Art critic Dave Hickey has never been shy about dissenting
(Jason Szenes / EPA )
A cigarette dangles from the mouth of art iconoclast Dave Hickey as he cracks open the door of the Presidential Suite at downtown Los Angeles’ Ace Hotel. Coffee cups, reading material and cigarette butts litter the room, which is dark except for one low-glowing lamp. The dim light silhouettes Hickey’s sturdy, broad-chested frame as he shuffles toward the hotel room’s patio.
“Come on in,” he yells in a deep, Southern-inflected voice. “I’ll be outside having a smoke. What is there to talk about anyway? Everyone’s just stupid.”
One thing to talk about — his remarks the night before at downtown’s Grand Central Market, where Hickey set off a Twitter tempest while discussing his newest book, “Pirates and Farmers: Essays on Taste.”
“Uh oh,” tweeted art writer Carolina A. Miranda during the Wednesday event. “This is where Hickey starts talking about identity politics. Apparently, identity politics killed the art underground.”
Brooklyn-based artist Nayland Blake tweeted in response to her running account, “As a multi racial homo egghead, I sincerely apologize for breaking the art world.” Blake has several works in the Hammer Museum’s upcoming “Take It or Leave It” show and is chair of the International Center of Photography-Bard MFA program.
On the phone the next morning, Hickey seemed unperturbed by the Twitter critics, though he did say it was “kind of tacky that people were tweeting during my performance.” He added that he wouldn’t back down from his comments, but did offer to explain himself.
“Look,” he said, “identity politics broke up the underground, but I’m a champion of women artists. Why don’t you come downtown and we’ll talk about it?”
Later that afternoon on his hotel room’s seventh-floor balcony, Hickey plops down on a chair, ensconced in a cloud of cigarette smoke and nostalgia. With his silver beard, loose black sweats and physical heft, the 75-year-old Hickey looks almost Orson Wellesian.
Hickey’s own self-description is “a sissy” and “an idiot” who puts his foot in his mouth. He’s also “really darn smart” and entered college at age 15. He is “a feminist,” “a serial monogamist” who’s been married twice, “a big quitter” and, above all, “a pirate.”
“Pirates,” he says, “are people who don’t care, who cross boundaries — outsiders.”
“Dave’s a cross between Ralph Waldo Emerson and Joe Cocker — profoundly American, profoundly democratic and profoundly independent-thinking,” says art writer David Pagel, who appeared in conversation with Hickey at Art Los Angeles Contemporary last week. “He’s almost a heretic in the church of art. He makes people mad because he wants them to think for themselves.”
“[The tweeters] implied I wasn’t feminist, which I am,” Hickey says. “But identity politics tribalized the art underground and broke up the dissonant tone of it — a tribe of women, a tribe of black people, a tribe of gay people. It used to be all of us, together, just down in the dirt.”
Stirring opinions, distilling art jargon into everyman language and igniting the passions, both positive and negative, of younger art goers — often with shocking comments and counterintuitive career turns — seems to be Hickey’s specialty.
At times, he’s been a hard-living New York music and culture writer for Artforum, the Village Voice, Vanity Fair, Playboy and Rolling Stone; a Nashville musician; an art gallerist in Austin, Texas, and Manhattan; the executive editor of Art in America; and a rabble-rousing, Las Vegas-based academic. But he’s best known for his books on art. Newsweek named Hickey’s 1997 “Air Guitar: Essays on Art & Democracy” “one of the most important books of the century.”
In 2012, he left his longtime Las Vegas home for Santa Fe, N.M., and very publicly declared he was retiring from art writing. But Hickey made a splashy return to Los Angeles and the art world last week with his “Pirates and Farmers” appearances.
And more is on the way. “Pagan America” is forthcoming from Simon and Schuster; “Connoisseur of Waves: More Essays on Art & Democracy” is from University of Chicago Press, as is a book that may surprise some of his critics, “25 Women: Essays on Their Work.” He’s also in the process of writing a mystery novel set in the Vegas poker world.
Clearly, one thing Hickey is not: retired.
