Olympic figure skater Alysa Liu and her father were targeted in Chinese spy case

U.S. figure skater Alysa Liu
U.S. figure skater Alysa Liu reacts after competing in the women’s free skate program at the Beijing Winter Olympics on Feb. 17.
(David J. Phillip / Associated Press)

U.S. Olympic figure skater Alysa Liu and her father, Arthur Liu — a former political refugee — were among those targeted in a spying operation that the Justice Department alleges was ordered by the Chinese government, the elder Liu said late Wednesday.

Arthur Liu told the Associated Press that he had been contacted by the FBI in October and warned of the scheme just as his 16-year-old daughter was preparing for last month’s Beijing Winter Olympics. Liu said he did not tell his daughter about it so as not to scare her or distract her from the competition.

“We believed Alysa had a very good chance of making the Olympic team and truly were very scared,” Liu said.


The Justice Department earlier Wednesday announced charges against five men accused of acting on behalf of the Chinese government in a series of brazen and wide-ranging schemes to stalk and harass Chinese dissidents in the United States.

Liu said he and his daughter were included in the criminal complaint as “Dissident 3” and “family member,” respectively.

Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson Zhao Lijian said he was “not aware of the specifics” surrounding the allegations, but said China is “firmly opposed to the U.S. slandering by making an issue of this out of thin air.”

Alysa Liu used her impressive jumping arsenal to outscore Mariah Bell for a repeat crown; earlier, Madison Chock and Evan Bates won in rhythm dance.

Jan. 24, 2020

“China always asks Chinese citizens to abide by the laws and regulations of host countries, and we would never ask our citizens to engage in activities that violate local laws,” Zhao told reporters at a briefing Thursday. “The so-called transnational harassment schemes are just trumped up.”

Liu said he took a stand against China’s bullying by allowing his daughter to compete at the recent Winter Games, where she placed seventh in the women’s event.

“This is her moment. This is her once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to compete at the Olympic Games. I’m not going to let them stop her from going and I’ll do whatever I can to make sure she’s safe, and I’m willing to make sacrifices so she can enjoy the moment,” Liu said. “I’m not going to let them win — to stop me, to silence me from expressing my opinions anywhere.”


He said he agreed to let his daughter compete with assurances from the State Department and U.S. Olympic Committee that she would be closely protected and kept safe while competing in China. They said she would have at least two people escorting her at all times.

U.S. figure skater Alysa Liu performing at the Beijing Olympics
U.S. figure skater Alysa Liu competes in the women’s short program at the Beijing Winter Games in February.
(Gary Ambrose / For the Times)

“They are probably just trying to intimidate us, to ... in a way threaten us not to say anything to cause trouble to them and say anything political or related to human rights violations in China,” Liu said. “I had concerns about her safety. The U.S. government did a good job protecting her.”

Liu said a man called him in November claiming to be an official with the U.S. Olympic & Paralympic Committee, and asked for his and his daughters’ passport numbers. Liu refused to provide them and said he would call his contact at Team USA the next day.

“I didn’t feel good about it. I felt something fishy was going on,” Liu said. “From my dealings with the U.S. Figure Skating association, they would never call me on the phone to get copies of our passports. I really cut it short once I realized what he was asking for.”

The U.S. Olympic & Paralympic Committee couldn’t immediately be reached for comment. A spokesman for U.S. Figure Skating deferred comment to Team USA.


Nathan Chen, a three-time world champion, added Beijing Olympic gold to his impressive list of accomplishments with a stunning free skate program.

Feb. 9, 2022

Liu does not remember being approached in person by Matthew Ziburis, who was arrested Tuesday on suspicion of conspiring to commit interstate harassment and criminal use of a means of identification, among other allegations. Ziburis was released on a $500,000 bond.

Prosecutors allege that Ziburis was hired to conduct surveillance of the family and pose as a member of an international sports committee to ask Liu for a copy of his and daughter’s passports by claiming it was a travel “preparedness check” related to COVID-19. The complaint said that when Liu refused, Ziburis threatened to delay or deny them international travel.

Liu said he left China in his 20s as a political refugee because he had protested against the Communist government following the 1989 Tiananmen Square massacre. He eventually settled in the Bay Area, put himself through law school and nurtured one of America’s most promising athletes.

His daughter visited their ancestral homeland for the first time while at the Olympics. Liu said his daughter has generally been warmly embraced by Chinese fans and media, who considered her to be one of their own.

A dissident legal scholar who was jailed in China for participating in the 1989 Tiananmen Square protests was fatally stabbed in his New York office.

March 15, 2022

But through the spying investigation, he learned that China was aware of an Instagram message about human rights violations against ethnic minority Uyghurs that his daughter once posted. During the Games, she also told her father that she was approached by a stranger late one night at a cafeteria after the free skate event, and that the man followed her and asked her to come to his apartment.

“I’ve kind of accepted my life to be like this because of what I chose to do in 1989, to speak up against the government. And I know the Chinese government will extend their long hands into any corner in the world,” Liu said. “I’m going to continue to enjoy life and live life as I want to live. I’m not going to let this push me down, and I’m not going to let them succeed.”