Tracy Chapman won the nominations derby Thursday in the first leg of the record industry's 31st annual Grammy Awards competition.
The folk-minded singer-songwriter's six nominations nosed out jazz singer Bobby McFerrin, who had five, and pop-jazz artist Anita Baker, who picked up four.
Chapman's self-titled debut album, which has sold more than 2 million copies, features the hit single "Fast Car." Her nominations are for best record, album, song, pop vocal, contemporary folk record and new artist.
If the 24-year-old Boston-based artist wins in all categories, it will be the biggest sweep in the history of the recording industry awards. Winners will be announced Feb. 22 during a nationally televised ceremony at the Shrine Auditorium.
McFerrin, who has won five jazz Grammys, was introduced to pop audiences through his hit single "Don't Worry, Be Happy." Besides being nominated for that record, he was also cited for best album ("Simple Pleasures"), pop vocal and song ("Don't Worry, Be Happy"). He was also nominated in the jazz vocal category for a work contained in Rob Wasserman's "Duets" album.
Three-time winner Anita Baker, cited for her hit single "Giving You the Best That I Got," is competing in four categories--best record and song as well as R & B song and R & B vocal.
For best record, Baker's single, Chapman's "Fast Car" and McFerrin's "Don't Worry, Be Happy" are up against Michael Jackson's "Man in the Mirror" and Steve Winwood's "Roll With it."
Winwood's single is from his "Roll With it" album, which is also up for album of the year. His competitors are Chapman, McFerrin, Sting (". . . Nothing Like the Sun") and George Michael ("Faith").
Winwood, who became the first artist to be nominated for best record three years in a row, was also nominated this year for best pop vocal. Sting, a four-time winner, is also up for three awards, including pop vocal and song ("Be Still My Beating Heart").
For best song, a songwriters' award, Sting's challengers are Chapman, McFerrin, Baker and the team of Brenda Russell, Jeff Hall and Scott Cutler, who were nominated for "Piano in the Dark."
This year's big surprise was the failure of British pop sensation George Michael to nab more than two nominations. Michael had figured to be among the leaders in nominations because his "Faith" album received generally favorable reviews and sold more than 6 million copies. Besides the "Faith" album nomination, Michael's only other nod was for pop vocal.
In the best new artist category, Chapman is up against Rick Astley, Toni Childs, the group Take 6 and Vanessa Williams, the dethroned Miss America. Williams made the national pop charts last year with a single, "The Right Stuff."
The winners in the 76 pop and classical categories will be determined by a vote of the more than 7,000 members of the National Assn. of Recording Arts and Sciences. Records released in the United States between Oct. 1, 1987, and Sept. 30, 1988, were eligible.
Two new categories were added this year: rap and hard-rock/metal. The rap nominees included L.L. Cool J, D.J. Jazzy Jeff & the Fresh Prince, Salt-N-Pepa, J.J. Fad and Kool Moe Dee. In hard-rock/metal, the competitors are Metallica, AC-DC, Iggy Pop, Jethro Tull and Jane's Addiction.
Last year, male and female rock vocal nominees were lumped together because there were too few eligible female entries. Since this was banner year for female rockers, they have their own category again. The rock female finalists are Pat Benatar, Melissa Etheridge, Toni Childs, Sinead O'Connor and Tina Turner. The male rock nominees are Eric Clapton, Rod Stewart, Robbie Robertson, Robert Palmer and Joe Cocker.
Vying with Anita Baker for the female R&B; vocal award are Pebbles, Taylor Dayne, Karyn White and Vanessa Williams.
The male R & B contenders are Luther Vandross, Stevie Wonder, Terence Trent D'Arby, Teddy Pendergrass and Al B. Sure!.
In country, the finalists in the best vocal category are Emmylou Harris, K.T. Oslin, K.D. Lang, Reba McEntire and Tanya Tucker. For the male award, the challengers are Dan Seals, Dwight Yoakam, Rodney Crowell, Randy Travis and Lyle Lovett.
There were few surprises in the classical field. Perennial nominees Vladimir Horowitz, Robert Shaw, Georg Solti and Leonard Bernstein--perhaps a sentimental favorite in his 70th year--filled the best album choices.
