Pelosi says U.S. will not abandon Taiwan as China announces live-fire drills
U.S. House Speaker Nancy Pelosi left Taiwan after a visit that heightened tensions with China, saying Wednesday that she and other members of Congress in her delegation showed they would not abandon their commitment to the self-governing island.
Pelosi (D-San Francisco), the first U.S. speaker of the House of Representatives to visit the island in more than 25 years, courted Beijing’s wrath with the visit and set off more than a week of debate over whether it was a good idea after news of it leaked. In Taipei, she remained calm but defiant.
“Today the world faces a choice between democracy and autocracy,” she said in a short speech during a meeting with Taiwanese President Tsai Ing-wen. “America’s determination to preserve democracy, here in Taiwan and around the world, remains ironclad.”
China, which claims Taiwan as its territory and opposes any engagement by Taiwanese officials with foreign governments, announced multiple military exercises around the island and issued a series of harsh statements after the delegation touched down Tuesday night in Taipei, the Taiwanese capital.
Taiwan decried the planned actions.
“Such an act equals to sealing off Taiwan by air and sea … and severely violates our country’s territorial sovereignty,” said Capt. Jian-chang Yu at the National Defense Ministry’s media briefing Wednesday morning.
For Pelosi, the Taiwan visit is a legacy-building trip that may serve as a capstone to her long record as a critic of China.
The Chinese military exercises, including live fire, are to start Thursday and be the largest aimed at Taiwan since 1995, when China fired missiles in a large-scale exercise to show its displeasure at a visit by then-Taiwanese President Lee Teng-hui to the U.S.
Tsai responded firmly Wednesday to Beijing’s military intimidation.
“Facing deliberately heightened military threats, Taiwan will not back down,” Tsai said at her meeting with Pelosi. “We will firmly uphold our nation’s sovereignty and continue to hold the line of defense for democracy.”
China’s official Xinhua News Agency announced the military actions Tuesday night, along with a map outlining six different areas around Taiwan. Arthur Zhin-Sheng Wang, a defense studies expert at Taiwan’s Central Police University, said three of the areas infringe on Taiwanese waters, meaning they are within 12 nautical miles of shore.
China is warning it will respond forcefully if U.S. House Speaker Nancy Pelosi proceeds with a planned visit to Taiwan.
Using live fire in a country’s territorial airspace or waters is risky, said Wang, adding that, “according to international rules of engagement, this can possibly be seen as an act of war.”
Pelosi’s trip has heightened U.S.-China tensions more than recent visits by other members of Congress because of her high-level position as leader of the House of Representatives. She is the first speaker of the House to come to Taiwan in 25 years, since Newt Gingrich in 1997. However, other members of Congress have visited Taiwan in the past year.
Tsai, thanking Pelosi for her decades of support for Taiwan, presented the speaker with a civilian honor, the Order of the Propitious Clouds.
“Facing deliberately heightened military threats, Taiwan will not back down,” Tsai said. “We will firmly uphold our nation’s sovereignty and continue to hold the line of defense for democracy.”
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China’s response has been loud and has come on multiple fronts: diplomatic, economic and military.
Shortly after Pelosi landed Tuesday night, China announced live-fire drills that reportedly started that night, as well as the four-day exercises starting Thursday.
The People’s Liberation Army Air Force flew a contingent of 21 warplanes, including fighter jets, toward Taiwan. Chinese Vice Foreign Minister Xie Feng summoned the U.S. ambassador to Beijing, Nicholas Burns, to convey the Chinese government’s displeasure.
State broadcaster CCTV published images and video of PLA drills Wednesday, although it was unclear where they were being conducted.
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On Wednesday, China also banned some imports from Taiwan, including citrus fruit and fish.
Pelosi addressed Beijing’s threats Wednesday morning, saying she hoped it was clear that, “while China has stood in the way of Taiwan going to certain meetings, that they understand they will not stand in the way of people coming to Taiwan as a show of friendship and of support.”
Pelosi noted that support for Taiwan is bipartisan in Congress and praised the island’s democracy. She stopped short of saying that the U.S would defend Taiwan militarily, emphasizing that Congress is “committed to the security of Taiwan, in order to have Taiwan be able to most effectively defend themselves.”
Her focus has always been the same, she said, going back to her 1991 visit to Beijing’s Tiananmen Square, when she and other lawmakers unfurled a small banner supporting democracy, two years after a bloody military crackdown on protesters at the square.
Op-Ed: Nancy Pelosi’s Taiwan visit didn’t cause heightened China-U.S. animosity. But it isn’t helping
Even if Pelosi had skipped Taipei on her tour of Asia, America’s gradually shifting policy on Taiwan has increased China’s tensions with the U.S.
That visit was also about human rights and what she called dangerous technology transfers to “rogue countries.”
Pelosi visited a human rights museum in Taipei that details the history of the island’s martial-law era and met with some of Taiwan’s most prominent rights activists, including an exiled former Hong Kong bookseller who was detained by Chinese authorities, Lam Wing-kee.
Pelosi, who is leading the trip with five other members of Congress, met earlier Wednesday with representatives from Taiwan’s legislature.
“Madam Speaker’s visit to Taiwan with the delegation, without fear, is the strongest defense of upholding human rights and consolidation of the values of democracy and freedom,” Tsai Chi-chang, vice president of the Legislative Yuan, as the legislature is officially known, said in welcome.
A stronger army is needed to deter a wider conflict that could entangle the U.S. at a time when calls are growing in Washington to defend the island.
The Biden administration has sought to turn down the volume on the visit, saying there’s no change in America’s long-standing “one-China policy,” which recognizes Beijing but allows informal relations and defense ties with Taipei.
Pelosi said her delegation has “heft,” including Gregory W. Meeks (D-N.Y.), chair of the House Foreign Affairs Committee, and Raja Krishnamoorthi (D-Ill.) from the House Intelligence Committee.
She also mentioned Rep. Suzan DelBene (D-Wash.), who Pelosi said was instrumental in the passage of a $280-billion bill aimed at boosting American manufacturing and research in semiconductor chips — an industry dominated by Taiwan that is vital for modern electronics.
Reps. Andy Kim (D-N.J.) and Mark Takano (D-Riverside) are also in the delegation.
She departed Wednesday evening for South Korea, the next stop on an Asia tour that also includes Singapore, Malaysia and Japan.
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