House votes to override Trump’s veto of defense bill

President Trump outside the White House.
President Trump vetoed the defense bill last week. but Congress is moving to overturn the veto.
(Patrick Semansky / Associated Press)

The Democratic-controlled House voted Monday to override President Trump’s veto of a defense policy bill.

House members voted 322-87 to override the veto, well above the two-thirds needed to override. If approved by two-thirds of the Senate, the override would be the first of Trump’s presidency.

President Trump has failed to get Congress to amend a COVID relief bill or to back his veto of a defense bill. But he has disrupted Washington, and that’s his point.

Dec. 28, 2020

Trump rejected the defense bill last week, saying it failed to limit social media companies he claims were biased against him during his failed reelection campaign. Trump also opposes language that allows for the renaming of military bases that honor Confederate leaders.


The defense bill, known as the National Defense Authorization Act, or NDAA, affirms 3% pay raises for U.S. troops and authorizes more than $740 billion in military programs and construction and has broad bipartisan support in Congress.

Trump’s veto of the bill provoked swift condemnation, with House Speaker Nancy Pelosi (D-San Francisco) calling it “an act of staggering recklessness that harms our troops, endangers our security and undermines the will of the bipartisan Congress.”

Sen. Jim Inhofe (R-Okla.), chairman of the Senate Armed Services Committee, called the bill “absolutely vital to our national security and our troops,” adding, “Our men and women who volunteer to wear the uniform shouldn’t be denied what they need — ever.”

Trump has offered a series of rationales for rejecting the bill. He urged lawmakers to impose limits on Twitter and other social media companies, which he claims are biased against him, as well as to strip out language that allows for the renaming of military bases such as Ft. Benning and Ft. Hood that honor Confederate leaders. Trump also claimed without evidence that the biggest winner from the defense bill would be China.

In his veto message, Trump said the bill restricted his ability to conduct foreign policy, “particularly my efforts to bring our troops home.” Trump was referring to provisions in the bill that imposed conditions on his plan to withdraw thousands of troops from Afghanistan and Germany. The measures require the Pentagon to submit reports certifying that the proposed withdrawals will not jeopardize U.S. national security.

Both the House and Senate passed the measure by margins large enough to override a veto. Trump has vetoed eight other bills, but those were all sustained because supporters did not gain the two-thirds vote needed in each chamber for the bills to become law without Trump’s signature.


President Trump’s veto tees up his first override by Congress. He sought language penalizing online platforms and opposed renaming military bases.

Dec. 23, 2020

Rhode Island Sen. Jack Reed, the top Democrat on the Senate Armed Services Committee, said Trump’s declaration that China gained from the defense bill was false. He also noted the shifting explanations Trump had given for the veto.

“From Confederate base names to social media liability provisions ... to imaginary and easily refutable charges about China,” Reed said, “it’s hard to keep track of President Trump’s unprincipled, irrational excuses for vetoing this bipartisan bill.”

Reed called the Dec. 23 veto “Trump’s parting gift to [Russian President Vladimir] Putin and a lump of coal for our troops. Donald Trump is showing more devotion to Confederate base names than to the men and women who defend our nation.”

Rep. Adam Smith (D-Wash.), chairman of the House Armed Services Committee, said Trump’s veto “made it clear that he does not care about the needs of our military personnel and their families.’’

The measure guides Pentagon policy and cements decisions about troop levels, new weapons systems and military readiness, personnel policy and other military goals. Many programs, including military construction, can only go into effect if the bill is approved.


Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-Ky.), in a rare break with Trump, had urged passage of the defense bill despite Trump’s veto threat. McConnell said it was important for Congress to continue its nearly six-decade-long streak of passing the defense policy bill.