Panama eyes new measures as flow of migrants through Darien Gap hits 300,000 so far this year

Migrants sit under a sign marking the Panama-Colombia border.
Migrants sit under a sign marking the Panama-Colombia border during their trek across the Darien Gap in May.
(Ivan Valencia / Associated Press)

The government of Panama said Thursday it will launch a new campaign to stem the flow of migrants through the dangerous, jungle-clad Darien Gap, after crossings hit 300,000 so far this year.

In comparison, fewer than 250,000 migrants crossed in all of 2022.

The plan, named “Darien is a jungle, not a road,” will be launched next week, officials said, but they could barely hide their frustration with neighboring Colombia’s inability to stop migrants from coming to the two countries’ roadless border.

“Despite all the efforts, meetings with other countries involved have not managed to stop” the flow of migrants, Panama’s security minister, Juan Manuel Pino, said at a news conference.


Panama has unveiled a new effort to control illegal migration through the treacherous Darien Gap that spans its eastern border with Colombia.

June 5, 2023

Officials said the massive trekking of migrants through the gap — now running between 2,500 and 3,000 per day — has polluted and damaged the jungle, as well as exposed people to risks and rights abuses.

Samira Gozaine, Panama’s top immigration official, said, “Don’t tell me the border can’t be closed,” adding that “it is possible, though it would take action.”

In April, the U.S., Panama and Colombia agreed to try to crack down on the smuggling rings that bring migrants through the gap.

But earlier this month, Gozaine said there had been a lack of information-sharing and joint action on the part of Colombia.

“Instead of getting better, it has gotten worse, in spite of the negotiations with Colombia,” Gozaine said. “There has been no agreement, no information-sharing, nor any effort that might help Panama manage the unregulated flow, which has grown considerably in recent days.

Panama’s government estimates that 50,000 migrants crossed the treacherous Darien Gap from Colombia in the first two months of the year.

March 23, 2023

“Unfortunately, we have not been able to reach any agreement with Colombia, which continues to indiscriminately send us not only people from other countries, but Colombians as well,” she added.


There was no immediate reaction from the Colombian government.

The United Nations projected that if the pace keeps up, as many as 400,000 may cross the gap by the year’s end.

Migrants from South America — mainly Venezuelans — use the Darien Gap to travel by land through Central America and on to the U.S. border. But a growing number of people from other places, including Africa and Asia, travel to South America to use the gap as well.