“Oh, I just thought saying I was retiring would get me more work — and it did for a while,” Hickey admits. “I retire all the time. I seriously intend to quit writing about art, though, as soon as all these little [assignments] dribble out. There’s nothing worth writing about anymore.”
Still, Hickey seems to spend a lot of time considering — and publicly waxing about — the state of the contemporary art world.
“The art is about as good as it always is, but there’s no discourse or negativity,” Hickey says. “The middle-class drones don’t want to go against anything, so there’s no dissent out there. There’s no unpopular art, so the art world is all pop art. It’s boring.”
With that, Hickey stubs out his cigarette with one hand and, as the butt still smolders, reaches for another Marlboro Lights 100 with his other.
“I don’t like the Hammer, I don’t like MOCA or LACMA,” he continues. “They lack refinement and seriousness. They’re all about tabloid headlines.”
Now Hickey rummages through the mini-fridge. White light spills out, illuminating his cigarette smoke. He cracks open a 7-Up.
“I miss the art underground,” he says and sighs. “The underground [of the ‘60s and ‘70s] was home for those who did not believe and did not belong. These days, everything’s mainstream; everyone loves everything.”
One can easily imagine Hickey in the ‘60s and ‘70s scene he so fondly and frequently speaks about — a freewheeling time when he whittled away chunks of the week in New York hanging out at Max’s Kansas City with Andy Warhol and Lou Reed. The creative camaraderie he found in that community was a refuge from his rocky childhood — the art underground was the only real family he knew.
Hickey was born in Fort Worth, Texas, the oldest of three, but grew up, he says, “all over the place,” attending 13 different grammar schools in Texas, Oklahoma, Louisiana and California.
His father was a musician who played in big bands and bebop groups by night and worked at a Chevy dealership by day; his mother was a painter and teacher. The family moved to Los Angeles after he finished third grade, and Hickey spent roughly half his childhood in Santa Monica and Pacific Palisades. He’d skip school, he says, to surf and hang out in the legendary custom car shop of George Barris. But those are among his only fond memories of that time.
“I had a very unhappy and violent and chaotic childhood,” he says. “ So I blocked a lot out.”
When he was 11, Hickey’s father committed suicide. “My mom blamed me — we were both named Dave. I moved out of the house and was on my own after that.”
In Austin, Hickey opened the art gallery A Clean Well-Lighted Place, where he showed countercultural works by Zap Comix artists such as R. Crumb and Gilbert Shelton. He ran New York’s Reese Paley Gallery after that, but quit when his boss insisted on showing the work of Yoko Ono.
“I said, ‘Oh, no, not me!’ She’s pushy and noisy and not any good!’”
Even so, Hickey insists that he’s a champion of work by women artists.
He wrote “25 Women,” he says, “because I couldn’t find one book of collected essays out there about women artists. There’s a lot of books about menopause, and a lot about how you get a gallery, but nothing seriously addressing the work women make.”
L.A.-based artist Alexis Smith says the book, which collects Hickey’s previously published essays on such artists as Elizabeth Peyton, Karen Carson, Joan Mitchell and Smith herself, is deeply needed.
“As a long-term female artist, I think what it’ll add is a little bit of parity,” Smith says. “I don’t think women artists are taken as seriously as men. This book — and his unique point of view and style — it’s a big deal.”
He’s now happily married to his second wife, 20 years so far, though he still regrets the mistakes of his first marriage.
“I screwed it up,” he says, getting visibly teary-eyed. “I was sleeping with everybody I could lay my hands on. Cocaine. Trashy living. It’s the only thing I ever did that I feel sorry about.”
The hotel room patio is now dark but for flashes of neon and street lights. Hickey plans to spend the night watching basketball on TV in his room and later polish an essay. He has no desire to check out clubs or gallery openings this visit.
“L.A.'s become all dinner party culture, anyway,” he says. “You go out to these [art events] and there’s all this twittering and complaining, it’s a nightmare.”
He leads the way to the door, a cigarette still wedged in his mouth and a gentle smile on his face.
“Love ya, darlin’,” he says. And then the door slowly swings shut.
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