In receiving the first Grammy nominations of his more than 20-year career, Winwood led the field with five nominations when the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences announced the Grammy contenders Thursday in Beverly Hills.
Winwood, who first gained recognition in the mid-'60s with the Spencer Davis Group and then achieved even greater fame with the band Traffic, was nominated for best album ("Back in the High Life"), best record ("Higher Love") and best song (also "Higher Love," co-written by Will Jennings). He's also contending in the pop vocal category and for best pop producer--with colleague Russ Titelman.
Gabriel, who was in the band Genesis before launching a solo career in 1975, and Simon, who ended his long-time partnership with Art Garfunkel in 1970, each earned four nominations. Gabriel's "So" and Simon's "Graceland" will vie for best album.
Simon, who already has 10 Grammys (four were won with Garfunkel), is also contending for best song ("Graceland"), male pop vocal and pop producer. Gabriel's other nominations were for best record and song ("Sledgehammer") and rock vocal.
Another multiple nominee is trumpeter Wynton Marsalis, who has won six Grammys--four in jazz and two in classical. His 1986 nominations are for jazz instrumental composition, jazz group and solo instrumental performance and classical solo performance. In the jazz solo category he'll compete against his brother Branford, who plays saxophone.
The awards in the 29th annual competition, which cover records released between Oct. 1, 1985, and Sept. 30, 1986, will be presented Feb. 24 in a nationally televised ceremony from the Shrine Auditorium.
Barbra Streisand, who has seven Grammys and 25 previous nominations, picked up her first nomination since 1980 for "The Broadway Album," a best album nominee. She's also up for pop female vocal and best instrumental arrangement accompanying vocals.
The fifth nominee for the album award is Janet Jackson's "Control." The younger sister of pop superstar Michael Jackson was nominated for the first time. She's contending in the R&B; female vocal and R&B; song categories.
Vying with the Winwood's "Higher Love" and Gabriel's "Sledgehammer" for best record are Robert Palmer's "Addicted to Love," Whitney Houston's "Greatest Love of All," and "That's What Friends are For," by Dionne (Warwick) and Friends (Elton John, Stevie Wonder and Gladys Knight).
The surprise in the best record category was the omission of "On My Own," the smash hit single by Patti LaBelle and Michael McDonald. However, they were nominated the pop duo-group category.
The composers contending for best song, in addition to Simon, Winwood and Gabriel, are Robert Palmer for "Addicted to Love" and Burt Bacharach and Carole Bayer Sager for "That's What Friends are For."
Best new artist nominees: Glass Tiger, Nu Shooz, Simply Red, Timbuk 3 and Bruce Hornsby and the Range.
Finalists in other key Grammy categories:
Streisand will compete against Warwick, Madonna, Cyndi Lauper and Tina Turner for best female pop vocal, while Simon and Winwood will be challenged by Kenny Loggins, Peter Cetera and Michael McDonald for male pop vocal honors.
In rock, the male vocal nominees are Gabriel, Palmer, John Fogerty, Eddie Money and Billy Idol. The finalists in the female vocal category are Tina Turner, Cyndi Lauper, Bonnie Raitt, Pat Benatar and Stevie Nicks.
The R&B; female vocal finalists are Jackson, Chaka Khan, Aretha Franklin, Anita Baker and Patti LaBelle; the competitors in the R&B; male vocal award are Luther Vandross, James Brown, Billy Ocean, Oran (Juice) Jones and Al Jarreau.
Contending for best non-classical producer are David Foster, Michael Omartian, Paul Simon and the teams of Winwood and Russ Titelman, and Jimmy Jam and Terry Lewis.
In the classical field, Robert Shaw and the Atlanta Symphony received three nominations (including a pair for their recording of Beethoven's Symphony No. 9). That's a far cry from last year, when the orchestra benefited from admitted ballot stuffing in the city of Atlanta to garner 12 nominations and, eventually, four Grammys.
