Officials negotiating an expansive 12-nation Pacific trade accord were gearing up to talk through the night Saturday and possibly into Sunday in a desperate attempt to break a stalemate over drug patents and reach a final deal on the long-elusive agreement.
Since high-level talks on the Trans-Pacific Partnership began Wednesday in Atlanta, officials from the U.S., Japan, Canada and nine other trading partners appear to have made significant headway in overcoming two of three big obstacles that have stood in the way of the biggest free-trade deal in a generation.
Reports from Atlanta indicated that trade officials have come to terms on certain rules involving the foreign content of autos and auto parts. And industry sources said they saw a compromise on market access for dairy goods, which are highly protected in Canada and other countries.
But there were still sharp differences over patent lengths for certain complex drugs known as biologics. U.S. trade officials, under pressure from the powerful pharmaceutical industry, are said to be seeking a standard of eight years of intellectual property protection for these drugs before generic substitutes can be made.
Most of the dozen Trans-Pacific Partnership countries provide for five or fewer years of such protection, and negotiators from Australia, Chile and some other countries have been reluctant to extend patent terms that many fear could could delay patient access to cheaper imitation drugs and also strain government health budgets. Protests in Atlanta have largely focused on this issue.
People monitoring the talks in Atlanta said a news conference that had been scheduled for Saturday afternoon was postponed. Japan’s chief trade official, Akira Amari, said Saturday that he agreed to a U.S. request to stay in Atlanta for an additional 24 hours, according to Reuters.
“I said there were two conditions for us to accept that proposal: First, this would be the last chance, in other words there had to be certainty of getting a deal on pharmaceuticals; second, because of the schedule, Japan could not accept any further extension,” Amari told reporters.
Peter Maybarduk, Public Citizen’s program director for global access to medicines, who has been closely following the talks in Atlanta, said Saturday evening: ''U.S. and Big Pharma may have to cave to other countries.’'
Negotiators had initially scheduled talks through Thursday, and many were hopeful that the parties would reach a deal after an embarrassing failure two months ago in Hawaii.
The Trans-Pacific Partnership is an ambitious effort to link closely 12 nations that make up 40% of the world economy. The U.S. joined the talks in 2008, and since then there have been multiple rounds of negotiations involving hundreds of tariff items and rules on various aspects of trade and investment, including labor, state-owned enterprises, e-commerce and the environment.
President Obama has made the Pacific trade accord a top priority, a key element in his strategy to reorient American foreign policy toward the Asia-Pacific region. The White House said Obama on Thursday talked with Australia’s new prime minister, Malcolm Turnbull, about the Trans-Pacific Partnership, or TPP.
“The two leaders reaffirmed their commitment to concluding TPP soon,” the White House said in a statement.
Follow me on Twitter at @dleelatimes.