"We Are the World," the all-star recording project that has raised millions for famine relief in Africa, did even better than expected in the 28th annual Grammy nominations by the 6,000 members of the National Academy of Recording Arts & Sciences.
Nominations for the single--which features such stars as Michael Jackson, Bruce Springsteen, Lionel Richie and Cyndi Lauper under the group title of USA for Africa--as best record and best song were virtually assured. But the best album nomination for "We Are the World" LP was a surprise. The hastily assembled collection consists largely of previously recorded, but unreleased songs by various artists.
The awards for this year's competition, which covers records released between Oct. 1, 1984, and Sept. 30, 1985, will be presented Feb. 25 in a nationally televised ceremony originating from the Shrine Auditorium. The nominations were announced Thursday.
Another surprise in the pop-rock balloting, which leaned as usual toward mainstream best sellers, was the dominance of the English band Dire Straits. The group and leader Mark Knopfler, who sings, writes and co-produces, received the highest number of pop nominations--eight. Previously, Knopfler and his band were nominated only twice--in 1979. Its hit single, "Money for Nothing," is up for best record and best song, while its "Brothers in Arms" is a best-album nominee.
The Manhattan Transfer, the acclaimed jazz vocal quartet, picked up six nominations in connection with its album "Vocalese." The album also resulted in nominations for guest singers Jon Hendricks and Bobby McFerrin, and guest sax player James Moody and trumpet player Dizzy Gillespie.
David Foster, who produces, arranges, conducts and composes, was nominated in six categories. Phil Collins, Tina Turner and Sting had five nominations each, while Don Henley and Huey Lewis had four each.
Madonna, who became one of the biggest stars in the business during 1985, was snubbed. Her "Like a Virgin" album, which sold six million and included four Top Five singles, was ignored. Her only nomination was a pop vocal nod for her "Crazy for You" single from the "Vision Quest" sound track. Another superstar, Prince, who won three Grammys last year, was shut out except for "Prince and the Revolution Live" in the long-form video category.
Competing with "We Are the World" and "Money for Nothing" for record of the year are Bruce Springsteen's "Born in the U.S.A.," Don Henley's "The Boys of Summer" and Huey Lewis' "The Power of Love."
The best-album nominees, along with "We Are the World" and "Brothers in Arms," are Phil Collins' "No Jacket Required," Whitney Houston's debut, "Whitney Houston," and Sting's "The Dream of the Blue Turtles." (Springsteen's album, "Born in the U.S.A."--which has passed the 10-million mark in sales--was nominated last year for best LP, but lost to Lionel Richie's "Can't Slow Down.")
In the best song category, the writers of "We Are the World" (Michael Jackson and Lionel Richie) and "Money for Nothing" (Knopfler and Sting) will vie with Don Henley and Mike Campbell ("The Boys of Summer"), Foreigner's Mick Jones ("I Want to Know What Love Is") and Daryl Hall, who wrote Paul Young's hit "Every Time You Go Away."
The competitors for best new artist are Freddie Jackson, Sade, Katrina and the Waves, Julian Lennon and the group A-Ha. Whitney Houston was ineligible because of two duet singles released before the eligibility period.
Madonna's competition in the best female pop vocal category are Pat Benatar, Linda Ronstadt, Whitney Houston and Tina Turner, last year's winner. For best male pop vocal, the nominees are Sting, Paul Young, Glenn Frey, Phil Collins and Stevie Wonder.
In the classical competition, producer Robert E. Woods earned seven nominations, while conductor Robert Shaw received five.
Record academy president Mike Greene said that a Grammy committee is working this week to settle on presenters and performing artists for the Feb. 25 show.
Following is a partial list of nominees in the 28th annual Grammy Awards.
Record: "Born in the U.S.A.," Bruce Springsteen. "The Boys of Summer," Don Henley. "Money for Nothing," Dire Straits. "The Power of Love," Huey Lewis and the News. "We Are the World," USA for Africa.
Album: "Brothers in Arms," Dire Straits. "The Dream of the Blue Turtles," Sting. "No Jacket Required," Phil Collins. "We Are the World," USA for Africa. "Whitney Houston," Whitney Houston.
Song: "The Boys of Summer," Don Henley and Mike Campbell. "Every Time You Go Away," Daryl Hall. "I Want to Know What Love Is," Mick Jones. "Money for Nothing," Mark Knopfler. "We Are the World," Michael Jackson and Lionel Richie.
New Artist: A-Ha, Freddie Jackson, Katrina and the Waves, Julian Lennon, Sade.
