California recorded 132 new coronavirus-related fatalities Tuesday — the most in a single day since the pandemic began — as counties across the state continue cementing plans to reopen their economies.
The highest number of deaths previously reported in a single day statewide was 117 in late April. Tuesday’s rise, which comes on a day when data from the previous weekend is typically released, pushed the state’s death toll past 3,400. The number of confirmed cases statewide has climbed to 83,864, according to data compiled by The Times.
While the death count continues to rise, other metrics show significant progress, enough that even some of the most cautious local health officials have agreed to begin slowly reopening businesses and public spaces.
The number of newly identified coronavirus cases across California declined from the previous week, and hospitalizations have dropped more than 15% from a peak six weeks ago, according to a Times analysis.
In Los Angeles County, which has become the epicenter of the coronavirus outbreak in California, officials have cautioned that reopening the economy will be more difficult than in other parts of the state.
County health officials on Wednesday reported 1,324 new cases of coronavirus, bringing the infection total to 40,857. Officials also reported 57 additional fatalities, bringing the death toll to 1,970.
Nearly 6,000 of those who have tested positive for the virus have been hospitalized at some point during their illness. Currently, 1,531 patients who are positive for COVID-19 are being hospitalized, said L.A. County Public Health Director Barbara Ferrer.
“Each day we continue to see a slight decrease in the number of people who are hospitalized,” Ferrer said. “This is good news.”
As the number of cases continues to tick upward, county officials on Wednesday reemphasized their goal of reopening more of the economy by July 4. The mission is to reopen retail businesses, restaurants and malls at a steady pace while trying to avoid additional outbreaks, Supervisor Kathryn Barger said.
“When we first put in place ‘Safer at Home,’ there was a lot we didn’t know about COVID-19, and we’ve learned a lot since then,” she said. “The goal was not to kill business, the goal was to slow the infections, and as we have been able to lift restrictions, we are doing that, and the goal is to do it in a safe and responsible manner.”
The proposed timeline was first unveiled Tuesday during a meeting of the county’s Economic Resiliency Task Force, which has been charged with developing plans for helping restore the region’s battered economy.
There have been more than 1 million unemployment claims filed in Los Angeles County to date, and more than 75% of the projected job losses are in positions that pay $50,000 a year or less. Restaurants and retail businesses are among the hardest hit, according to data presented to the task force.
“The longer we stay closed in certain sectors, particularly small businesses and restaurants, the odds are that they will not be able to come back,” Supervisor Janice Hahn said. “I feel that we have to get to the point that we learn to live with the virus. We cannot stay locked down forever.”
Currently, most retail stores and restaurants are allowed to provide curbside pickup, while hiking trails and parks have reopened and active recreation is allowed at beaches. Face coverings are still required, and gatherings are not permitted in the county.
On Wednesday, neighboring Ventura County became the largest county in Southern California to resume dine-in service at restaurants and in-store shopping. San Luis Obispo, Kings and Kern also joined the growing list of California counties that have been given permission to enter phase two of reopening.
But officials say L.A. County is not yet ready to take that step.
Still, some communities in the county are looking at alternatives. Leaders in Long Beach moved forward this week with an “open streets initiative” that would repurpose some roads in the city to accommodate recreation and outdoor dining. Long Beach’s restaurant dining rooms remain closed under state and local orders, and the city’s hospitality industry is struggling.
“Even though they’ve been allowed to continue serving customers through pickup and delivery, that hasn’t provided enough revenue for many establishments and some restaurants just aren’t set up for that model,” Mayor Robert Garcia wrote in a community message. “We want to do everything we can to help restaurants get open and stay open.”
Speaking outside Caveman Vintage Music in Lincoln Heights on Wednesday afternoon, Los Angeles Mayor Eric Garcetti said that the city would expand its emergency micro-loan program for local businesses that had been hurt by the shutdown, reviewing applications it had previously denied and adding staffing to expedite those still in its queue.
The mayor also said any business inside city limits would be able to get a temporary pick-up zone from the department of transportation, making it easier for customers to buy locally while in-store shopping remains prohibited.
