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Essential Arts: It’s time to redesign the electoral map

Workers stand on a gargantuan electoral map of the U.S. in the ice rink at Rockefeller Center.
In an image from the 2008 presidential contest, workers change state colors on the ice rink at the NBC News “Election Plaza” in New York’s Rockefeller Center as the vote came in.
(Associated Press)

Election day is now election week, so thank goodness I’ve been amply supplied with bourbon and Doritos. I’m Carolina A. Miranda, columnist at the Los Angeles Times, with your weekly dose of all things culture:

Scrap the electoral map

To survive a presidential election is to have the U.S. electoral map branded into our skulls. These cartographic depictions take our vast United States and reduce every nuance of politics down to a dichotomy of blue and red — no texture permitted.

President Trump may have won Texas with nearly 5.9 million votes (as of Friday afternoon), but former Vice President Joe Biden still raked in more than 5.2 million votes in the state. This reality is not reflected in the electoral maps blanketing every news website — leaving one to think that everybody in Texas is a Republican. (The vote tally indicates that more than 5 million people would beg to disagree.)

And what about blue-blue California, where the map overlooks the nearly 4.2 million people who voted for Trump? Or Nebraska, which actually splits its electoral votes? Biden won one of the five electoral votes in that state, yet Nebraska is nonetheless shown on most electoral maps as a sea of red — which is not just a distortion, it’s patently incorrect. (Kudos to MSNBC’s exuberant Steve Kornacki for showing Nebraska marked by blue and red stripes.)

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In addition, the electoral map as we know it distorts the size of the different voting populations. The state of my birth, Wyoming, is the 10th largest U.S. state by area, but with a population of only 579,000 people, it has only three electoral votes. Yet its broad swath of redness plays an outsized role in our electoral maps. New Jersey, by contrast, with 9 million people and 14 electoral votes, takes up far less room.

A map of the U.S. shows states in red or blue
A traditional electoral map of the U.S. from 2016 shows states won by Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump in that year’s presidential election.
(Jetpack.AI)

Naturally, this design reflects the design of our electoral system, in which the votes for president are tabulated by state in a winner-takes-all fashion — part of the electoral college system (which, frankly, has no place in a 21st century democracy). But as these maps continue to be widely employed by media across the political spectrum, they systematically reinforce the idea that the U.S. is either Red Territory or Blue Territory without overlap or exception. And that is wrong.

In response, designers have been trying to find better, more nuanced ways to visualize election data — such as the unusual honeycomb-patterned map, created by the politics site FiveThirtyEight, which shows electoral college votes from the 2016 election to scale. Likewise, Greg Albers, an L.A.-based digital publisher who writes about issues of digital literacy, created an experimental map that shows the U.S. in gradients of purple.

During this election, France’s Le Monde has experimented with more proportional graphics, showing the number of electoral votes for each state laid over a geographical map — so Wyoming is marked by three red blocks, while New Jersey gets 14 blue ones. And the New York Times has also been experimenting with map design on its election site, including a Blokus-style electoral votes map, but the page opens with a traditional electoral map and you have to click through to find the alternates.

This week, a series of GIF maps created by Karim Douieb, co-founder of Jetpack.AI, a data science company based in Brussels, went viral for showing different ways in which election data might be displayed in map form. His designs, first released in 2019, visualize election returns in ways that give more texture to where and how Americans are voting.

As he notes in an online presentation: “Acres don’t vote, people do.”

Case in point, the two maps below:

A U.S. map shows county-by-county breakdowns of election results in blue and red.
An electoral map rendered in a traditional style shows county-by-county data from the 2016 presidential election.
(Jetpack.AI)
Bubbles in blue and red and different scales laid over a U.S. map show where voting took place.
An electoral map by Karim Douieb shows voting by population rather than strictly by geography. In place of vast swaths of red or blue, the map reveals the mixed nature of voting patterns.
(Jetpack.AI)

Douieb says he was inspired to create his maps after seeing a tweet posted last year by Lara Trump (a former TV producer who is married to Eric Trump) that showed a traditional county-by-county map along with the inscription, “Try to impeach this.”

“I took that as a challenge,” he tells me via email. “The picture she was showing was plain wrong given the context. By that I mean that it is an accurate map (displaying what party won each county) but used in a misleading way.”

While designing better maps won’t fix the fractures in our electoral system, they can help tell a better story about who we are and the spaces that we share.

“I believe traditional electoral maps are not bad as such,” says Douieb, “but they are often used in a misleading way as they advantage geographical accuracy over electoral importance ... [And] they don’t represent how the people voted nor are they a good representation of how the electoral system works.”

Our country is more complicated than blue and red. To illustrate that, I’d like to go back to Wyoming — specifically, Casper, the town where I was born. In 2017, Marcus Patrick Ellsworth reported this very wonderful story about the LGBTQ community in Casper for MTV News.

“There is a tendency among certain swaths of liberals and leftists to disregard entire states like Wyoming,” he wrote, “places where the populace tends to vote Republican and pass regressive laws.”

But look beyond the red, he adds, and you’ll find that “places like Casper, homes of fearless resistance waged out of necessity, shine bright with hope when seen up close.”

We need maps that speak to that.

Election theater and more

Performance artist and comedian Kristina Wong serves as an elected representative on her neighborhood council in Koreatown. That political journey is now fodder for a new work of theater that is streaming courtesy of the Center Theatre Group and the Broad Stage. “Kristina Wong for Public Office,” writes Times theater critic Charles McNulty, “champions inclusion through ironic commentary that captures our national muddles in the squabbles of a neighborhood bureaucracy.” Best of all? He reports that you’ll feel “saner” after the show.

