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China’s top securities regulator steps down

China’s top securities regulator, Xiao Gang, will step down following months of turmoil in Chinese stock markets that battered faith in Beijing’s economic management.

The departure of Xiao, a legal expert with decades of experience in the finance industry, may help assuage public anger at the dramatic boom and bust, but doesn’t address the market’s underlying problems.

The official New China News Agency reported Saturday that Xiao would be replaced by Liu Shiyu, chairman of the Agriculture Bank of China and a former deputy governor of China’s central bank.

Fueled by cheerleading in the state press after officials said Chinese stocks should rise, the Shanghai and Shenzhen markets vaulted from late 2014 to a peak in June 2015, then crumbled in several waves of panic-selling that sent shock waves around the world.

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Officials prolonged the turmoil with draconian measures such as banning major shareholders in publicly traded companies from selling any shares and ordering state funds to buy. The bust hurt millions of neophyte Chinese investors who piled into the market when it was near its peak.

Analysts say Beijing’s moves on stocks, as well as its halting steps to ease currency controls, show the tension between the ruling Communist Party’s desire for market-oriented reform and its overriding objective of retaining absolute political control.

The Shanghai Composite Index closed at 2,860.02 on Friday, which is a decline of about 45% from its peak in June of about 5,178 and barely higher than late 2014.

Liu, the new chief securities regulator, was trained in engineering at the prestigious Tsinghua University and started a career in the state banking industry in the late 1980s.

Xiao, who was appointed in March 2013, was particularly criticized for the mishandled introduction of a “circuit breaker” mechanism for the markets in January that halted trading when prices fall by a certain percentage.

It was meant to help stabilize Chinese stocks as authorities gradually withdrew their emergency support measures but only added to the turmoil.


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