‘Brexit’ deal nears key EU sign-off, but Spain threatens to make trouble over Gibraltar

British Prime Minister Theresa May arrives to make a statement outside 10 Downing Street in London on Nov. 22.
(Kirsty Wigglesworth / Associated Press)

European Union diplomats were meeting Friday to finalize the draft divorce agreement between Britain and the bloc, amid a warning from Spain that it will oppose the deal if it isn’t guaranteed a say over the future of Gibraltar.

Leaders of EU nations are due to meet Sunday to sign off on the “Brexit” deal, which lays out the terms of Britain’s departure in March and sets up a framework for future relations. But Spain remains unsatisfied.

Spanish Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez said on Twitter that Britain and Spain “remain far away” on the issue and “if there are no changes, we will veto Brexit.”

Spain wants the future of the tiny territory at the tip of the Iberian Peninsula — ceded to Britain in 1713 but still claimed by Spain — to be a bilateral issue between Madrid and London.


Last year’s EU guidelines on the Brexit negotiations in effect gave Spain veto powers over future relations between the bloc and the British overseas territory, but Spanish officials are concerned that a key clause in the agreement referring to U.K.-EU negotiations on their future relationship makes no mention of Gibraltar.

Spanish government spokeswoman Isabel Celaa said Friday that Spain requires an “absolute guarantee” that any future agreement between the European Union and United Kingdom in matters regarding Gibraltar “will require the prior agreement of Spain.”

Spain doesn’t have a veto on the withdrawal agreement, which doesn’t have to be approved unanimously. But it could hold up a future free-trade deal between Britain and the EU, which would require the approval of all 27 other EU nations.

A Spanish government official said the dispute over Gibraltar could be resolved by modifying a single clause in the divorce agreement — though Britain and the EU have said the agreement won’t be amended.


Spain’s junior minister for the EU, Luis Marco Aguiriano, said Friday that officials could tweak Article 184 to make it clear that future relations between the EU and Gibraltar “will be negotiated with the U.K. with Spain’s prior consent.”

He said in an interview with Spain’s Onda Cero radio station that officials in Brussels were working on options to accommodate Spain’s concerns, and estimated there was a 60% chance of success.

Chief Minister of Gibraltar Fabian Picardo criticized Spain’s insistence on a written guarantee, saying, “Gibraltar has demonstrated that we actually want a direct engagement with Spain on issues.”

“Spain is the physical and geographical gateway to Europe for Gibraltar,” Picardo told the BBC. “We recognize that and there is absolutely no need for us to be vetoed into being brought to the table.”


Chancellor Angela Merkel’s spokesman said Germany believed that outstanding questions would be cleared up in time for Sunday’s summit to go ahead.

“We assume that open questions can be cleared up by Sunday,” spokesman Steffen Seibert said. “That is being worked on intensively, so the chancellor is preparing for the trip to Brussels.”

If EU leaders rubber-stamp the deal, it needs to be approved by the European and British parliaments — a tough task for British Prime Minister Theresa May, whose Conservatives lack a majority in the House of Commons.

May was answering calls on a radio phone-in show Friday in a bid to win public support for the divorce deal, which has been slammed in Britain by pro-Brexit and pro-EU politicians alike.


Pro-Brexit advocates think the agreement will leave the U.K. tied too closely to EU rules, while pro-Europeans say it will erect new barriers between Britain and the bloc — its neighbor and biggest trading partner.

May declined to say when asked by a caller whether she would resign if the deal was rejected by Parliament.

“This isn’t about me,” she said. “I’m not thinking about me. I’m thinking about getting a deal through that delivers for this country.”

She warned that rejecting the deal would lead to “more uncertainty and more division” and could result in Britain crashing out of the bloc without agreement — an outcome feared by many businesses.


“If this deal doesn’t go through, what happens is, we end up back at square one,” May said.

“I don’t think [the EU nations] are going to come to us and say, ‘We’ll give you a better deal,’” she added.