It was the best of times, Tom Mangold knows, and it was the greatest of times. It was formal education that ended with high school and writing careers that began with the whisky wisdom of some faded chief reporter on a weekly newspaper. It was brazen, roisterous Fleet Street in the '50s when British newspapering was more of an indentured trade than a lettered profession. . . .
"All the great journalists went to grammar school," journalist Mangold says. He was in Los Angeles recently, body jet-lagged by a London flight and spirits flagged by a multicity book tour. "What great journalists? My mates. They all failed to become officers during their (military draft) national service. They all failed to go to university."
Yet they succeeded despite these curious credentials and by a common career route; from bare schooling through raucous British reportage to international authorship. By Mangold's description: "Writing by some instinct . . . without knowing the difference between syntax and tin tacks."
Such as . . . David English, who chose Fleet Street over college after high school. He's now Sir David English, editor of the London Daily Mail and author of "Divided They Stand," an Englishman's examination of the 1968 presidential election. Michael Kennedy began working for the London Daily Telegraph at 15. He now is its northern editor, music critic and author of 13 volumes profiling Elgar, Halle, Barbirolli, Vaughan Williams and Strauss.
Of earlier eras (and somewhat higher acclaim) were Charles Dickens, Edgar Wallace and Rudyard Kipling. Not Mangold's mates, exactly. But certainly authors from his school of newspapering; and he of theirs.
Left School Early
"I actually ran away from school (Dorking Grammar) at 17 to work for the Cobham Record, carrying the chief reporter's pencil box, fetching tea," said Mangold. "At 12 I was writing letters about flooding to the editor of the Leatherhead and Dorking Advertiser. Just to see my name in print. At 15 I stole the guts of someone else's piece, a really feeble satire on Christmas that had appeared in my sister's school paper, rewrote it enough to save my skin and had it published under my name in my school paper.
"Then it was Gunner Mangold of the Royal Artillery for two (national service) years . . . the Croydon Advertiser for 17 shillings a week in 1954 . . . and then Fleet Street with the Sunday Pictorial and the Daily Express. . . ."
But by 1976, two decades later, Mangold and friend Anthony Summers (also a Fleet Street graduate but one who rather let the self-made image down by studying languages at Oxford) had co-authored "The File on the Tsar: The Fate of the Romanovs." It was an international best seller. It adjusted history and remains unchallenged.
This year, again working in tandem but with John Penycate, a television journalist and another Oxford scholar ("Look at our descriptions on the dust jacket . . . one says: 'I'm proud to be a hack' and the other says: 'I'm an academic.' "), Mangold finished "The Tunnels of Cu Chi; The Untold Story of Vietnam."
A Battle Underfoot
The tunnels were a 200-mile spiderweb stretching from Saigon to Cambodia; a Watership Down of barracks, hospitals, conference chambers, air raid shelters, theaters and mess halls for Vietcong guerrillas. To counter the enemy beneath its feet (and in one instance, beneath the headquarters of the 25th Division) the U.S. Army formed an elite team of human ferrets to flush the enemy by knife, pistol and flashlight. The underground duels between Tunnel Rats and Vietcong moles are a terrifying strength of the book.
Mangold's transition from reporter to author wasn't much more than a gentle extension. Because, he said, he remains a reporter.
Both book ideas were his as enlargements of stories encountered during his continuing career as a television reporter with the British Broadcasting Corp. His Fleet Street background prepared him to handle the preparation and interview phases of the books. Then Mangold added the scholarship of Penycate and Summers.
"I've always handled the people and the academics have handled the research, the organization, the paper work and all the (research) book reading," Mangold explained. Again the sly grin. "You see, all academics want to be hacks and all hacks want to be academics."
An Early Ambition
From the age of 3, Mangold said, he wanted to be a Fleet Street hack. It was considered (especially by Mangold's solicitor father) to be a somewhat disreputable job, with tabloid journalism one grubby level lower. Its dubious rewards were participation in stories that hounded and judged homosexual vicars, eloping aldermen, mass murderers and the Irish Republican Army. Its definite casualties were divorced, alcoholic, deadbeat reporters.
