‘Our phoenix’: Lula’s ups and downs in Brazil almost defy belief
Four years ago, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva’s reputation and political future were in tatters. After an unlikely rise from poverty to union leader to Brazil’s presidency, the man universally known as Lula had landed in prison.
On Sunday — in yet another twist — Brazilian voters chose him by the narrowest of margins to once again lead the world’s fourth-largest democracy. He will also be putting his legacy on the line.
“They tried to bury me alive, and I am here,” Da Silva said in a speech Sunday night after results that confirmed his third presidential win. “I am here to govern in a very difficult situation. But I have faith in God that, with our people’s help, we will find a way out for this country.”
The life of Da Silva has unfolded in such an extraordinary way that it strains credulity.
His family moved from Brazil’s poor northeast region to Sao Paulo state in pursuit of a better life, following his father, who had traveled south years before. Upon arriving, however, they found he had settled down with another woman. Da Silva’s mother was left alone to raise eight children, of whom little Lula was the youngest.
Pressed for money, he became a metalworker at age 14 in the metropolis’ gritty outskirts. It was a physical job that famously cost him his left pinky finger. He became a union leader in an era when Brazil’s manufacturing work force was still vast and when the post translated into political power. He made his first presidential run in 1989, which he lost — along with two subsequent races.
Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva’s comeback attests to concerns about inequality that have helped bring a new wave of leftists to power across Latin America.
Finally, in 2002, he claimed victory and became the first worker to assume the nation’s top job. And he was reelected four years later, defeating his rival Geraldo Alckmin who, this year, became his running mate.
Commodities exports to China were surging, filling government coffers, and a vast welfare program lifted tens of millions of Brazilians into the middle class. Da Silva left office with an approval rating above 80%, and then-President Obama called him “the most popular politician on Earth.” His hand-picked successor, Dilma Rousseff, was elected in 2014.
In Rousseff’s second term, however, a sprawling corruption investigation ensnared top politicians and businessmen alike. It plunged her administration — along with Da Silva and the rest of the Workers’ Party he founded — into disgrace.
Revelations of systemic kickbacks in exchange for government contracts were followed by a deep, two-year recession that many blamed on Rousseff’s economic policies and that turbocharged resentment of the Workers’ Party. She was impeached in 2016 for breaking fiscal responsibility laws regarding management of the federal budget.
Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva was a wildly popular president in Brazil, then went to prison on corruption charges. Now he’s on the brink of an improbable comeback.
Then the former president was sentenced for corruption and money-laundering, and confined to a 160-square-foot room on the fourth floor of a Federal Police building in the southern city of Curitiba. That sidelined him from the 2018 presidential race, and cleared the way for Jair Bolsonaro, then a fringe lawmaker, to cruise to victory. Da Silva’s political legacy was in tatters.
His personal life, too, was blown to pieces. His wife passed away, which at the time he blamed on the strain caused by the investigation.
Slowly, hope crept in. He started exchanging love letters with a woman named Rosângela da Silva, nicknamed Janja. Their relationship blossomed thanks to Da Silva’s then-lawyer, Luis Carlos Rocha, who visited him every weekday.
Rocha acted as dutiful courier, hiding Janja’s letters inside his jacket pocket where guards wouldn’t check. He told the Associated Press that he saw Da Silva’s face light up with each colorful envelope he delivered.
Brazil is days from an historic presidential election featuring two political titans and bitter rivals that could usher in another four years of far-right politics or return a leftist to the nation’s top job.
“God willing, one day we will publish” the letters, Da Silva said at a rally in September. “But only for people aged over 18.”
The Supreme Court also started assessing the legality of his convictions, which it eventually annulled on the grounds that the presiding federal judge had been biased and colluded with prosecutors.
After 580 days’ imprisonment, Da Silva was a free man — free to marry his girlfriend, and free to run for the presidency. That didn’t stop Bolsonaro, seeking a second term, from reminding voters of Da Silva’s convictions at every turn, warning that electing him would be like letting a thief return to the scene of the crime.
It revitalized semi-dormant sentiment against the Workers’ Party, and the fact that much of Brazil still holds Da Silva in disdain is a key reason this year’s contest between the two political titans grew ever closer.
U.S. Secretary of State Antony J. Blinken wrapped up a weeklong mission to Latin America last week with mixed results.
Ultimately, it came down to the wire: Da Silva was elected, for the third time, with 50.9% of the vote. It was the tightest election since Brazil’s return to democracy more than three decades ago.
During his victory speech, Janja was by his side, as she was throughout his campaign. She shed tears, overwhelmed with emotion. And she wasn’t alone.
“I cried when he was jailed. Now I cry because he will take Brazil back to normal. He can do it — he has the charisma to do it,” said Claudia Marcos, a 56-year-old historian who joined thousands of others to celebrate Da Silva’s victory on Sao Paulo’s main boulevard. “He is our phoenix, the most important president in Brazil’s history.”
At the Workers’ Party’s headquarters Sunday, Da Silva read out a long, carefully written speech promising to unite Brazil. He will take office Jan. 1 and has said he won’t seek reelection. That means this presidential term could be his final act.
“It is not the number of years that makes someone old. What makes you old is the lack of a cause,” said Da Silva, who turned 77 three days before the vote. “Brazil is my cause. The Brazilian people are my cause.”
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