Afghanistan is the world’s most repressive country for women, the U.N. says

Afghan woman weaving a carpet on a loom
An Afghan woman weaves a carpet at a factory in Kabul on Monday.
(Ebrahim Noroozi / Associated Press)

Since the Taliban takeover of Afghanistan, the country has become the most repressive in the world for women and girls, who are deprived of many of their basic rights, the United Nations said Wednesday.

In a statement released on International Women’s Day, the U.N. said that Afghanistan’s new rulers have shown an almost “singular focus on imposing rules that leave most women and girls effectively trapped in their homes.”

Despite initial promises of a more moderate stance, the Taliban has imposed harsh measures since seizing power in August 2021 as U.S. and NATO forces were in the final weeks of their pullout from Afghanistan after two decades of war.


They have banned girls’ education beyond sixth grade and women from public spaces such as parks and gyms. Women are also barred from working at national and international non-governmental organizations and have been ordered to cover themselves from head to toe.

“Afghanistan under the Taliban remains the most repressive country in the world regarding women’s rights,” said Roza Otunbayeva, special representative of the U.N. secretary-general and head of the world body’s mission to Afghanistan.

“It has been distressing to witness their methodical, deliberate, and systematic efforts to push Afghan women and girls out of the public sphere,” she added.

Aid workers say the Taliban’s ban on women working for nongovernmental organizations is already hurting humanitarian efforts to keep Afghans alive.

Jan. 12, 2023

The restrictions, especially the bans on education and NGO work, have drawn fierce international condemnation. But the Taliban has shown no signs of backing down, claiming that the bans are temporary suspensions put in place because women were not wearing the Islamic headscarf, or hijab, correctly and because gender segregation rules were not being followed.

As for the ban on university education, the Taliban government has said that some of the subjects being taught were not in line with Afghan and Islamic values.

“Confining half of the country’s population to their homes in one of the world’s largest humanitarian and economic crises is a colossal act of national self-harm,” Otunbayeva said.


“It will condemn not only women and girls but all Afghans to poverty and aid-dependency for generations to come,” she said. “It will further isolate Afghanistan from its own citizens and from the rest of the world.”

Though it pledged to respect the rights of Afghan women and girls, the Taliban is turning back the clock on their education and presence in public life.

Nov. 21, 2022

At a carpet factory in Kabul, women who were former government employees, high school or university students now spend their days weaving carpets.

“We all live like prisoners — we feel that we are caught in a cage,” said Hafiza, 22, who goes by her first name only and who was a first-year law student before the Taliban banned women from attending classes at her university. “The worst situation is when your dreams are shattered, and you are punished for being a woman.”

The U.N. mission to Afghanistan said it has recorded an almost constant stream of discriminatory edicts and measures against women since the Taliban takeover. Women’s right to travel or work outside the confines of their home and access to spaces is largely restricted, and they have also been excluded from all levels of public decision-making.

“The implications of the harm the Taliban are inflicting on their own citizens goes beyond women and girls,” said Alison Davidian, the special representative for U.N. Women in Afghanistan.

No official from the Taliban-led government was immediately available for comment.

At the carpet factory, 18-year-old Shahida, who also uses only one name, said she had been in 10th grade at a Kabul high school when her education was cut short.

“We just demand from the government to reopen schools and educational centers for us and give us our rights,” she said.

Ahead of International Women’s Day, about 200 Afghan female small business owners put together an exhibition of their products in Kabul. Most complained of losing business since the Taliban takeover.

“I don’t expect Taliban to respect women’s rights,” said one of them, Tamkin Rahimi. “Women here cannot practice [their] rights and celebrate Women’s Day, because we cannot go to school, university or go to work, so I think we don’t have any day to celebrate.”