Fleet Street, wrote one of its own, is a street of disillusion. Or dissolution. Neither deterred Mangold. "When I read that, I wanted part of that action." He got it. "I probably exposed every (homosexual) vicar in Britain. I was a checkbook journalist who bought people up . . . I married people off . . . we sold 6 million (Sunday Pictorial copies) with the Virgin Mother story . . . I had (reported) Mrs. Brady and the Vicar of Tooting. . . .
"And I loved it. I don't believe those old days were the best, but we certainly were the good old days. Not like today with those (word processing) machines out there, no smell of hot type or unwashed shirts. And I have to say, in some justification, that it was training that taught you to stop at nothing."
Fleet Street Declines
Much of the irreverence and gray ethics (and its romance, say some) of Fleet Street began fading in the '60s.
Adjudications of the 30-member British Press Council gathered reputation and clout. "Television had arrived to destroy the big picture magazines and the big exclusive," explained Mangold. "I became part of the intake of nasties and thuggies who joined the (non-commercial) BBC when it stopped using announcers and news readers and hired real reporters with street wisdom to keep up with (commercial Independent Television) ITV."
Today, at 50, quite gray, Mangold says his professional juices are thinner. Jet lag can no longer be dissipated by gin and tonics. Hangovers last longer. He has to energize himself for assignments by picking the most intriguing.
But the enthusiasm for the craft, his past, its present, remains a passion.
Of British journalism today: "Now it's (millionaire publisher Rupert) Murdoch and I suspect a reversion to a similar ('60s) kind of journalism. What I see in the (tabloid) Sun is journalism for people whose lips move when they read. But it's entertaining, stimulating, informative, and, yes, there's a place for it. Murdoch understood that brilliantly.
"But having said that, it's not good journalism. The Sun's headline was GOTCHA! the day we sank the (Argentine cruiser) Belgrano (during the Falklands fighting). Some 300 sailors perished in the sea and that seemed to symbolize to me the worst of British journalism today."
Critiquing the Profession
Of American journalism: "To inform, to entertain, to expose. That's what we (journalists) are all about. And it's alive and well in America . . . although I would shoot all the layout men tomorrow or send them to London for a course."
There is another book in Mangold's future, but one he declines to outline. There also is a nag from the past; a repercussion from his book on the Romanovs. It concerns the fate of Anastasia.
In the book, Mangold and co-author Summers present heavy evidence, documentary and testimonial, that Czar Nicholas and his family did indeed survive their historical "deaths."
They explore the possibility that one of several claimants, Anna Anderson, now Mrs. John Manahan of Charlottesville, Va., might be the Grand Duchess Anastasia, youngest daughter of Czar Nicholas II. They reach no conclusion.
But during research for the book, Mangold said, there was one lead that took Summers to Denmark. He interviewed a man who said he had guarded secret political prisoners a few days after the 1918 "massacre" of the Romanovs. The Russian remembered that during the time of detention, a small bomb, one creating more smoke and noise than explosive blast, had been tossed into the compound.
The information, known only to Mangold, Summers and the informant, fitted no other piece of research. It was unsubstantiated, insignificant. It was left out of the book.
Then came their best seller, renewed international interest in the fate of the Romanovs and inevitable television interviews with Anna Manahan. She was in her 70s then, her mind and memory fading. But it appeared clear when an ABC reporter asked Mrs. Manahan if there was anything else she remembered about the events of July, 1918.
"Damn me if she didn't say: 'Yes, we were all in a big compound and there was this bomb thrown over a wall and all the smoke. . . .' "
Continued Mangold: "If I had any sense, I'd write an Anastasia book. But I'm bored with the subject. But for any reporter prepared to invest his marriage and half his life on the story of Anastasia, there will be riches beyond his wildest dreams."
Would one sentence from an old lady have sent operator Mangold on such a quest? Back in those bad old days? "Yes, I would have started from that. . . ."