Major League Baseball suspended Alex Rodriguez, the game's highest-paid player and active career home run leader, for using performance-enhancing drugs, reflecting Commissioner Bud Selig's determination to root out cheaters and impose stiff penalties as a deterrent.
Rodriguez, the New York Yankees third baseman and a three-time American League most valuable player, received the harshest drug-related sanctions in the game's history Monday. He was banned for the remainder of this season and all of 2014 — 211 games in all.
Also suspended were 12 other players, including All-Stars Nelson Cruz of the Texas Rangers, Jhonny Peralta of the Detroit Tigers and Everth Cabrera of the San Diego Padres. Those 50-game penalties formed what is now MLB's largest single case of sanctions.
The punishments all stem from an MLB investigation into Biogenesis, a now-closed anti-aging clinic in Coral Gables, Fla., that provided substances that players used to help build strength and recover more quickly from injuries.
Rodriguez said he would appeal his suspension, which was due to take effect Thursday. During his appeal, he will be allowed to continue playing and draw his salary. He has been recovering from hip surgery and made his season debut for the Yankees in Chicago against the White Sox, singling in his first at-bat only hours after his punishment was announced.
Speaking before the game, Rodriguez refused to say whether he had used performance-enhancing drugs. "Obviously I'm disappointed," he said. "What we've always fought for is the process, and … at some point we'll sit in front of an arbiter and we'll give our case. That's as much as I feel comfortable saying right now."
Although Rodriguez has never failed an MLB drug test, he has admitted using now-banned performance-enhancing substances while playing for the Texas Ranger from 2001 to 2003, before players were tested.
First-time offenders receive 50-game suspensions, but in a statement Major League Baseball said it was punishing Rodriguez "based on his use and possession of numerous forms of prohibited performance-enhancing substances, including testosterone and human growth hormone, over the course of multiple years."
MLB also said Rodriguez had attempted to "cover up his violations of the Program by engaging in a course of conduct intended to obstruct and frustrate the Office of the Commissioner's investigation."
The suspensions stemmed not from baseball's regular drug-testing but from an eight-month MLB investigation into Biogenesis, which provided performance-enhancing substances to athletes in several sports. The clinic's founder and director, Tony Bosch, cooperated with authorities by providing records and other documents that baseball officials say proved the players violated baseball's drug rules.
Rodriguez will remain eligible to play until arbitrator Fredric Horowitz rules on his case. That could take months, during which time Rodriguez could add to his lifetime statistics — he is fifth on baseball's career home run list with 647, 13 shy of Willie Mays.
Michael Weiner, executive director of baseball's players' union, said he would back Rodriguez in fighting the suspension, making the case that the commissioner did not act properly under MLB's collective bargaining agreement with its players.
Rodriguez's suspension would cost him $38 million in salary and possibly end his career. By the end of 2014, he would have missed two entire seasons as he approached his 40th birthday.
The suspensions of players who had not tested positive for the drugs have highlighted the weakness of MLB's testing procedures and the number of players who have found ways to hide drug use, said Travis Tygart, chief executive of the U.S. Anti-Doping Agency.
"Athletes with resources will attempt to circumvent the drug-testing process, which is why it's important to hold them accountable when they cheat with these measures," he said.
Unlike other major U.S. sports, Major League Baseball supplements its testing program with investigators who pursue leads such as those that emerged in the Biogenesis case.
Several major league players called on their union to push for stricter penalties for drug use, something Weiner said would be discussed.
"There's been a huge change in the ways players view this," said pitcher Chris Capuano, one of the Dodgers' union representatives. "A lot of guys have been outspoken in wanting to clean up the game and wanting guys that are trying to cheat to get punished."
Angels pitcher C.J. Wilson said the situation stemmed from greed. "The players want to do well because they want to get bigger contracts," he said. "That money they earn is tainted, just like their statistics are. Hopefully we can take this as a lesson, for everybody watching, all the clean players, that we're cleaning up the game and getting rid of the incentive to do this stuff."
In addition to Cruz, Cabrera and Peralta, also accepting suspensions without pay were Yankees catcher Francisco Cervelli, Philadelphia pitcher Antonio Bastardo, New York Mets outfielder Jordany Valdespin and Seattle catcher Jesus Montero.
Bastardo's suspension drew an immediate response from former big-league reliever Dan Meyer, who lost a battle with the left-hander for the final spot in the Philadelphia Phillies' bullpen in 2011. "Hey Antonio Bastardo remember when we competed for a job in 2011. Thx alot …" Meyer tweeted.
Minor leaguers suspended for their association with Biogenesis were Yankees outfielder Fernando Martinez, Mets outfielder Cesar Puello, Houston pitcher Sergio Escalona and free-agent pitchers Fautino De los Santos and Jordan Norbert.
Former National League MVP Ryan Braun of the Milwaukee Brewers was given a 65-game suspension last month as a result of his ties to Biogenesis. Toronto outfielder Melky Cabrera, Oakland pitcher Bartolo Colon and San Diego catcher Yasmani Grandal, each of whom served 50-game drug suspensions last season, were not additionally disciplined, MLB announced.
"Hopefully, this will be the end of it," said Dodgers hitting coach Mark McGwire, an admitted steroid user who at one time held baseball's single-season home run record.
"Wish I never was a part of it. Everybody, especially the players, they don't want any more part of it."