Most everything else about the game ball is up to the Bears. It can be leather. Or not. It can be 29 1/2 inches, or 30. If he wants to, California Coach Cuonzo Martin can stitch the game ball himself.
College basketball allows a quirk unseen in most other major sports. The NCAA sets basic parameters for a basketball, but the home team is free to choose whatever ball it desires. The balls often differ significantly game to game.
California, which hosts both UCLA and
"There's a reason people don't lose at home," USC guard Elijah Stewart said. "I've been saying that since AAU. Some teams will have home-court advantage, pull out a nasty ball. And that gives you the extra advantage sometimes. Sometimes the ball even weighs different."
Most college teams prepare for the difference. In the week before a road game, USC and UCLA practice only with their opponent's model.
"It might not seem like a whole lot, but when you're a shooter, when you're a guy who has the ball in their hands a lot, it's difficult to get into a rhythm when you're switching balls every other game," UCLA point guard Bryce Alford said.
When Alford shoots a free throw, for example, he spins the ball until his finger lands on the rubber air valve. On Adidas balls, a smooth, indented bar code burrows directly below the valve. The ball feels different rolling off his finger.
Players can be picky about their preferred model. The
The players hated it.
Former Lakers guard
"The ball just tears them apart," he said. "It's kind of like paper cuts."
The NBA switched back in midseason.
In college, each player has his favorite style of ball. Some players complained that Adidas balls were slippery, so Adidas added deeper grooves. Wilsons are grippy and soft, almost buttery.
Alford loves Spalding's model, but he's never played with it in college. Stewart described the Under Armour model as rougher and denser. It's also his favorite.
"Even though they're heavier, they sit heavier up in your hands, so you can give it more flick to your wrist," Stewart said.
Wilson balls, he said, "grip the backboard more, versus a Nike, which just slides naturally."
Most schools ignore preference and stick with their affiliated brands. Among power-conference teams, 41 use Nike, by far the leader.
The NCAA uses a Wilson ball during the NCAA tournament, so nine power-conference schools use Wilson throughout the season. UCLA switched from Adidas to Wilson before last season.
Other tournaments, like the
In the Pac-12 Conference, nine teams use Nike. (
Elsewhere, diversity abounds. Big Ten Conference teams navigate brands like
"You don't go to the Clippers' stadium and play with a Nike and then go to
David Worlock, the NCAA's director of media coordination for basketball, said the NCAA can't legislate beyond its postseason tournaments. "It is not under the NCAA's purview to determine which manufacturers of various game equipment should be used," he said.
For other college sports, the difference isn't as pronounced. In football, each offense can use its own ball, even on the road. Baseball home teams supply their own game balls, but the NCAA provides stricter standards, down to the height of the laces.
The NCAA's basketball guidelines are liberal. A ball must have eight panels of pebbled leather or composite material. It can weigh between 20 and 22 ounces.
Virtually every team uses a 29 1/2-inch ball.
Despite certain bounciness and air-pressure standards, no two game balls feel the same, many players interviewed for this report said. As the balls are broken in, they develop unique characteristics, like a baseball mitt.
"It's not a Deflategate deal," he said.
Stewart, though, sometimes suspects trickery. During shoot-arounds on the road, he said, he has noticed some teams supply "all those beat balls. It's not like the balls the home team plays with."
"Oh, I'd rather not say," Stewart said. "But it happens."
The Trojans seems to prefer their own game balls, broken in to their own standards. In conference play, they are just 2-5 on the road, with one trip left to Stanford and California.
"Luckily," Stewart said, "both these teams are Nike."