Trendy long shots from both early and new music appeared on some of the lists. Period specialists Roger Norrington and the London Classical Players received a best orchestral recording bid for their Beethoven's Ninth, and "Nixon in China" was an inevitable nominee for best opera recording.
Also on the best opera list was "A Quiet Place," by Leonard Bernstein and Stephen Wadsworth. Those two new operas headed the best contemporary composition category, which was completed with William Bolcom's Symphony No. 4, Ned Rorem's String Symphony (a best-album pick in the Shaw performance), and "Amour" by Karlheinz Stockhausen.
John Henken also contributed to this article.
The following is a partial list of the nominees for the 31st annual Grammy Awards:
Record: "Don't Worry, Be Happy," Bobby McFerrin. "Fast Car," Tracy Chapman. "Giving You the Best That I Got," Anita Baker. "Man in the Mirror," Michael Jackson. "Roll With It," Steve Winwood.
Album: "Faith," George Michael, ". . . Nothing Like the Sun," Sting. "Roll With It," Steve Winwood. "Simple Pleasures," Bobby McFerrin. "Tracy Chapman," Tracy Chapman.
Song: "Be Still My Beating Heart," Sting. "Don't Worry, Be Happy," Bobby McFerrin. "Fast Car," Tracy Chapman. "Giving You the Best that I Got," Anita Baker. "Piano in the Dark," Brenda Russell.
New Artist: Rick Astley, Tracy Chapman, Toni Childs, Take 6, Vanessa Williams.
Female Pop Vocal: "Chalk Mark in a Rain Storm," Joni Mitchell. "Fast Car," Tracy Chapman. "Get Here," Brenda Russell. "One Moment in Time," Whitney Houston. "Tell It to My Heart," Taylor Dayne.
Male Pop Vocal: "Be Still My Beating Heart," Sting. "Don't Worry, Be Happy," Bobby McFerrin. "Father Figure," George Michael. "A Groovy Kind of Love," Phil Collins. "Roll With It," Steve Winwood.
Female Rock Vocal: "All Fired Up," Pat Benatar. "Bring Me Some Water," Melissa Etheridge. "Don't Walk Away," Toni Childs. "The Lion and the Cobra," Sinead O'Connor. "Tina Live in Europe," Tina Turner.
Male Rock Vocal: "After Midnight," Eric Clapton. "Forever Young," Rod Stewart. "Robbie Robertson" (album), Robbie Robertson. "Simply Irresistible," Robert Palmer. "Unchain My Heart" (album), Joe Cocker.
Rock Vocal, Group or Duo: "Beds Are Burning," Midnight Oil. "Desire," U2. "I Hate Myself for Loving You," Joan Jett and the Blackhearts. "Kick" (album), INXS. "Let It Roll" (album), Little Feat.
Hard Rock/Metal Performance: ". . . And Justice for All," Metallica. "Blow Up Your Video," AC/DC. "Cold Metal," Iggy Pop. "Crest of a Knave," Jethro Tull. "Nothing's Shocking," Jane's Addiction.
Female R&B; Vocal: "Girlfriend," Pebbles. "Giving You the Best That I Got," Anita Baker. "I'll Always Love You," Taylor Dayne. "The Right Stuff," Vanessa Williams. "The Way You Love Me," Karyn White.
Male R&B; Vocal: "Any Love," Luther Vandross. "Characters," Stevie Wonder. "Introducing the Hardline According to Terence Trent D'Arby," Terence Trent D'Arby. "Joy," Teddy Pendergrass. "Nite and Day," Al B. Sure!
Pop Instrumental: "Always With Me, Always With You," Joe Satriani. "Close Up," David Sanborn. "Music From L.A., Law & Otherwise," Mike Post. "Pump Up the Volume," M-A-R-R-S. "Silhouette," Kenny G.
Rock Instrumental: "Blues for Salvador," Carlos Santana. "Guitar," Frank Zappa. "Hideaway," the Jeff Healey Band. "Surfing with the Alien," Joe Satriani. "Writes of Winter," Jimmy Page.
R&B; Vocal, Duo or Group: "Acting This Way," the Robert Cray Band. "Da' Butt," E.U. "If It Isn't Love," New Edition. "Love Overboard," Gladys Knight & the Pips. "Rocket 2 U," the Jets.