Lifetime Grammy champ Sir Georg Solti this year received three nominations (for Verdi, Mendelssohn and Liszt recordings). Should the conductor capture all three, his total would reach 27. He's been nominated 56 times. In contrast, Herbert von Karajan has won three Grammys, despite 37 nominations (The maestro's recording of Beethoven's "Missa Solemnis" marks his only nomination this year).
Two contemporary works programmed by the Los Angeles Philharmonic received nominations: Witold Lutoslawski's Symphony No. 3 (played here in November, 1984, by Esa-Pekka Salonen and the Philharmonic and recorded by the same forces for CBS), and Ellen Taaffe Zwillich's Symphony No. 1 (scheduled here next month with Andre Previn conducting, and recorded by John Nelson and the Indianapolis Symphony for New World).
The following is a partial list of the nominees in the 29th annual Grammy Awards:
Song: "Addicted to Love," Robert Palmer. "Graceland," Paul Simon. "Higher Love," Steve Winwood and Will Jennings. "Sledgehammer," Peter Gabriel. "That's What Friends Are For," Burt Bacharach and Carole Bayer Sager.
Female Pop Vocal: "The Broadway Album," Barbra Streisand. "Friends," Dionne Warwick. "Papa Don't Preach," Madonna, "True Colors," Cyndi Lauper. "Typical Male," Tina Turner.
Male Pop Vocal: "Danger Zone," Kenny Loggins. "Glory of Love (Theme from 'The Karate Kid, Part II')," Peter Cetera. "Graceland," Paul Simon. "Sweet Freedom (Theme from 'Running Scared')," Michael McDonald.
Pop Vocal by Duo or Group: "All I Need is a Miracle," Mike & the Mechanics. "Holding Back the Years," Simply Red. "The Next Time I Fall," Peter Cetera and Amy Grant. "On My Own," Patti LaBelle and Michael McDonald. "That's What Friends Are For," Dionne & Friends.
New Age Recording: "Canyon," Paul Winter. "Down to the Moon," Andreas Vollenweider. "Rendez-Vous," Jean-Michel Jarre. "Windham Hill Records Sampler '86," Various Artists. "A Winter's Solstice," Various Artists.
Female Rock Vocal: "Back Where You Started," Tina Turner. "911," Cyndi Lauper. "No Way to Treat a Lady," Bonnie Raitt. "Sex as a Weapon," Pat Benatar. "Talk to Me," Stevie Nicks.
Male Rock Vocal: "Addicted to Love," Robert Palmer. "Eye of the Zombie," John Fogerty. "Sledgehammer," Peter Gabriel. "Take Me Home Tonight," Eddie Money. "To Be a Lover," Billy Idol.
Rock Vocal by Group or Duo: "Afterburner," ZZ Top. "Harlem Shuffle," Rolling Stones. "Missionary Man," Eurythmics. "Sun City," Artists United Against Apartheid. "Tuff Enuff," The Fabulous Thunderbirds.
Female R&B; Vocal: "Control," Janet Jackson. "Destiny," Chaka Khan. "Jumpin' Jack Flash," Aretha Franklin. "Rapture," Anita Baker. "Winner in You," Patti LaBelle.
Male R&B; Vocal: "Give Me the Reason," Luther Vandross. "Living in America," James Brown. "Love Zone," Billy Ocean. "The Rain," Oran "Juice" Jones. "Since I Fell For You," Al Jarreau.
Vocal by Duo or Group: "Kiss," Prince and the Revolution. "Promise," Sade. "Raising Hell," Run-D.M.C. "Real Love," Ashford and Simpson. "The Super Bowl Shuffle," The Chicago Bears Shufflin' Crew. "Word Up," Cameo.
R&B; Song: "Give Me the Reason," Luther Vandross and Nat Adderley, Jr. "Kiss," Prince and the Revolution. "Living in America," Dan Hartman and Charlie Midnight, "Sweet Love," Anita Baker, Louis A. Johnson, Gary Bias. "What Have You Done For Me Lately," James Harris III, Terry Lewis, Janet Jackson.
