From the archives:: Queen Elizabeth II is Britain’s ‘most familiar enigma’
Her face is everywhere: on stamps, coins, mugs and book covers. Her likeness has just been reproduced for the 23rd time at Madame Tussauds, London’s famous wax museum. More visitors come to gawp at her house than probably any other residence in the world.
Yet after reigning over Britain for longer than most of her subjects have been alive, Queen Elizabeth II is the country’s “most familiar enigma,” in the words of one TV presenter.
Yes, the white-haired 86-year-old keeps up a grueling schedule of public appearances that would test someone half her age, especially during this season of celebration of her Diamond Jubilee, marking 60 years on the throne. This weekend, the queen kicks off a four-day extravaganza by going to the races Saturday and cruising down the Thames on Sunday at the head of a flotilla of up to 1,000 boats.
But a certain regal aloofness, a touch of otherworldliness that lends some credence to the title “Your Majesty,” is a crucial component of her long success as monarch, some say.
“You do need a little bit of mystique,” said Sue Daws, 52, who lives in northern Wales.
Note to heirs: You might want to work on that.
Queen Elizabeth, Princess Elizabeth, and Princess Margaret, left to right, pose with officers of the Grenadier Guards on May 19, 1942. Princess Elizabeth reviewed the regiment at Windsor Castle on her “official” 16th birthday.(Associated Press)
Princess Elizabeth and the Duke of Edinburgh, far left, kneel before the altar as they are blessed by the Archbishop of Canterbury, Dr. Geoffrey Fisher, following their wedding service in Westminster Abbey in London on Nov. 20, 1947. Holding the bridal train are Prince Michael of Kent and Prince William of Gloucester, and directly behind them is Princess Margaret, the bride’s sister. Sitting in the front row, from right, are King George VI, Queen Elizabeth and Queen Mary.(Associated Press)
Queen Elizabeth II, with Prince Charles and Princess Anne, arranges wares at a sale at Abergeldie Castle in Scotland on Aug. 20, 1955.(Associated Press)
Queen Elizabeth II, center, hosts President John F. Kennedy and First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy at Buckingham Palace in London on June 5, 1961.(Associated Press)
Queen Mother, left to right, Queen Elizabeth II, Prince William, Prince Harry and the Prince and Princess of Wales after the christening ceremony of Prince Harry in London on Dec. 21, 1984.(AP)
Queen Elizabeth II and the Duke of Edinburgh greet crowds on the grounds of Windsor Castle June 2, 2002 after attending a Golden Jubilee service at St George’s Chapel.(FIONA HANSON / AFP)
Prince William, grandson of Queen Elizabeth II, right, holds his son Prince George as his dad Prince Charles and wife Kate, Duchess of Cambridge, look on and brother Prince Harry is partially hidden during a public appearance at Buckingham Palace in London on June 13, 2015.(Tim Ireland / Associated Press)
A local youth takes a selfie photograph in front of Queen Elizabeth II during a visit to St George’s indoor market on June 24, 2014 in Belfast, Northern Ireland.(PETER MACDIARMID / AFP/Getty Images)
Queen Elizabeth II waves to the crowd as she walks across the Pariser Platz near Berlin’s landmark Brandenburg Gate on her way to leave Berlin on June 26, 2015.(ADAM BERRY / AFP/Getty Images)
Britain’s Queen Elizabeth II, 89, looks on as new mum Kate, Duchess of Cambridge, wife of the queen’s grandson Prince William, pushes Princess Charlotte in a pram as they leave the princess’ christening at St. Mary Magdalene Church in Sandringham, England, on July 5, 2015.(Matt Dunham / Associated Press)
The reigning British monarch, Queen Elizabeth II, with the three direct heirs to the throne, Prince Charles, left, Prince William, right, and young Prince George, in the summer of 2015 in the White Drawing Room at Buckingham Palace in London.(Ranald Mackechnie / Royal Mail)
Elizabeth is the last member of the House of Windsor for whom royalty and celebrity don’t overlap, or at least not by much, a distinction many observers credit with helping to preserve the monarchy’s appeal.
Her discretion and dignity are in marked contrast to the behavior of her four children. Unlike them, she doesn’t submit to tell-all interviews about unhappy marriages, hasn’t had details of her sex life laid bare in the tabloids, didn’t take part (not even for charity) in an embarrassing game show called “The Grand Knockout” in 1987 (as did Princess Anne and Princes Andrew and Edward, in a moment that for many Britons represented “the breaking of royalty’s magic spell,” as one writer later put it).