R&B; Instrumental: "Coast to Coast," Cornell Dupree & Who It Is. "I Came to Play," Paul Jackson Jr. "Light Years," Chick Corea. "Reflections," George Howard. "So Amazing," Gerald Albright. "What's Going On," Doc Powell.
R&B; Song: "Any Love," Luther Vandross. "Don't Be Cruel," Bobby Brown. "Giving You the Best That I Got," Anita Baker. "I'll Always Love You," Taylor Dayne. "Just Got Paid," Johnny Kemp.
Rap: "Going Back to Cali," L.L. Cool J. "Parents Just Don't Understand," D.J. Jazzy Jeff & The Fresh Prince. "Push It," Salt-N-Pepa. "Supersonic," J.J. Fad. "Wild Wild West," Kool Moe Dee.
Pop Vocal, Duo or Group: "Anything for You" (Spanish version), Gloria Estefan and Miami Sound Machine. "Brasil," Manhattan Transfer. "Kokomo," Beach Boys. "Piano in the Dark," Brenda Russell and Joe Esposito. "Wild, Wild West," the Escape Club.
New Age Performance: "Castalia," Mark Isham. "Down in Belgorod," Paul Winter. "Folksongs for a Nuclear Village," Shadowfax. "Local Color," Steve Khan and Rob Mounsey. "Neverland," Suzanne Ciani.
Female Jazz Vocal: "Autumn Leaves," Rickie Lee Jones. "Fine and Mellow," Carmen McRae. "Look What I Got!" Betty Carter. "The Men in My Life," Lena Horne. "Miss Peggy Lee Sings the Blues," Peggy Lee.
Male Jazz Vocal: "Brother," Bobby McFerrin. "Ever Since the World Ended," Mose Allison. "Live in Montreux," Joao Gilberto. "September Ballads," Mark Murphy. "A Vintage Year," Mel Torme.
Jazz Vocal by Duo or Group: "The Carmen McRae-Betty Carter Duets," Carmen McRae and Betty Carter. "I Won't Leave You Again," Lena Horne and Joe Williams. "One More Rose," Jackie Cain and Roy Kral. "Spread Love," Take 6. "Stings 'N' Swing 'I Remember Bird,' " the Cunninghams.
Jazz Solo Instrumental: "Don't Try This at Home," Michael Brecker. "Duets," Rob Wasserman. "Music from Siesta," Miles Davis. "Random Abstract," Branford Marsalis. "The Wynton Marsalis Quartet Live at Blues Alley," Wynton Marsalis.
Jazz Group Instrumental: "Amnesia," Chick Corea Electric Band. "Blues for Coltrane; A Tribute to John Coltrane," McCoy Tyner, Pharoah Sanders, David Murray, Cecil McBee and Roy Haynes. "Random Abstract," Branford Marsalis Quartet. "Still Live," Keith Jarrett Trio. "The Wynton Marsalis Quartet Live at Blues Alley," Wynton Marsalis Quartet.
Jazz Big Band Instrumental: "Bill Holman Band," Bill Holman Band. "Bud & Bird," Gil Evans and the Monday Night Orchestra. "Ebony," Woody Herman's Thundering Herd. "Jacquet's Got It!" Illinois Jacquet and His Big Band. "Tribute to Count Basie," the Gene Harris All-Star Big Band.
Female Country Vocal: "Back in Baby's Arms," Emmylou Harris. "Hold Me," K.T. Oslin. "I'm Down to My Last Cigarette," K.D. Lang. "Reba," Reba McEntire. "Strong Enough to Bend," Tanya Tucker.
Male Country Vocal: "Addicted," Dan Seals. "Buenas Noches from a Lonely Room," Dwight Yoakam. "Diamonds & Dirt," Rodney Crowell. "Old 8 X 10," Randy Travis. "Pontiac," Lyle Lovett.
Country Vocal by Group or Duo: "Big Dreams in a Small Town," Restless Heart. "Give a Little Love," the Judds. "Gonna Take a Lot of River," the Oak Ridge Boys. "Highway 101--2," Highway 101. "Sincerely," the Forester Sisters.