Female Pop Vocal: "Crazy for You," Madonna. "Lush Life," Linda Ronstadt. "Saving All My Love for You," Whitney Houston. "We Belong," Pat Benatar. "We Don't Need Another Hero (Thunderdome)," Tina Turner.
Male Pop Vocal: "The Dream of the Blue Turtles," Sting. "Every Time You Go Away," Paul Young. "The Heat Is On," Glenn Frey. "No Jacket Required," Phil Collins. "Part-Time Lover," Stevie Wonder.
Pop Vocal by Duo or Group: "Broken Wings," Mr. Mister. "Easy Lover," Philip Bailey and Phil Collins. "I Want to Know What Love Is," Foreigner. "The Power of Love," Huey Lewis and the News. "We Are the World," USA for Africa.
Pop Instrumental Performance: "Axel F," Harold Faltermeyer. "Harlequin," Dave Grusin and Lee Ritenour." "Love Theme from St. Elmo's Fire," David Forster." "Miami Vice Theme," Jan Hammer. "Shake Down," Spyro Gyra.
Female Rock Vocal: "Invincible," Pat Benatar. "One of the Living," Tina Turner. "Read My Lips," Melba Moore. "Rock This House," Nona Hendryx. "What a Thrill," Cyndi Lauper.
Male Rock Vocal: "The Boys of Summer," Don Henley. "Centerfield," John Fogerty. "Just Another Night," Mick Jagger. "Reckless," Bryan Adams. "Scarecrow," John Cougar Mellencamp.
Rock Vocal by Duo or Group: "Heart," Heart. "It's Only Love," Bryan Adams and Tina Turner. "Money for Nothing," Dire Straits. "We Built This City," Starship. "Would I Lie to You?" Eurythmics.
Female R&B; Vocal: "Freeway of Love," Aretha Franklin. "I Feel for You," Chaka Khan. "Lovergirl," Teena Marie. "New Attitude," Patti LaBelle. "You Give Good Love," Whitney Houston.
Male R&B; Vocal: "Chinese Wall," Philip Bailey. "High Crime," Al Jarreau. "In Square Circle," Stevie Wonder. "The Night I Fell in Love," Luther Vandross. "You Are My Lady," Freddie Jackson.
R&B; Vocal by Duo or Group: "Contact," Pointer Sisters. "Nightshift," Commodores. "Sisters Are Doin' It for Themselves," Eurythmics and Aretha Franklin. "Solid," Ashford and Simpson. "The Way You Do the Things You Do," Hall and Oates with Ruffin and Kendrick.
R&B; song: "Freeway of Love," Narada Michael Walden and Jeffrey Cohen. "New Attitude," Sharon Robinson, Jon Gilutin, Bunny Hull. "Nightshift," Walter Orange, Dennis Lambert, Franne Golde. "Through the Fire," David Foster, Tom Keane, Cynthia Weil. "You Give Good Love," LaLa.
Jazz Fusion Performance, Vocal or Instrumental: "Alternating Currents," Spyro Gyra. "Atlantis," Wayne Shorter. "Magic Touch," Stanley Jordan Group. "Sportin' Life," Weather Report. "Straight to the Heart," David Sanborn. "You're Under Arrest," Miles Davis.
Solo Jazz Female Vocal: "Cleo at Carnegie/The 10th Anniversary Concert," Cleo Laine. "The Great Songs from the Cotton Club," Maxine Sullivan. "Made in New York," Tania Maria. "Meet Benny Bailey," Cheryl Bentyne. "Sing Joy Spring," Janis Siegel. "20 Years Blue," Flora Purim.
Solo Jazz Male Vocal: "Another Night in Tunisia," Jon Hendricks and Bobby McFerrin. "Beyond the Sea," George Benson. "Live at Vine Street," David Frishberg. "Mark Murphy Sings Nat's Choice," Mark Murphy. "Oh Yes, I Remember Clifford," Alan Paul.
Jazz Vocal by Duo or Group: "American Eyes," Rare Silk. "Blue," Barry Manilow and Sarah Vaughan. "Hot IV," University of Northern Colorado Vocal Jazz I. "Night in the City," Phil Mattson & the P.M. Singers. "Ray's Rockhouse," The Manhattan Transfer and Jon Hendricks. "To You," The Manhattan Transfer with the Four Freshmen. "Vocalese," Manattan Transfer.