“Every week we’re opening more up, but we’re doing it responsibly,” Garcetti said.
L.A. County leaders have noted that loosening restrictions depends on the public’s willingness to practice social distancing, wear face coverings and take other precautions to prevent a spike in cases. Health officials say the county is still a long way off from achieving herd immunity to the virus.
A new study by USC and Los Angeles County scientists released Wednesday found that only 2.1% of adults in the county showed evidence of having been infected with COVID-19 — a startling finding, since a test conducted a month earlier estimated nearly 5% of L.A. County residents showed signs of past infection.
The findings raise the possibility that people are losing antibodies to the coronavirus in the months after infection. It’s also possible the differing results could be caused by random variation, testing at different sites in L.A. County or efforts to increase testing among people of color.
During the first study conducted in the second week of April, scientists tested 863 people and found that 4.1% tested positive for having coronavirus antibodies. After making adjustments for test sensitivity and specificity, scientists boosted that number, estimating that 4.65% of L.A. County residents had some level of immunity to the virus. The second survey, which was conducted over four days in May, found that only 2.1% of the 1,014 adults tested were positive for antibodies.
Neeraj Sood, the study’s leader and a professor at USC’s Sol Price School of Public Policy, said the idea that coronavirus antibodies might be waning among people months after they get infected is completely speculative at this point. But he said it’s possible the test used by the researchers is not able to detect a lower level of antibodies to the virus that might occur months after infection.
“So I just want to emphasize that this is right now just a potential explanation. It doesn’t mean that we think this is a likely explanation,” Sood said.
Ferrer also noted the tests didn’t include people from some of the highest risk groups, like people living in nursing homes, homeless shelters and jails. Officials plan to do follow-up testing in the coming months.
L.A. County’s coronavirus transmission rate has fallen significantly since the stay-at-home orders were imposed in late March. As the crisis took hold, every person who tested positive for the virus in the county was infecting an average of 3½ other people, which scientists call, “R,” or the Effective Transmission Number.
Last week, officials released data showing remarkable progress: The Effective Transmission Number had dropped to just 1, meaning for every one person infected, that person only infected one other person on average.
On Wednesday, officials had more good news: the Effective Transmission Number has now fallen slightly below 1.
L.A. County officials now estimate that if the economy is reopened without a worsening of the coronavirus transmission rate, they will expect 8% of L.A. County residents will be infected by Dec. 1. But if the Effective Transmission Number rises to to 1.5 — meaning each infected person will infect 1.5 others on average — then 44% of L.A. County residents will be infected by Dec. 1.
“Vigilance is still our most important weapon and it is the steps that you’ve heard us describe again and again of those basic core public health measures that will make all the difference,” said said Dr. Christina Ghaly, director of health services for L.A. County. “These very simple practices are what allows all of us the chance to stay healthy, get back to work and restore the normalcy of our lives.”
Gov. Gavin Newsom this week loosened rules linking coronavirus infection rates and deaths to permitted activities, a move that is expected to allow many parts of the state to reopen more quickly.
However, leaders in some regions contend that their economies should be able to reopen ahead of the state’s schedule.
The Tulare County Board of Supervisors voted Tuesday to move the county all the way through Phase 3 of Newsom’s reopening road map, which would allow movie theaters, shopping malls, salons, gyms and dine-in restaurants to reopen. In-person religious services also would be able to resume.
The decision came as the county reported a spike of 103 new cases of COVID-19 and four more deaths. Board members acknowledged the county doesn’t meet all the latest criteria for a more rapid reopening, falling short in the areas of new case and positive test rates, as well as contact tracing staff.
Mark Ghilarducci, director of the governor’s Office of Emergency Services, sent a letter to Tulare County officials this week warning them that the county could lose disaster funding if it continues down its current path.
“If Tulare County believes there is no emergency, such that it can ignore the governor’s executive orders or the state public health officer’s directives, the county would not be able to demonstrate that it was extraordinarily and disproportionately impacted by COVID-19,” Ghilarducci wrote.
Times staff writer Sean Greene and Colleen Shalby contributed to this report.