She Has It in Her Head to Clarify Sayings

Times Staff Writer

After all those years of slinging hash and refilling coffee mugs, May Pare found herself up to her eyeballs in a collection of sayings that would blow the mind of someone trying to learn English.

They were the likes of pay through the nose, using elbow grease, having a hollow leg and being lower than a snake's belly. There were heads will roll, press the flesh and keeping your eyes peeled.

She had hundreds of these sayings, many of them overheard and scribbled down while she was waiting tables at Shakers restaurant in Glendale, where she's worked on and off -- but mostly on -- for the last 30 years.

The result of her work is a self-published 363-page book that deals exclusively with body part idioms, in chapters ranging from butt to breath and head to toes. Not only is Pare one of the restaurant's most popular waitresses (many customers wait until they can get one of her tables), she is now something of a celebrity in her small world.

The book, "Body Idioms and More," is designed to help foreign-born students who would otherwise throw up their hands in dismay at the odd sayings, some of which give no clue to their real meaning. Think how having a frog in my throat would sound to the uninitiated.

Pare (pronounced Paray) is a scholar of the English language, her specialty both as a student and as a college teacher in her native Thailand. Later, she earned her master's degree from UCLA, with a specialty in English as a second language.

She never bandied that talent around at the coffee shop. She just took notes.

"I've learned a lot from just being here at the restaurant," said Pare as she took an afternoon break from waiting tables. "I picked up a lot of expressions from customers and co-workers."

Over the last few months the book has evolved into something of a coffee-counter project, with customers helping edit the latest edition and waitresses checking the manuscript for spelling errors.

Pare hopes to parlay her modest success (she'd like for the book to be picked up by language classes) into a shot at doing something other than jotting down food orders.

"I knew there was a need for it," she said of her book. "And I needed to do something else so I could get another job. I didn't have anything I could put on my resume."

Pare first sensed the need to define idioms about 10 years ago when she told one of her cousins a joke with an idiomatic punch line. When the cousin looked baffled, Pare told him she was just pulling his leg. The look did not change.

"He didn't get it," she said. "I told him this is the way people talk."

So began her research into idioms, often interrupted by coffee shop work and other commitments. But over the years, she collected enough to compile a book, which she had printed in Thailand during one of her visits there. That small order turned out to be a mere first draft of her anatomical opus.

It was about then that Shakers regulars like Jim Oliver and Japhet Ward came on the scene to help Pare prepare the book for its second printing.

Oliver, a 68-year-old artist who lives in Koreatown, drops into Shakers ("Breakfast All Day") about once a week, usually Sunday. He'd known Pare casually for years, but they had not become good friends because he always ate at the counter, while Pare waited tables.

"I had no idea of her background, except that she was a good waitress," Oliver recalled. "Then one day she said she wanted to show me her book, the first edition. I took it home and started reading it and when I noticed some mistakes I started taking notes. And then I began taking the notes in to her and she was very appreciative. I just sort of fell into being a help to her."

One example of Pare being slightly off point was the definition of having "a stone face," which in the first edition was described as an "ugly face."

"I showed her that it meant immobile or without expression," he said. "When she saw the difference, she was just thrilled." New definition in the second edition: "Like stone, i.e., without expression, cold, granite-like, hard, immobile."

The story was much the same for Ward, who studied music at UCLA but spent the better part of his 76 years as a clocker during early morning workouts for thoroughbreds at Hollywood Park racetrack. He'd been coming to Shakers for years and had known Pare for 19 of them.

"I sit at tables, a lot of times with May as my waitress," he said. "We've been friends for a long time, so if she had a question about a certain word or sentence, I'd tell her what I thought was correct."

Meanwhile, news of the book slowly spread through Pare's circle of customers. Susan Dougherty, the retention coordinator at Glendale Community College, bought a copy and sent it to the head of the college's English as a second language program.

"We have a lot of sayings that don't make any sense," she said. "A lot of people come here from other countries who are educated, but not in our colloquialisms. I found it fascinating to see a whole book just on body parts. I didn't know there were so many."

Robin Robinson, a longtime customer who works in the business office of Los Angeles City College, said Pare never spoke of her education or the fact that she had once taught English to college students in Thailand.

"We just loved having her as our waitress, but then to find out she was a university English professor in Thailand was just a delight," she said. "We went in one day and she showed us the book. She was very excited about it."

Linguist Anthony Aristar said it doesn't surprise him that Pare has come up with so many idioms that deal only with body parts.

"English has a huge vocabulary, much more than most languages," said Aristar, who manages the Linguist List website, which has more than 21,000 subscribers. "One thing it loves to do is borrow. English grammar is so simple you can insert all sorts of things into it."

Aristar said he would not be surprised if most of Pare's idioms are found in other such collections, but singling out body parts makes her work unusual.

"It would not surprise me that others would find this interesting," he said.

Pare, meanwhile, is beginning to think about her next project -- perhaps idioms involving clothes or food -- even as she hopes that an English as a second language program will include her book in its curriculum.

Pare has ordered 7,000 copies of the book's second edition and has vague plans for the new year. With luck, those plans would not include Shakers, despite all those years of taking orders.

"I shouldn't have been here this long, but time goes so fast," she said. "I appreciate having this job. I'm thankful. But I should move on."

She said she'd like to do workshops with foreign-born students trying to learn English and its many shadings. A good example, she said, is the English-language idiom "from your lips to God's ears."

The closest she could come in Thai was: "I hope it turns out to be true."

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Body language

May Pare, a Glendale waitress who earned a master's degree from UCLA specializing in English as a second language, wrote a book dealing exclusively with body part idioms. Here is a selection of her entries and definitions:

Fire in your belly (expression): Enthusiasm/driving force/passion for what you are doing.

Rub elbows with (verb phrase): To interact socially with.

Face the music (verb phrase): To suffer the unpleasant consequences, especially of one's own actions.

A hair-trigger temper (noun phrase): A tendency to become angry very easily.

A six-pack (noun): Toned stomach muscles.

Lose your head (verb phrase): To become confused or crazy about, to lose emotional control over something.

Powder your nose (verb phrase): A polite or humorous way of saying "to go to the toilet."

On your toes (adjective phrase): Alert, ready to act.

A sharp tongue (noun phrase): A tendency to reply sharply or sarcastically.

Love handles (noun phrase): Extra flesh around your waist.

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