Jazz Fusion Performance, Vocal or Instrumental: "The Chick Corea Elektric Band," Chick Corea. "Double Vision," Bob James and David Sanborn. "Earth Run," Lee Ritenour. "Free Fall," Clare Fischer and His Latin Jazz Sextet. "Lyle Mays," Lyle Mays.
Solo Jazz Female Vocal: "Blues in the Night," Etta James. "Esquinas," Flora Purim. "Flight of Fancy," Sue Raney. "Timeless," Diane Schuur. "Uptown," Maxine Sullivan.
Solo Jazz Male Vocal: "An Elegant Evening," Mel Torme. "I Just Want to Sing," Joe Williams. "Midnight Lady Called the Blues," Jimmy Witherspoon. "Round Midnight," Bobby McFerrin. "She's Out of My Life," Grady Tate.
Jazz Vocal by Duo or Group: "Bogie," Jackie Cain and Roy Kral. "Free Fall," 2+2 Plus. "Fresh," The Four Freshmen. "From All Sides," L.A. Jazz Choir. "Teach Me Tonight," Arthur Prysock and Betty Joplin.
Jazz Solo Instrumental: "Breakthrough," Eddie Daniels. "Closer to the Source," Dizzy Gillespie. "Insane Asylum," Wynton Marsalis. "Royal Garden Blues," Branford Marsalis. "Tutu," Miles Davis.
Jazz Group Instrumental: "Art Blakey and the Jazz Messengers Live at Sweet Basil," Art Blakey and the Jazz Messengers. "J Mood," Wynton Marsalis. "Soft Lights and Sweet Music," Gerry Mulligan and Scott Hamilton. "Standards Live," Keith Jarrett, Gary Peacock and Jack DeJohnette. "Swing Reunion," Teddy Wilson, Benny Carter, Red Norvo, Louis Bellson, Remo Palmier, George Duvivier, Freddie Green.
Female Country Vocal: "Cry," Crystal Gale. "Daddy's Hands," Holly Dunn. "Love at the Five and Dime," Kathy Mattea. "Today I Started Loving You Again," Emmylou Harris. "Whoever's in New England," Reba McEntire.
Male Country Vocal: "Ain't Misbehavin'," Hank Williams, Jr. "Diggin' Up Bones," Randy Travis. "Guitar Town," Steve Earle. "Guitars, Cadillacs, Etc., Etc.," Dwight Yoakam. "Lost in the Fifties Tonight," Ronnie Milsap.
Country Vocal by Duo or Group: "Born Yesterday," The Everly Brothers. "Class of '55," Carl Perkins, Jerry Lee Lewis, Roy Orbison and Johnny Cash. "Grandpa (Tell Me 'Bout the Good Old Days)," The Judds. "She and I," Alabama. "She Used to be Somebody's Baby," The Gatlin Brothers.
Country Song: "Daddy's Hands," Holly Dunn. "Grandpa (Tell Me 'Bout the Good Old Days)," Jamie O'Hara. "Guitar Town," Steve Earle. "Guitars, Cadillacs," Dwight Yoakam. "Whoever's in New England," Quentin Powers and Kendall Franceschi.
Latin Pop Performance: "Como Te Va Mi Amor," Pandora. "Inolvidable Tito . . . A Mi Pasa Lo Mismo Que a Usted," Danny Rivera. "Lelolai," Jose Feliciano. "Pruebame," Jose Jose. "Yo Te Pido Amor," Yuri.
Tropical Latin Performance: "Afro-Cuban Jazz," Mario Bauza and Graciela. "Escenas," Ruben Blades. "Especial No. 5," Willie Colon. "Homenaje a Beny More, Vol. III," Celia Cruz and Tito Puente. "Nueva Cosecha, Willie Rosario.