Country Vocal Collaboration: "Crying," Roy Orbison and K.D. Lang. "Honky Tonk Angels' Medley," K.D. Lang, Brenda Lee, Loretta Lynn and Kitty Wells. "It's Such a Small World," Rodney Crowell and Rosanne Cash. "Streets of Bakersfield," Dwight Yoakam and Buck Owens. "We Believe in Happy Endings," Early Thomas Conley and Emmylou Harris.
Country Song: "Chiseled in Stone" Vera Gosdin. "Hold Me," K.T. Oslin. "I Couldn't Leave You if I Tried," Rodney Crowell. "She's No Lady," Lyle Lovett. "Streets of Bakersfield," Dwight Yoakam and Buck Owens.
Latin Pop Performance: "Cae La Noche," Dyango. " Las Apariencias Enganan" Raphael. "Roberto Carlos," Roberto Carlos. "Soy Asi," Jose Jose. "Sueno De Libertad," Jose Luis Perales.
Latin Tropical Performance: "Antecedente," Rueben Blades Y Son Del Soral. "La Salsa Soy Yo," Oscar D'Leon. "Mister E," Pete Escovedo. "Salsobita," Johnny Pacheco and Pete "El Conde" Rodriguez. "Sigo Atrevido," Eddie Santiago.
Mexican-American Performance: "Canciones De Mi Padre," Linda Ronstadt. "Flaco's Amigos, "Flaco Jimenez. "Idolos Del Pueblo," Los Tigres Del Norte. "No Me Olvidaras,"Jose Javier Solis. "Petalo Y Espinas," Los Yonics. "Quiero Verte Otra Vez," Pio Trevino and Majic. "Si Me Recuerdas," Los Bukis. "Vida Nueva," Los Freddy's.
Best Contemporary Folk Recording: "Emergency," Sweet Honey in the Rock. "Homeland--A Collection of Black South African Music," Various South African Artists. "John Prine Live," John Prine. "Short Sharp Shocked," Michelle Shocked. "Tracy Chapman," Tracy Chapman.
Reggae Recording: "Breakfast in Bed," UB40 and Chrissie Hynde. "Conscious Party," Ziggy Marley and The Melody Makers. "Hanging Fire," Jimmy Cliff. "Toots in Memphis," Toots Hibbert. "UB40," UB40.
Classical Album: "Horowitz Plays Mozart," Vladimir Horowitz, piano; Maria Giulini, cond. Symphony No. 2 in C Minor "Resurrection" (Mahler), Leonard Bernstein, cond. String Symphony; "Sunday Morning;" "Eagles" (Rorem), Robert Shaw, cond. "Requiem and Operatic Choruses" (Verdi), Robert Shaw, cond. "Lohengrin" (Wagner), Sir Georg Solti, cond.
Opera Recording: "Nixon In China," Edo de Waart, cond. "Norma," Richard Bonynge, cond. "A Quiet Place," Leonard Bernstein, cond. "Idomeneo," Sir John Pritchard, cond. "L Boheme," Leonard Bernstein, cond. "Lohengrin," Sir Georg Solti, cond.
Clasical Performance--Instrumental Soloist (With Orchestra): "The Art of Gary Gray," Gary Gray, clarinet. "Baroque Music For Trumpets," Wynton Marsalis, trumpet. "Works for Piano and Orchestra" (Bartok), Zoltan Kocsis, piano. Double Concerto in A Minor (Brahms), Isaac Stern, violin and Yo-Yo Ma. "Scottish Fantasy," Violin Concerto No. 2 (Bruch), Itzhak Perlman, violin. "L'Arbre des Songes" (Dutilleux), Isaac Stern. Piano Concerto No. 23 (Mozart), Vladimir Horowitz, piano.
Classical Performance--Instrumental Soloist (Without Orchestra): "Iberia;" "Navarra;" "Suite Espanola," Alicia de Larrocha, piano. "The Well Tempered Clavier," Book I, Keith Jrrett, piano. "Annees de Pelerinage," Alfred Brendel, piano. Piano Sonata No. 13 in B-flat, K.333 (Mozart), Vladimir Horowitz, piano. "The Late Piano Sonatas" (Schubert), Maurizio Pollini, piano.