Goldman Sachs faces first criminal charges in 1MDB scandal

Malaysian authorities have alleged that Goldman Sachs misled investors, charging that the bank knew that proceeds from 1MDB bond sales it arranged would be misappropriated
(Richard Drew / Associated Press)

Malaysia on Monday turned up the heat on Goldman Sachs Group Inc., filing the first criminal charges against the U.S. bank in relation to the 1MDB scandal.

Authorities alleged that Goldman misled investors when the bank knew that proceeds from 1MDB bond sales it arranged would be misappropriated. The government is seeking fines well in excess of both the $2.7 billion of allegedly misused funds and the $600 million in fees received by Goldman on the deals. Goldman has blamed rogue employees for any wrongdoing in relation to 1MDB, a state-owned investment fund.

“Their fraud goes to the heart of our capital markets,” Malaysian Atty. Gen. Tommy Thomas said in a statement in announcing the charges. “If no criminal proceedings are instituted against the accused, their undermining of our financial system and market integrity will go unpunished.”


Goldman Sachs’ role raising about $6.5 billion for 1MDB in 2012 and 2013 has evolved into its thorniest scandal since the global financial crisis a decade ago triggered a public backlash against banks. Former Goldman partner Tim Leissner has pleaded guilty to U.S. bribery charges and his former deputy, Roger Ng, was arrested in Malaysia. It put a third Asian executive on leave.

Along with targeting the firm, Malaysia filed related charges against Leissner and Ng, as well as former 1MDB employee Jasmine Loo Ai Swan and fugitive financier Low Taek Jho.

Goldman Sachs will “vigorously defend” against the charges, spokesman Edward Naylor said in an email. “We believe these charges are misdirected,” he said, adding that the bank continues to cooperate with all authorities investigating the matter.

The indictment focuses on circulars and memorandums that Goldman prepared for the 1MDB bonds, saying that they contained statements that were false or misleading or both. Malaysia is pursuing the claim on the basis that the relevant bond documents were sent to the regulator in its offshore banking haven in Labuan, and therefore were covered by its securities law, Thomas said in the statement.

Malaysia is filing the charges against three of the bank’s units — Goldman Sachs International (Britain), Goldman Sachs (Singapore) and Goldman Sachs (Asia) LLC — the Edge newspaper reported, citing charge sheets from the Kuala Lumpur court.

“The criminal charges of this nature are grave, and it goes to the core of Goldman’s business as an investment bank,” said Nizam Ismail, a partner at RHTLaw Taylor Wessing LLP in Singapore. “If the outcome of the case results in a criminal conviction against the bank, there are potentially severe reputational and financial risks to the bank, as well as the bank’s standing as a licensed financial institution with regulators worldwide.”