Mexican-American Performance: "Ay Te Dejo en San Antonio," Flaco Jimenez. "Corazon Vacio," Los Yonics. "El Otro Mexico," Los Tigres Del Norte. "Juan Valentin," Juan Valentin. "Turn Me Loose," Steve Jordan. "Unidos Cantemos," Salvador Torres. "Y . . . Zas!" Rafael Buendia.
Traditional Blues: "Jealous," John Lee Hooker. "Live! Backstage Access," Willie Dixon. "Live From Chicago-Mr. Superharp Himself!" James Cotton. "Pressure Cooker," Clarence Gatemouth Brown. "Showdown!" Albert Collins, Robert Cray and Johnny Copeland.
Reggae Recording: "Babylon the Bandit," Steel Pulse. "Brutal," Black Uhuru. "Club Paradise," Jimmy Cliff. "Linton Kwesi Johnson in Concert With the Dub Band," Linton Kwesi Johnson and the Dub Band. "Rasta Philosophy," The Itals.
Music Video, Short Form: "Brother Where You Bound," Rene Daalder, director. "Dire Straits Brothers in Arms," Various. "Making of Runaway," Louis Cardenas. "Rupert and the Frog Song," Paul McCartney. "So Excited," Richard Perry.
Music Video, Long Form: "Bring on the Night," Michael Apted, director. "Frank Sinatra: Portrait of an Album," Emil G. Davidson. "9012Live," Steven Soderbergh. "Pete Townsend: White City--The Music Movie," Richard Lowenstein. "Sun City," Godley & Creme, Hart Perry and Jonathan Demme.
Classical Album: Cello Sonata No. 4 (Beethoven), Yo-Yo Ma, Emanuel Ax; Symphony No. 9 (Beethoven), Robert Shaw, cond.; "Candide" (Bernstein), NY City Opera; "Billy the Kid," "Rodeo" (Copland), Leonard Slatkin, cond.; "Horowitz: The Studio Recordings"; Symphony No. 3 (Mendelssohn), Sir Georg Solti, cond; "Pleasures of Their Company," Christopher Parkening, Kathleen Battle.
Opera Recording: "Candide," NY City Opera; "Le Nozze di Figaro," Sir Neville Marriner, cond.; "Don Carlos," Claudio Abbado, cond.; "Otello," Maazel, cond.; "Un Ballo in Maschera," Solti, cond.
Choral Performance: B-minor Mass (Bach), John Eliot Gardiner, cond; "Missa Solemnis" (Beethoven); Herbert von Karajan, cond.; "Romeo et Juliette" (Berlioz), Muti, cond.; "Choral Masterpieces," Shaw, cond.; "Carmina Burana" (Orff), James Levine, cond.
Classical Orchestra Recording: Symphony No. 9 (Beethoven), Shaw, cond.; "Billy the Kid," "Rodeo" (Copland), Slatkin, cond.; "A Faust Symphony" (Liszt), Solti, cond.; "Pines of Rome," "Fountains of Rome," "Roman Festivals" (Respighi), Riccardo Muti, cond.; "Sinfonia Antartica" (Vaughan Williams), Bernard Haitink, cond.
Classical Performance--Instrumental Soloist: "Well-Tempered Clavier" Book I (Bach), Andras Schiff; "Emperor" Concerto (Beethoven), Claudio Arrau; Trumpet Concerto (Haydn), Adolf Herseth; "The Studio Recordings," Horowitz; Horn Concertos (Mozart), Dale Clevenger; Trumpet Concertos (Tomasi and Jolivet), Marsalis.
Chamber Music Performance: Cello Sonata No. 4 (Beethoven), Ma and Ax; "Benny Goodman: Private Collection"; Violin Sonatas (Brahms), Itzhak Perlman, Vladimir Ashkenazy; Music for Basset Horns (Mozart); members of Chicago Symphony; Cello Sonata (Rachmaninoff), Lynn Harrell, Ashkenazy.