OPEC secretary-general dies weeks before term ends

Mohammad Barkindo, secretary-general of OPEC
Mohammad Barkindo speaks at a 2017 event in Houston. The secretary-general of oil consortium OPEC died late Tuesday, Nigerian officials say.
(Melissa Phillip / Houston Chronicle)

The secretary-general of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries has died, Nigerian authorities and the oil cartel announced Wednesday. Only hours before his death, he’d met with Nigeria’s president and spoken in defense of the energy industry amid increasing pressure for action on climate change.

Mohammad Barkindo, 63, died late Tuesday, a spokesperson for Nigeria’s petroleum ministry told the Associated Press. The reason for his death was not immediately known. OPEC, the Vienna-based oil cartel, also confirmed his death, saying he was a “much-loved leader” of the organization.

His death came as a surprise to industry insiders. His second term as head of OPEC was set to end in three weeks, on July 31. He’d held the post for nearly six years, since August 2016.


Barkindo’s death was first confirmed in a tweet by the managing director of the Nigerian National Petroleum Corp., Mele Kyari. OPEC’s statement said Barkindo’s last words to friends were that he was happy to have concluded his tenure as secretary-general, that he’d served the best he could and that he was proud of those who’d served with him.

Barkindo led OPEC through some of its most turbulent times, including during the pandemic, when oil prices plummeted from declining demand. During his tenure as head of OPEC, he worked to keep the positions of its various members unified.

His role representing OPEC took on even greater significance in past years amid the global effort to tackle climate change. Barkindo used his platform to advocate a bigger role for the energy industry in conversations about the energy transition, positioning himself firmly on the side of oil producers who say more investments in oil and gas are needed until the world is able to run on alternative forms of energy.

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“Our industry is now facing huge challenges along multiple fronts, and these threaten our investment potential now and in the longer term. To put it bluntly, the oil and gas industry is under siege,” he said shortly before his death at an energy conference in Nigeria.

Scientists and authors of United Nations-backed studies say the world needs to cut by more than half its production of coal, oil and gas in the coming decade to maintain a chance of keeping global warming from reaching dangerous levels. To do this, they say investments in oil and gas must stop and be rerouted to cleaner forms of energy.

Barkindo’s legacy might be most tied to his final years overseeing OPEC as the group entered into an agreement known as OPEC+ with major non-OPEC oil producer Russia. That agreement, which is set to expire this year, helped to steady the volatile oil market during the pandemic, though it has come under increased scrutiny and criticism amid current high oil prices and as the U.S. and other Western nations try to squeeze Russia’s economy over the war in Ukraine.


OPEC member states accounted for around 48% of all world crude oil exports last year. Saudi Arabia is by far the biggest exporter of crude within OPEC, with 6.23 million barrels per day of crude exports last year. Non-OPEC producer Russia exported 4.5 million barrels of crude last year.

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Barkindo’s successor, Haitham al-Ghais, a veteran of the Kuwait Petroleum Corp., was set to assume the post in August.

Born in the eastern Nigeria city of Yola, Barkindo began his career with the Nigerian Mining Corp. in 1982 before holding multiple roles over more than two decades at the Nigerian National Petroleum Corp., including as its CEO. He also served as the deputy managing director of Nigerian Liquefied Natural Gas.

He led Nigeria’s technical delegation to the U.N. climate change negotiations for years and served several terms as vice president of the United Nations Climate Change Conference of the Parties.

He attended university in Nigeria before earning a post-graduate degree in petroleum economics from Oxford University in England and an MBA from Washington University in the U.S.

At a meeting in Abuja on Tuesday, Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari told Barkindo: “Welcome back home!”, according to an OPEC readout of the meeting. Buhari also congratulated Barkindo on his tenure at OPEC. Nigeria has been a member of OPEC for 50 years.


Barkindo was set to join the Atlantic Council as a distinguished fellow next month, after finishing his term at OPEC. He was a frequent speaker at the Atlantic Council’s global energy forum.