Over-the-counter COVID-19 test will soon be available in U.S.

A self-administered rapid coronavirus at home test kit
A self-administered rapid COVID-19 test kit developed by Australian manufacturer Ellume.
(Associated Press)

The first home test for COVID-19 that doesn’t require a prescription will soon be on U.S. store shelves.

U.S. regulators Tuesday authorized the rapid test, which can be conducted entirely at home. The announcement by the Food and Drug Administration represents another important — though incremental — step in efforts to expand COVID-19 testing options.

Regulators granted emergency use for a similar home test last month, but that one needs a doctor’s prescription.


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The agency’s action Tuesday allows for sales in places like drugstores, “where a patient can buy it, swab their nose, run the test and find out their results in as little as 20 minutes,” said FDA Commissioner Stephen Hahn in a statement.

Initial supplies of the over-the-counter test will be limited. Australian manufacturer Ellume said it expects to produce 3 million tests next month before ramping up production over the first half of 2021.

A company spokesperson said the test will be priced around $30 and will be available at pharmacies and for purchase online.

The kit includes a nasal swab, a chemical solution and a testing strip. The test connects digitally to a smartphone app that displays the results and helps users interpret them. Users can also connect with a health professional via the app.

For months, health experts have stressed the need for fast, widespread home testing so that people can screen themselves and avoid contact with others if they have an infection. But the vast majority of tests still require a nasal swab performed by a health worker that must be processed at high-tech laboratories; that typically means waiting days for results. About 25 tests allow people to collect their own sample at home — a nasal swab or saliva — but that is shipped to a lab.

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Ellume’s test looks for viral proteins shed by the coronavirus, different from the gold-standard tests that look for the genetic material of the virus.


FDA officials noted that, like other tests that scan for proteins, Ellume’s can deliver a small percentage of false positive and false negative results. People who get a negative result but have COVID-19 symptoms should follow up with a health professional, the agency said.

The U.S. is currently testing nearly 2 million people daily. Most health experts agree that the country needs to be testing many times more, and researchers at Harvard have pushed for cheap, paper-based home tests.

Dr. Michael Mina of Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health called the new test “a great addition” to existing options, though he cautioned that its price could limit access.

“This is a milestone, with reservations,” Mina said in an email. “I just hope it doesn’t drive more of a wedge between haves and have nots.”

For people with insurance, federal law requires that plans cover the cost of COVID-19 testing.