Kristina Wong takes the stage in a white suit before an American flag.
Kristina Wong in “Kristina Wong for Public Office” — captured at the Kirk Douglas Theatre in Culver City.
(Center Theatre Group)

McNulty also reviews “November,” a film by Phillip Youmans that is a response to poet and artist Claudia Rankine’s play “Help,” which had been in previews at the Shed in New York when the pandemic landed. At the heart of the work is a Black woman who refuses to be silenced. “The stage’s loss has turned into the screen’s gain,” he writes, “in this beautiful mixed media homage of words, bodies and images.” And he reports that it’s perfectly timed for our turbulent election season.

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Chris Mann has been a contestant on “The Voice” and the lead in a touring production of “The Phantom of the Opera,” and now he has become a viral sensation with his song parodies. He talks to The Times’ Michael Ordoña about his new album “Noise” and his newfound fame as a parodist, which began early on in the pandemic: “All of my concerts are canceled ... Everyone was freaking out. Toilet paper was gone. It was panic and I came home and wrote ‘My Corona.’”

And contributor Nikki Munoz reviews a socially distanced production of Jon Lawrence Rivera’s “March,” staged in the parking garage of the LGBT Center’s Lily Tomlin/Jane Wagner Cultural Arts Center. The story takes place 25 years in the future ... in the middle of a pandemic.

Election landscape

Election season has filled me with lady rage. And to channel it, I highly recommend taking a gander at painter Judith Bernstein’s bawdy, funny, righteously exasperated solo show at the Box in the Arts District. In large canvases that are wildly scatological and very acerbic, she skewers the toxic masculinity that seems to have infused just about every aspect of politics.

On election day, I took a tour around Los Angeles as businesses boarded up in anticipation of electoral strife. Trump got his wall. But it’s not great. And it’s not on the border. And Mexico is not paying for it. Instead, it’s all over town and it’s made from plywood. Though as I note in my visual diary, some of this architecture of unrest does make an attempt to be aesthetically pleasing.

In the Arts District in downtown Los Angeles, some artful plywood barricades on election day.
(Carolina A. Miranda / Los Angeles Times)

Listening notes

This week, Mark Swed continues his deep listening tour with Osvaldo Golijov’s 2004 song cycle “Ayre,” which focuses on songs from the Andalusian Middle Ages. The “often theatrical” 40-minute, 11-part cycle, writes Swed, shows the ways in which music can embrace myriad traditions, including Jewish, Arab and Christian. “How little you have to change to go from one culture to another,” Golijov once said, “maybe even nothing.”

An illustration in pink and purple Osvaldo Golijov
Argentine-born composer Osvaldo Golijov.
(Micah Fluellen / Los Angeles Times)

Find Swed’s entire “How to Listen” series right here.

L.A. fashion

As fall lands, my colleague Daniel Hernandez explores his deep sartorial appreciation of crew socks and shorts — for the look known as “L.A. Guy.” Naturally, it means that he also gets mistaken for a “homie” or a “cholo” — which is “laughable,” he writes, “but a reality nonetheless.”

Daniel Hernandez rocks the crew socks and shorts look.
Daniel Hernandez rocks the crew socks and shorts look.
(Bijou Karman / For the Times)

Essential happenings

Since we could all use a break from the doom scrolling, Matt Cooper has graciously rounded up 13 culture picks to give your cable TV-addled brain a rest. On the docket are a streamed Kylie Minogue concert and Perla Batalla’s “Discoteca Batalla,” in a performance filmed at Royce Hall. Sounds like perfect election distraction to me.

A photo of Perla Batalla in profile against a red and green background.
Perla Batalla’s performance, “Discoteca Batalla,” will stream on Sunday courtesy of CAP UCLA.
(Guy Webster)

Passages

Doran Ross, a Ghanaian arts scholar who led UCLA’s Fowler Museum in various capacities for 20 years, has died at 73.

Robert Bechtle, a photorealist painter from the Bay Area, who was known for his depictions of the mundanities of middle-class life, is dead at 88.

Enzo Mari, a Milanese industrial designer intent on making functional objects that also brought pleasure to the worker who made them, has died at 88.

In other news

Mexico has asked the Vatican for the temporary return of Indigenous manuscripts, including the Codex Borgia, one of the best-preserved pre-Columbian painted manuscripts.
— A report by the Australian Strategic Policy Institute shows that two-thirds of Uighur mosques have been destroyed or damaged as the Chinese government continues its campaign of iconoclasm.
The story behind the lightning bolt symbol being used in Poland’s pro-choice marches.
— The Philip Guston retrospective that was postponed until 2024 over uncertainty related to the content will now start touring in 2022.
— An attempt to build a monument to Maya Angelou in San Francisco turned into a debacle. City Hall is now making amends.
— The National Endowment of the Humanities is allocating $90,000 to repair statues toppled during the summer’s protests.
— Chicago’s Lori Waxman has a good piece on what it means when there is no critic to engage the art of a community.
— An architecture critic won a state Senate seat in Pennsylvania.
A good essay about the crisis of deferred maintenance.
— Curbed’s Alissa Walker has the needed take on the passage of Prop. 22: “Uber and Lyft have proved they are able to outright purchase legislation that allows them to shape local transportation policy while actively undermining existing public services.”
— It seems like a good time to read Andrew Russeth’s story about art about waiting.
A little bit of fashion eye candy: ballerinas photographed by Elizaveta Porodina model Carolina Herrera’s latest.

And last but not least ...

If you want to stress eat and be high-brow about it, try these nine recipes from ancient Rome and Greece. I’m here for the very garlicky cheese.


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