said in a statement.

Bowman said his campaign was anchored in the fight for racial and economic justice, “and it resonated in every part of the district.”

Alexandra Rojas, executive director of Justice Democrats, a progressive organization that backed Bowman, said in a statement, “This win proves that a Black man who survived poverty and police violence at 11 years old has the power to transform his community and country.”

Both candidates were unable to do traditional campaigning because of social distancing restrictions, but Bowman criticized Engel for staying at his home in a Maryland suburb of Washington while the pandemic turned his district in the Bronx and suburban Westchester County into one of the virus’ deadliest hot spots.

Engel said he was working on behalf of the district from Washington.

Then, after protests over Floyd’s death in Minnesota gave way to two nights of unrest, Engel had a bad gaffe while appearing at a Bronx event where he joined other local politicians appealing for peace.

In a comment picked up by a live microphone while he was pleading with the lead organizer for a chance to speak, Engel said, “If I didn’t have a primary, I wouldn’t care.”

Engel, who is white, said he has “always believed that Black lives matter” and said his words were taken out of context. But Bowman, who has spoken of his own experiences with police brutality, said they illustrated why the district needed new leadership.

By defeating Engel, Bowman replicated the success of democratic socialist Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, who defeated another powerful New York City Democrat, Joe Crowley, in a neighboring congressional district two years ago.

The Senate election is increasingly nationalized, and even well-known incumbents face a powerful tide as money pours into Democratic campaigns.

The AP called the race after obtaining the absentee vote count from Westchester County. Votes cast by mail in the Bronx have yet to be released, but an AP analysis of absentee ballots counted so far indicated that Bowman’s lead from votes cast in person is too large for Engel to overcome.

Engel wished Bowman well in a statement released through a spokesman and said the district desperately needs resources from Washington “and we must continue to fight for them.”

The campaign was the latest proxy battle between the party’s progressive and pragmatic wings. Bowman was endorsed by Ocasio-Cortez and U.S. Sens. Bernie Sanders and Elizabeth Warren ,while Engel picked up support from Hillary Clinton and U.S. Sen. Charles E. Schumer of New York.

Bowman grew up in public housing in New York City. He was a teacher and school counselor for several years before becoming the founding principal of a Bronx middle school, the Cornerstone Academy for Social Action.

The district is heavily Democratic, so the primary winner is virtually assured of victory in the general election in November.