Jazz Solo Instrumental: "Black Codes From the Underground," Wynton Marsalis. "Human Nature," Miles Davis. "Magic Touch," Stanley Jordan. "Meet Benny Bailey," James Moody. "Sing Joy Spring," Dizzy Gillespie.
Female Country Vocal: "Ballad of Sally Rose," Emmylou Harris. "I Don't Know Why You Don't Want Me," Rosanne Cash. "Real Love," Dolly Parton. "She's Single Again," Janie Fricke. "You Make Me Want to Make You Mine," Juice Newton.
Male Country Vocal: "Baby's Got Her Blue Jeans On," Mel McDaniel. "Forgiving You Was Easy," Willie Nelson. "I Don't Mind the Thorns," Lee Greenwood. "Lost in the Fifties Tonight," Ronnie Milsap. "You Make Me Feel Like a Man," Ricky Skaggs.
Country Vocal by Duo or Group: "Can't Keep a Good Man Down," Alabama. "The Forester Sisters," Forester Sisters. "Highwayman," Waylon Jennings, Willie Nelson, Johnny Cash, Kris Kristofferson. "Meet Me in Montana," Marie Osmond and Dan Seals. "Real Love," Dolly Parton and Kenny Rogers. "Why Not Me," the Judds.
Country Song: "Baby's Got Her Blue Jeans On," Bob McDill. "Desperados Waiting for a Train," Guy Clark. "Forty Hour Week," Dave Loggins, Lisa Silver, Don Schlitz. "Highwayman," Jimmy Webb. "I Don't Know Why You Don't Want Me," Rosanne Cash, Rodney Crowell. "Lost in the Fifties Tonight," Mike Reid, Troy Seals, Fred Parris. "Love Is Alive," Kent M. Robbins.
Female Gospel Vocal: "Black and White in a Grey World," Leslie Phillips. "Choose Life," Debbie Boone. "Don't Hide Your Heart," Sheila Walsh. "Hymns Just for You," Sandi Patti. "Unguarded," Amy Grant.
Male Gospel Vocal: "Fifty Golden Years," James Blackwood. "He Holds the Keys," Steve Green. "How Excellent Is Thy Name," Larnelle Harris. "Medals," Russ Taff. "Power of Praise," Phil Driscoll.
Female Soul Gospel Vocal: "Blessed Assurance," Vernessa Mitchell. "Chosen," Vanessa Bell Armstrong. "Deleon," Deleon Richards. "Lift Him Up," Dorothy Norwood. "Martin," Shirley Caesar.
Male Soul Gospel Vocal: "Bring Back the Days of Yea and Nay," Marvin Winans. "Heavy Load," Rev. Marvin Yancy. "So Good," Howard McCrary. "Stop Your Searchin'," Philip Nicholas. "Unspeakable Joy," Douglas Miller.
Latin Pop Performance: "Es Facil Amar," Lani Hall. "Por Ella," Jose Feliciano and Jose Jose. "Reflexiones," Jose Jose. "Solo Una Mujer," Lucia Mendez. "Yo Soy Tuyo," Jose Feliciano.
Tropical Latin Performance: "De Nuevo," Celia Cruz & Johnny Pacheco; "Free Spirit, Espirito Libre," Mongo Santamaria & His Latin-Jazz Orchestra; "Mambo Diablo," Tito Puento and his Latin Ensemble; "Mucho Mejor," Ruben Blades; "Nocho De Discotheque," Bonny Cepeda y Orquestra; "Solito," Eddie Palmieri.
Mexican-American Performance: "Canta a Juan Gabriel," Rocio Durcal; "Mujer Importante," Maria de Lourdes; "Santiago Strikes Again," Santiago Jimenez Jr.; "Simplemente Mujer," Vicki Carr; "13 Aniversario/13 Album/13 Exitos," Los Humildes; "20 Exitos Romanticos Con Juan Valentin," Juan Valentin.
Traditional Blues: "Big Joe Turner With Knocky Parker and His Houserockers," Big Joe Turner with Knocky Parker and His Houserockers. "Members Only," Bobby Bland. "My Guitar Sings the Blues," B. B. King. "Patcha, Patcha, All Night Long," Joe Turner and Jimmy Witherspoon. "Queen of the Blues," Koko Taylor. "Serious Business," Johnny Winter. "When a Guitar Plays the Blues," Roy Buchanan.
Reggae Recording: "Alive in Jamaica," Blue Riddim Band. "Cliff Hanger," Jimmy Cliff. "Play the Game Right," Melody Makers. "Resistance," Burning Spear. "Working Wonders," Judy Mowatt.
