"Driving Miss Daisy," the bittersweet story of a contrary Southern lady and her wise old chauffeur, led the 62nd Academy Award nominations announced today with nine, followed by the Vietnam film "Born on the Fourth of July" with eight.
"Glory," the epic of black soldiers in the Civil War, and "My Left Foot," the story of an Irish cerebral palsy victim, followed with five nominations apiece.
"Born on the Fourth of July" scored for best picture, Tom Cruise's starring performance, and the direction by Oliver Stone, who also shared a screen-writing nomination with Ron Kovic, the disabled veteran-activist whose story the film portrays.
"Everyone worked very hard on this film, not only making it but trying to get it made," Cruise said in a statement from the Daytona, Fla., location of his latest movie.
Kovic, about to board a plane in New York, called his nomination "truly one of the happiest and most triumphant moments of my life."
Both have been little mentioned in prenomination predictions.
Freeman of "Driving Miss Daisy," Cruise of "Born on the Fourth of July" and Daniel Day Lewis of "My Left Foot" were also nominated for best actor.
Isabelle Adjani of "Camille Claudel" was another surprise nominee as best actress. Other actress nominees: Pauline Collins, "Shirley Valentine"; Jessica Lange, "Music Box"; Michelle Pfeiffer, "The Fabulous Baker Boys"; Tandy, "Driving Miss Daisy."
Belying the legend that films released late in the year are favored in the Oscars, the voters nominated "Field of Dreams," released April 21, and "Dead Poets Society," released June 2, for best picture of 1989.
Other nominees for best picture: "Born on the Fourth of July," "Driving Miss Daisy" and "My Left Foot."
"My Left Foot" producer Daniel Pearson said Day Lewis ran out in the street when he heard the news at his agent Julian Belfrage's office: "He's so thrilled, he's just run out of the building. At the moment, it's madness in here."
Among the curiosities in today's nominations: No major honors for the year's top box-office moneymaker, "Batman," which earned $251.2 million in 1989. There were no nominations at all for the critically acclaimed "Drugstore Cowboy."
Branagh and Sheridan were nominated for their first films as directors; only four previous nominees have won Oscars on their directorial debuts. Branagh, Freeman and Collins were nominated for roles they created on the stage; 19 Oscars have been won by actors repeating theater roles.
Martin Landau and Pfeiffer are the only repeat nominees from last year.
Marlon Brando, who won an Oscar for "On the Waterfront" and rejected one for "The Godfather," was nominated for supporting actor for his brief role as a liberal South African lawyer in "A Dry White Season."
Others named for supporting actor: Danny Aiello, "Do the Right Thing"; Aykroyd, "Driving Miss Daisy"; Landau, "Crimes and Misdemeanors"; Denzel Washington, "Glory."
For supporting actress: Brenda Fricker, "My Left Foot"; Anjelica Huston, "Enemies, A Love Story"; Lena Olin, "Enemies, A Love Story"; Julia Roberts, " Steel Magnolias"; Dianne Wiest, "Parenthood."
For best direction: Stone, "Born on the Fourth of July"; Woody Allen, "Crimes and Misdemeanors"; Peter Weir, "Dead Poets Society"; Branagh, "Henry V"; Jim Sheridan, "My Left Foot."
Filmmaker Michael Moore had as much trouble meeting Oscar as he did catching General Motors President Roger Smith in his documentary "Roger & Me." The film failed to win a nomination in the documentary feature category.
Recent weeks have brought criticism of Moore's film for its faulty juxtaposition of time elements and its entertainment values at the expense of accuracy.
In awards already handed out, the New York Film Critics voted "My Left Foot" as the best film of 1989. "Enemies, A Love Story" won for best director and "Drugstore Cowboy" was awarded the best screenplay prize by the New York reviewers.
Film critics in Los Angeles awarded their best film and best director trophies to "Do the Right Thing," with best screenplay going to "Drugstore Cowboy."
"Roger & Me" was named best documentary by both the Los Angeles and New York critics' organizations.
The National Society of Film Critics chose "Drugstore Cowboy" as the best film of the last year and the best directed, too.
Screenings of all nominees start Friday at the Academy's Samuel Goldwyn Theater, and the polls close March 10. The awards ceremony will be held on Monday, March 26.
ORIGINAL SCREENPLAY: Woody Allen, "Crimes and Misdemeanors"; Tom Schulman, "Dead Poets Society"; Spike Lee, "Do the Right Thing"; Steven Soderbergh, "sex, lives and videotapes"; Nora Ephron, "When Harry Met Sally. . . ."
ADAPTED SCREENPLAY: Oliver Stone and Ron Kovic, "Born on the Fourth of July"; Alfred Uhry, "Driving Miss Daisy"; Roger L. Simon and Paul Mazursky, "Enemies, A Love Story"; Phil Alden Robinson, "Field of Dreams"; Jim Sheridan and Shane Connaughton, "My Left Foot."
BEST FOREIGN FILM: "Camille Claudel," France; "Cinema Paradiso," Italy; "Jesus of Montreal," Canada; "Santiago, The Story of His New Life," Puerto Rico; "Waltzing Regitze," Denmark.
ART DIRECTION: "The Abyss," "The Adventures of Baron Munchausen," "Batman," "Driving Miss Daisy," "Glory."
CINEMATOGRAPHY: "The Abyss," "Blaze," "Born on the Fourth of July," "The Fabulous Baker Boys," "Glory."
COSTUME DESIGN: "The Adventures of Baron Munchausen," "Driving Miss Daisy," "Harlem Nights," "Henry V," "Valmont."
DOCUMENTARY FEATURE: "Adam Clayton Powell," "Common Threads: Stories from the Quilt," "Crack USA: Country Under Siege," "For All Mankind," "Super Chief: The Life and Legacy of Earl Warren."
DOCUMENTARY SHORT SUBJECT: "Fine Food, Fine Pastries, Open 6 to 9," "The Johnstown Flood," "Yad Vashem: Preserving the Past to Ensure the Future."
FILM EDITING: "The Bear," "Born on the Fourth of July," "Driving Miss Daisy," "The Fabulous Baker Boys," "Glory."
MAKEUP: "The Adventures of Baron Munchausen," "Dad," "Driving Miss Daisy."
MUSIC ORIGINAL SCORE: John Williams, "Born on the Fourth of July"; David Grusin, "The Fabulous Baker Boys"; James Horner, "Field of Dreams"; John Williams, "Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade"; Alan Menken, "The Little Mermaid."
MUSIC ORIGINAL SONG: "After All" from "Chances Are"; "The Girl Who Used to Be Me" from "Shirley Valentine"; "I Love to See You Smile" from "Parenthood"; "Kiss the Girl" from "The Little Mermaid"; "Under the Sea" from "The Little Mermaid."
ANIMATED SHORT FILM: "Balance," "Cow," "The Hill Farm."
LIVE ACTION SHORT FILM: "Amazon Diary," "The Child Eater," "Work Experience."
SOUND: "The Abyss," "Black Rain," "Born on the Fourth of July," "Glory," "Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade."
SOUND EFFECTS EDITING: "Black Rain," "Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade," "Lethal Weapon 2."
VISUAL EFFECTS: "The Abyss," "The Adventures of Baron Munchausen," "Back to the Future Part II."
BEST ACTOR NOMINEES