The respected Insurance Institute for Highway Safety has released its recommendations for the safest cars in the 2018 model year.
Korean, Japanese and German car companies have come out on top, and very few American vehicles made the cut.
Cars and sport utility vehicles from Hyundai Motor Co.’s Hyundai, Kia and Genesis brands scored the highest points overall, bagging six of 15 nods for Top Safety Pick Plus, the institute’s highest ranking.
Subaru was not far behind, with four vehicles in that category. Toyota, BMW and Mercedes-Benz rounded out this year’s IIHS list.
On the slightly lower Top Safety Pick list were multiple other Hyundai and Subaru vehicles, in addition to cars from Toyota, Nissan, Audi, Lexus, Volvo, Mazda and Alfa Romeo.
Among SUVs, Honda, Acura, Volvo and Mitsubishi shared Top Safety Pick honors with the Subaru, Mercedes and Hyundai group vehicles.
American brands were conspicuously absent. The lone U.S.-made car in the Top Safety Pick Plus category was Ford’s Lincoln Continental, and the only car included in the Top Safety Pick class was the Chevy Volt. The Buick Envision made the grade in the midsize luxury SUV group, as did the Chrysler Pacifica among the minivans.
The only pickup truck included in the IIHS kudos was the Honda Ridgeline. The popular trucks made by Ford, Chevy, GMC and Ram — by far, America’s bestselling vehicles — were entirely shut out.
IIHS President Adrian Lund explained that his organization notified automakers early in 2017 that this year’s ratings would include new tests for improved headlights and passenger-side frontal overlap crash protection.
Though the IIHS also tests for driver-side impacts, roof strength, head restraint effectiveness, front crash prevention and other elements, those vehicles not awarded with the two top safety accolades this year failed in one or both of the new areas, Lund said.
In fact, only 69 vehicles were included in the 2018 Top Safety Pick and Top Safety Pick Plus categories, down from 82 models that received those accolades in 2017.
That’s the direct result of the new criteria.
“We have raised the bar and so the number is reduced,” Lund said.
The institute observed in making the new set of selections that many car companies had responded to last year’s awards by improving safety features on their cars and SUVs.
Although only 38 new vehicles were initially included in the 2017 Top Safety Pick Plus category, a full 69 had earned that distinction by this fall, the IIHS report said.
“The  numbers will go up too,” Lund predicted. “I think we will have 10 or more vehicles added to the list within the next few months.”
Lund also predicted that automakers not currently meeting the criteria will improve their vehicles in the year or years to come, just as in years past car companies have built their vehicles to a higher standard in order to gain the IIHS seal of approval.
Standards that few could meet a decade ago are now common — such as the driver-side frontal overlap crash, which almost all automakers currently meet.
The test sends a vehicle into a barrier at 40 mph with 25% of the vehicle’s front end overlapping the barrier on the driver side, according to the institute. It mimics what happens when the front driver-side corner of a vehicle collides with another vehicle or with an obstacle such as a tree or utility pole.
“We introduced the driver-side frontal overlap crash in 2012, and very few vehicles did well on that test at the time,” Lund said. “Now they are going to improve the structure on the passenger side of the vehicle so that passengers are getting the same protection as the driver.”