Comedy Recording: "Born in East L.A.," Cheech & Chong. "Dare to Be Stupid," Weird Al Yankovic. "Honeymooners Rap," Joe Piscopo. "Whoopi Goldberg," Whoopi Goldberg. "You Look Marvelous," Billy Crystal.
Music Video, Short Form: "The Daryl Hall and John Oates Video Collection," Mick Haggerty and C. D. Taylor, directors. "Do They Know It's Christmas," Dave Bridges, Rob Wright. "No Jacket Required," Jim Vulcich. "Private Dancer," Brian Grant. "We Are the World," Tom Trbovich.
Music Video, Long Form: "The Heart of Rock 'n' Roll," Bruce Gowers, director. "The Police Synchronicity Concert," Godley & Creme. "Prince and the Revolution Live," Paul Becher. "Tina Live," David Mallet. "Wham! The Video," Wham!
Instrumental Composition: "Axel F," Harold Faltermeyer. "Back to the Future," Alan Silvestri. "Love Theme From St. Elmo's Fire," David Foster. "Miami Vice Theme," Jan Hammer. "With Bells On," Thad Jones.
Movie or TV Score: "Back to the Future," "Beverly Hills Cop," "A Passage to India." "St. Elmo's Fire." "Witness."
Cast Show Album: "Big River." "Greatest Hits from Leader of the Pack." "The Tap Dance Kid." "Very Warm for May." "West Side Story."
Producer (non-classical): Phil Collins and Hugh Padgham. David Foster. Don Henley, Danny Kortchmar and Greg Ladanyi. Mark Knopfler and Neil Dorfsman. Narada Michael Walden.
Classical Album: "Les Nuits d'ete" (Berlioz), Robert Shaw, cond.; Requiem (Berlioz), Shaw, cond.; Symphony No. 7 (Dvorak), James Levine, cond.; Music by Gershwin, Michael Tilson Thomas, conductor-pianist; "Messiah" (Handel), Shaw, cond.; Symphony No. 7 (Mahler), Claudio Abbado, cond.; Violin Sonatas (Mozart), Itzhak Perlman/Daniel Barenboim; "Cinderella" Suite (Prokofiev), Leonard Slatkin, cond.; "Pines of Rome," "The Birds," "Fountains of Rome" (Respighi), Louis Lane, cond.
Opera Recording: "Pagliacci" (Leoncavallo), George Pretre, cond.; "Manon Lescaut" (Puccini), Giuseppe Sinopoli, cond.; "Moses und Aron" (Schoenberg), Sir Georg Solti, cond.; "The Rake's Progress" (Stravinsky), Riccardo Chailly, cond.; "Der Fliegende Hollaender" (Wagner), Herbert von Karajan, cond.
Classical Performance--Instrumental Soloist (with orchestra): Cello Concerto (Elgar), Yo-Yo Ma; "Rhapsody in Blue" (Gershwin), Andre Previn; Second Rhapsody (Gershwin), Tilson Thomas; Violin Concerto (Khachaturian), Perlman; Piano Concertos (Schumann, Chopin), Andras Schiff.
Classical Performance--Instrumental Soloist (without orchestra): Four Scherzos (Chopin), Claudio Arrau; Piano Sonatas (Chopin), Francois-Rene Duchable; Short Pieces (Gershwin), Tilson Thomas; "The Guitar in Spain," Julian Bream; "Gaspard de la Nuit," "Pavane," etc. (Ravel), Vladimir Ashkenazy.
ClassicaL Vocal Soloist: "Les Nuits d'ete" (Berlioz), Ameling; "Les Nuits d'ete" (Berlioz), Frederica von Stade; Requiem (Berlioz), John Aler; "Chants d'Auvergne" (Canteloube), Kiri Te Kanawa; "Marilyn Horne Sings" (Various composers), Marilyn Horne; "Zarzuela Arias and Duets," Placido Domingo, Pilar Lorengar.
Chamber Music Performance: Cello Sonatas (Brahms), Emanuel Ax, Yo-Yo Ma; Concerto for Violin, Piano and String Quartet (Chausson), Perlman, Jorge Bolet, Juilliard Quartet; Sonatina, "From My Homeland," etc. (Dvorak and Smetana), Perlman, Samuel Sanders; Piano/Wind Quintets (Beethoven and Mozart), Previn, Vienna Wind Soloists; Piano Trio in A minor (Tchaikovsky), Barenboim, Pinchas Zukerman, Jacqueline DuPre.