It's tempting to think of the latest oil-drilling news as a victory:
Certainly, Shell's withdrawal is a victory — although perhaps a temporary one — for the environment. Drilling in the seas off Alaska is particularly risky because of stormy waters and unpredictable ice. The area is also home to important marine species, especially walrus, which could be endangered by spills, among other things. Because no one believed there was enough oil in the Arctic to power the United States for more than four years, drilling operations in the area were never worth the risk. Now, with an even more disappointing show of oil under the seafloor and oil prices crashing, Shell decided that, at least for the foreseeable future, it was indeed not worth the risk.
But in terms of policy, the environment has not won. Shell's decision was based in large part on the current price of oil, as was Chevron's. Exxon held off on its exploration plans in the Russian Arctic because of a political dispute between the United States and Russia; a consortium that included Exxon abandoned plans in the Canadian Arctic, saying it could not complete the necessary work before its lease would expire. But if any of a number of factors change — raise the price of oil, find a somewhat more bountiful supply in the seas, resolve political disagreements — oil companies will be flocking back. The environment wasn't part of the consideration here.
To be sure, Shell officials took a swipe at federal regulators, calling the regulatory climate difficult and unpredictable after the Interior Department imposed added requirements for renewed drilling. (The company had been forced to halt earlier efforts after serious mishaps at sea.) That could well be, but it's the government's job to protect the environment by whatever requirements are necessary, and most of the limits imposed on Shell had been worked out with the company over the last several years. It's true that late in the game, the Interior Department imposed additional rules barring Shell from drilling two wells at the same time within a short distance of each other, but that was to protect the area's walrus population.
In the end, Shell decided that for now, the costs were not worth the benefits. But the oil company is talking about the economic costs, while the bigger concern should be the environmental risks. This is an opportunity for the federal government, which never should have allowed the Shell project to go forward, to reevaluate its policies in the still-pristine waters off Alaska. At this point, the nation's energy efforts should be focused on cleaner sources that don't contribute to global warming, thus protecting the Arctic from both drilling and from the already troubling effects of climate change.