Just last month, viewers of the BBC in Scotland switched on the TV to find their future king, Prince Charles, giving the daily weather report in his immaculately clipped tones, a surprise appearance that’s become a minor hit on YouTube. (“Potential for a few flurries over Balmoral [Castle],” he said of his family’s Scottish quarters, then stopped and asked, “Who the hell wrote this script?”)
Although it was a good-natured and generally well-received cameo, a spot of hammy humor from an often stuffy heir apparent, no one can possibly imagine the woman he calls “Mama” doing the same thing.
Part of Elizabeth’s aura of solemn reserve is natural to her temperament and her generation, with its harrowing experience of world war and its innate aversion to making a spectacle. Lacey notes that she grew up in the era depicted in the movie “The King’s Speech” — the king in question was her father — when mass media were still novelties and engaging them wasn’t automatically part of the British sovereign’s job description.
But some of the queen’s detached grandeur is carefully cultivated and maintained.
There are countless biographies, but no autobiography. Her public comments are polite, unexceptionable and totally unrevealing. Everyone knows about her love of dogs and horses, but only those closest to her have any real inkling of the thoughts beneath the diamond tiaras and behind the guarded smile.
“She is the most portrayed individual in history, more than anyone you can think of — popes, prime ministers, presidents,” said Paul Moorhouse, curator of a new exhibition, “The Queen: Art & Image,” at the National Portrait Gallery here in London. “The paradox is, what does anyone know about her? Her opinions are a closed book. Nobody but her intimate family knows what she thinks.”
“Whenever Granny walks into a room, everyone stands up, stops and just kind of watches her,” her granddaughter Princess Eugenie told the BBC recently.
“I find that incredible. I kind of go, ‘Ah,’” Eugenie said, feigning a gasp.
But with that air of exaltedness comes a delicate juggling act, royal watchers and historians say.
Though fundamentally unknowable, the queen can’t be too distant and unapproachable. At the same time, she must somehow give the impression of being close to her people. Her private motto is, “I have to be seen to be believed.”
“In modern times, the British monarchy has been an accommodation of two opposing factors. One is a sense of aloofness or majesty or royalty, and the other is the opposite, the sense of being almost an ordinary human being,” said Michael Billig, a social scientist at Loughborough University. “If they don’t get that balance right, they’re likely to be unpopular.”
“The queen has become popular because there she is, an elderly woman who’s still working,” Billig said. “That’s a very down-to-earth assessment.”
Popular is right: The left-wing Guardian, which is staunchly republican on its editorial pages, nonetheless published a front-page story last month on the record popularity that “brand Windsor” currently enjoys.
The queen consistently ranks as the most beloved representative of that brand; thousands of well-wishers greet her wherever she goes, eager for some sort of connection. The question is how well the royal family will be able to sustain that semi-magical appeal once she’s gone.
Many of the queen’s numerous progeny maintain just as taxing a regimen of charity work, royal “walkabouts” and other ornamental appearances.
That kind of exposure might be in keeping with modern celebrity, but doesn’t necessarily suit a centuries-old monarchy.
“When [the queen] goes, it’ll completely change. It’ll turn the corner,” said Daws of north Wales. “If you look now, they’re very touchy-feely, whereas with her, there’s this boundary around her.”
Author Lacey said that even the regular-bloke-ish Prince William, the second in line whose wedding to Kate Middleton a year ago set off a breathless bout of royal mania, may discover to his regret later that it’s possible for the monarchy to be too of-the-people.
“He and Kate are a glamorous couple who chose Los Angeles, of all places, as somewhere to stop on their first foreign tour. Will people feel the same about them in 20 years’ time, or will they not feel too much familiarity?” Lacey said.
“That’s the risk, or the challenge, that lies ahead for the monarchy: how to maintain its mystique in an age of popular access,” Lacey said. “It’s what distinguishes royal celebrities from all others.”
MORE ON QUEEN ELIZABETH
Must-read stories from the L.A. Times
Get all the day's most vital news with our Today's Headlines newsletter, sent every weekday morning.
You may occasionally receive promotional content from the Los Angeles Times.