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Derek Chauvin declines to testify at trial in George Floyd death as defense wraps up

Derek Chauvin, seated by Eric Nelson, speaks into a microphone.
Derek Chauvin, alongside defense attorney Eric Nelson, addresses the judge Thursday inside a Minneapolis courtroom.
(Court TV / Pool photo)

Former Minneapolis police Officer Derek Chauvin chose not to take the stand as testimony at his murder trial ended Thursday, passing up the chance to explain to the jury and the public for the first time what he was thinking when he pressed his knee against George Floyd’s neck.

Closing arguments are set to begin Monday, after which the racially diverse jury will begin deliberating at a barbed wire-ringed courthouse in a city on edge — not just because of the Chauvin case but because of the deadly police shooting of a 20-year-old Black man in a Minneapolis suburb last weekend.

Before the jury was brought in Thursday morning, Chauvin, his COVID-19 mask removed in a rare courtroom moment, ended weeks of speculation by informing the judge he would invoke his 5th Amendment right not to testify.

Shortly afterward, the defense rested its case, after a total of two days of testimony, compared with two weeks for the prosecution.

Judge Peter Cahill reminded the jurors that they will be sequestered starting Monday and said: “If I were you, I would plan for long and hope for short.”

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Chauvin, 45, is charged with murder and manslaughter in Floyd’s death after the 46-year-old Black man was arrested on suspicion of passing a counterfeit $20 at a neighborhood market last May.

Cellphone video of Floyd gasping that he couldn’t breathe while bystanders yelled at Chauvin to get off of him triggered worldwide protests, violence and a furious examination of racism and policing in the U.S.

The most serious charge against the now-fired white officer, second-degree murder, carries a maximum penalty of up to 40 years in prison, though state guidelines call for about 12.

The defense has begun its case at the murder trial of ex-officer Derek Chauvin after days of testimony and video depicting George Floyd’s final moments.

Prosecutors say Floyd died because the officer’s knee was pressed against Floyd’s neck or close to it for 9½ minutes as he lay on the pavement on his stomach, his hands cuffed behind him and his face jammed against the ground.

Law enforcement veterans inside and outside the Minneapolis department testified for the prosecution that Chauvin used excessive force and went against his training, while medical experts said Floyd died of asphyxia, or lack of oxygen, because his breathing was constricted by the way he was held down.

Chauvin attorney Eric Nelson called a police use-of-force expert and a forensic pathologist to help make the case that Chauvin acted reasonably against a struggling suspect and that Floyd died because of an underlying heart condition and his illegal drug use. Floyd had high blood pressure and narrowed arteries, and fentanyl and methamphetamine were found in his system.

Demonizing the victim, as Chauvin’s lawyers have done, works particularly well when the victim is Black, because it activates unconscious racial biases.

The only time Chauvin has been heard defending himself was when the jury listened to body camera footage from the scene. After an ambulance had taken Floyd away last May, Chauvin told a bystander: “We gotta control this guy ’cause he’s a sizable guy ... and it looks like he’s probably on something.”

The decision of whether Chauvin should testify carried risks either way.

Taking the stand could have opened him up to devastating cross-examination, with prosecutors replaying the video of the arrest and forcing Chauvin to explain, one frame at a time, why he kept pressing down on Floyd.

But testifying could have also given the jury the opportunity to look at his unmasked face and see or hear any remorse or sympathy he might feel.

Also, what was going through Chauvin’s mind could be crucial: Legal experts say that an officer who believes his or her life was at risk can be found to have acted legally even if, in hindsight, it turns out there was no such danger.

For years, activists have been questioning what Black Lives Matter does with the donations it gets. Those questions have turned to accusations.

In one final bit of testimony on Thursday, the prosecution briefly recalled a lung and critical care expert to knock down a defense witness’ theory that carbon monoxide poisoning from a squad car’s exhaust might have contributed to Floyd’s death. Dr. Martin Tobin noted that hospital tests showed the carbon dioxide level in Floyd’s blood was at most 2%, within the normal range.

With the trial in session, Minneapolis has been bracing for a possible repeat of the protests and violence that broke out last spring over Floyd’s death.

The final phase of the case has unfolded amid protests in the adjoining suburb of Brooklyn Center after Officer Kim Potter, who is white, apparently mistook her gun for a Taser and fatally shot Daunte Wright. She resigned and was charged with manslaughter.


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